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Full text of "Historical sketches of some members of the Lawrence family. With an appendix"

HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF 






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HISTORICAL SKETCHES 



OF SOME MEMBERS OF 



THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 



WITH AN APPEN-VIX. 



BY 



ROBERT M. LAWRENCE, M.D. 




BOSTON : 
RAND AVERY COMPANY, PRINTERS. 

1888. 








/ 












A good name is better than precious ointment." 

ECCLES. vii. i. 

'/ leave my character behind me." 

R. B. SHERIDAN. 



(Wg Wife, 

KATHARINE LAWRENCE (CLEAVELAND) LAWRENCE, 



ARE AFFECTIONATELY INSCRIBED. 



PREFACE. 



SEVERAL years ago the writer obtained possession of 
a package of old deeds and other original documents 
relating to descendants of John Lawrence of Wisset, 
Eng,, who were among the early settlers in Middlesex 
County, Mass. The interest awakened by an exami- 
nation of these papers led to a study of the family 
history, and especially that of the first five generations 
in America ; and in this little volume are given the 
results of these researches. Absolute accuracy in a 
work of this kind is hardly to be attained. The 
incompleteness of many town and church records, the 
frequent changes of residence of individuals, and 
the confusion arising from a repetition of certain 
Christian names, these are among the hinderances 
well-known to the student of family history. The 
writer will, therefore, be glad to be informed of any 
errors or omissions which may be discovered. 

It is fitting that due acknowledgment should be 
made to the Hon. Samuel A. Green, M.D., from whose 
many valuable publications concerning Groton material 
has been freely drawn ; to Francis M. Boutwell, Esq., 
for assistance in locating some of the old homesteads ; 
to George D. Brigham, Esq., town clerk of Groton ; to 
Samuel A. Eddy, Esq., of Canaan, Conn. ; and to Mrs. 



6 PREFACE. 

Martha Gray of Roxbury District, Boston. For 
information on various points, the writer is indebted to 
many different members of the family. The excellent 
genealogy prepared by the Rev. John Lawrence has 
been of much assistance. 

R. M. L. 

LEXINGTON, MASS., June 23, iSSS. 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



THE LAWRENCE HOMESTEAD, GROTON, MASS. (SHOWING 

THE OLDER PART OF THE HOUSE) Frontispiece. 

ENSIGN NATHANIEL LAWRENCE'S COMMISSION . . . Opp. page 13 

OLD LAWRENCE HOUSE IN LITTLETON " " 29 

OLD LAWRENCE HOMESTEAD IN LEXINGTON .... " " 65 

DR. AND MRS. JOSEPH ADAMS " " 75 

DR. ABEL LAWRENCE " " 77 

THE LAWRENCE HOMESTEAD IN GROTON (PHOTOGRAPHED 

BY MRS. JAMES LAWRENCE) " " 108 



HISTORICAL SKETCHES OF THE 
LAWRENCE FAMILY. 



JOHN LAWRENCE, 

A native of Wisset, Suffolk County, Eng., the ancestor 
of many New-England families of the name, was 
baptized Oct. 8, 1609, and emigrated to this country 
about the year 1630. It is probable that he was 
one of the large party under Gov. Winthrop, which 
sailed from England in that year. 1 His father, whose 
name was Henry, also came to this country, and 
settled in Charlestown about 1635 ; 2 and in the same 
year, or earlier, John Lawrence became a resident of 
Watertown. He was probably married at about this 
time, but the precise date and place cannot be given. 
His wife's name was Elizabeth ; and they had thirteen 
children, of whom the greater number were born in 
Watertown. At about the age of twenty-eight, he 
was admitted a freeman. In the oldest volume of the 
Massachusetts Records is the following: "Made free 

o 

the 1 7th : 2nd month A.D. 1637 John Lawrence" 
and others. His trade was that of a carpenter. Prob- 
ably his first purchase of land in Watertown was a 
lot on the east side of Fresh Pond. He also bought 
thirty-five acres of Isaac Cummins, which the latter 
had received in the earliest general land-grants in 
1636, called the "Great Dividends." He owned, 
moreover, fifteen acres of land at " Pequusset Common," 

1 Butler's History of Groton, p. 273. 

2 Frothingham's History of Charlestown, p. 84. 



8 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

afterwards called " King's Common," in the northerly 
part of the township. On Feb. 28, 1636-7, he received a 
grant of three acres of plough-land on the west side of 
Beaver Brook, within the present borders of Waltham. 
From the Watertown lists of possessions in 1642, it 
appears that he then owned more than one hundred 
and fifty acres. His homestead was " bounded on the 
east by the highway ; north by Timothy Hawkins and 
John Hammond; west by the meadow of John Biscoe ; 
south by land of John Flemming, deceased ; wid. Dix, 
and hersonne; wid. Bartlett, and said Biscoe." 1 From 
a comparison of ancient plans with modern maps, it 
appears that this estate was situated in the present 
town of Belmont, on the west side of Common Street, 
one-fifth of a mile from its junction with Belmont 
Street, and a little north of the residence of Mr. John 
C. Palfrey. At a County Court, whose session was 
begun at Cambridge, April i, 1662, John Lawrence 
was a member of the grand jury ; and the records 
show that he was "absent in [the] October Court." 2 
On Oct. 23 of that year, he sold several pieces of 
real estate ; and on the same day " Jn. Lawrance of 
Water-Towne, Sen r . & Carpent 1 "." conveyed to John 
Biscoe his homestead above mentioned, consisting 
of a dwelling-house, barns, and other buildings, and 
thirteen acres of land, including gardens, orchards, 
pastures, meadows, and plough-land, " being the now 
mansion-place of mee the said Jn. Lawrance." 3 In 
the late autumn of 1662, as nearly as can be ascer- 
tained, he removed his residence to Groton, where his 
name appears on the records in the following Decem- 

1 Bond's History of Watertown. 2 Middlesex County Court records. 
3 Middlesex Registry of Deeds, fol. 2, p. 166. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 9 

her. His homestead in this town was situated south- 
west of Gibbet Hill, a short distance east of the First 
Parish Meeting-house, and near where Love Lane 
joins the present road to Lowell. This farm has been 
for many years the property and residence of Joseph 
F. Hall. 

As one of the early settlers of Groton, John Law- 
rence was an original land-proprietor, and owner of a 
twenty-acre right. He was twice chosen selectman, 
served also one year as a surveyor of highways, and 
was a useful and honored citizen. In the year 1664 
he became involved in a dispute with the town in 
regard to the ownership of some land, and the matter 
was finally decided as follows : 

"At a town metting vpon The 21 of the 7 mo th 1665. . . 
It was this day granted and by voate declared y* John lawranc 
sen 1 , shall quiatly posese and Inioye a parselle of land now 
in controuersey and allredey within his ffenc and a Joyning 
to his house lotte contining too acors mor or lesse bounded 
west and south by the hye way and north and east by his own 
land & granted to him as a grantiuety." 

In the Middlesex County Court records appears the 
following quaint petition T which probably refers to his 
son Peleg : 

Groton- 22 -7- 1665. 
To the Hon r ed the County Cot at Cambridge, 

Octob. 3. 65. 

The humble request of Jno Lawrence of Groton, That I 
having a son being now neere upon age & being called upon 

1 It appears that this petition had been previously sent to the General Court, 
and the latter had acted in the matter as follows : " In ansr to the petition of 
John Lawrence, the Court judgeth it meete to order the petitioner to apply 
himself to the County Court of Boston, who are hereby empowered to act 
therein as they shall see cause." (Records of Mass., vol. iv.) 



10 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

to attend service in training, I wld crave libertye to request 
that hee may be considered and if your WorsPP 5 see cause 
freed from training : his Infirmitye is a losse of more than 
two joynts on his left Thumb which is his hand he is most 
active with & [he] is much disnabled fro doing any activity 
by it : I am not unwilling in my spheare to bee beneficial to 
ye publig service, yet I psume this may be a disoblig[em]ent 
upon this ace 1 : The case of ye Lad o r chiefe officer is able to 
informe you of further & y r fore not any farther to trouble 
yo r Hon r s depending upon y r equabl determination 
I leave my selfe with you & Rest 
Yo r s Humbly engaged 

Jno' Lawrence. 

What is Aboue Expressed by Jno. Larance is the treuth 
witnes my hand James Parker. 

His wife Elizabeth died at Groton Aug. 29, 1663 ; 
and he married Nov. 2, 1664, at Charlestown, 
Susanna, daughter of William Batchelder, by whom he 
had two daughters. His death occurred at Groton, 
July 11, 1667; and his widow died July 8, 1668, at 
Charlestown. 



JOHN LAWRENCE, Junior 

(1636-1672), the oldest child of John of Wisset, Eng., 
was born in Watertown, and appears to have lived in 
Groton for a short time, but soon became a resident of 
Charlestown. In the Groton records his name appears 
but once, as follows: " [Novem.] 30 (63) John Mosse 
of Ipswitch is accepted by the Towne to pay the 
alotment of John Lawranc Juni r ." As late as Oct. 
10, 1665, the father's name has the affix "sen.," and 
the inference is, therefore, that the son did not leave 



OF TJIE LA \VKKNCE FAMILY. II 

Groton till after that date. The latter was twice 
married. 

The " Inventory of the Estatte of Jn Larance," 
taken in 1672, contains these items: " house and land 
with \vharffe ^90. ; a shallop, Roads, Anchors & 
sayls & 3 Compass & w[i]th oth[e]r nescesary things 
In the boat for it s use, ^40. Lumb[e]r, nott seen & 
fforgott 2!' The appraisers were John Penticose 
and John Burrage, both of Charlestown. The former 
was a rope-maker, and held the office of constable in 
1657. The latter was " clerk of the market" in 1658, 
and " ferryman " two years after. 

ENSIGN NATHANIEL LAWRENCE, 

The second son of John, sen., was born at Watertown, 
Oct. 15, 1639, and married at Sudbury, March 13, 
1 66 1, Sarah Morse of Dedham. They lived in 
Sudbury for some three years, 1 and then removed to 
Groton, where seven of their nine children were born. 
Nathaniel Lawrence resided for some twenty years 
on his father's homestead, at the south-west base of 
Gibbet hill. In 1683 or earlier he bought a farm on 
the " Mill-Highway," so called, now the road to Ayer, 
about three-quarters of a mile south of the centre of 
the town and near the " Indian Hills," and there made 
his home. This estate is now the residence of William 
Peabody. He was one of the original land-proprietors 
of Groton, his proportion ^being a ten-acre right; and 
he owned, besides, many parcels of land in different 
sections of the town, and later in Charlestown. He 

1 The family name does not appear in the Sudbury records previous to 1728. 



12 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

was admitted a freeman May 15, 1672. It appears 
that he followed his father's trade ; for we find in 
the Groton records, that, at a town-meeting in 1666, 
" Nathaniell Lawrenc and Samuell Woods [were] now 
agreed with to lay the planks upon the meeting [house] 
and to do them sufficiently, and they are to haue 4 s 
6 : d p ooo alowed them at the meeting rate." He was 
evidently an influential citizen, and possessed of ample 
means for those times. He was frequently elected to 
town office, and served four years as selectman, and at 
different times was chosen highway-surveyor, constable, 
and tithing-man. He likewise occupied various minor 
offices, of more or less dignity and importance, as fence- 
viewer, and overseer of swine, and was at one time 
a " commissioner to try small cases according to law." 

In 1 68 1 he was a member of a committee to give 
instructions to the selectmen ; and the latter were 
thereupon charged by the committee, among other 
things, "too tack car that there be a [sjcooll or colleg 
of laming of children the inglish tung too Red." Two 
years later, he received four shillings from the town 
for a day's service in renewing the Chelmsford line. 
At a town-meeting held the twenty-fifth day of the 
fourth month, 1683, " it was agred upon and uotyd 
that the Toown wold chos a comity for tooee pllas 
[to place] the metin house ; " and " insin Larance " was 
one of the men so chosen. He was also one of an 
important committee of three, selected on Christmas 
Day of the same year, to prove the right and title of 
the proprietors of Groton to their township. 

Nathaniel Lawrence was appointed ensign of the 
military company of Groton, by authority of the 



.4 . 



t 



&.?r*^;f^6 




OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 13 

General Court, Oct. 15, 1673. Nearly seven years 
later a commission as ensign of the same company 
was issued to him. The original document, bearing 
the autograph signature of Gov. Bradstreet, is in the 
writer's possession. It reads as follows : 

The Governor & Company of the Massachusetts Bay in New 

England. 

To Nathaniel Lawrence Ensigne under the conduct of 
James Parker, Cip'uiine. Whereas you are appointed 
Ensigne of a foote Company for his Maj 4 ^ service in the 
Towne of Groaten in the County of Midlesex in the Colony of 
the Massachusetts Bay, these are in his Maj l >' es name to autyo- 
rize and require you to take into your Care and Conduct the 
sayd Company and diligently to Intend that service by lead- 
ing and exercising your Inferior officers & souldjers in peace 
and warn Comanding them to obey you as there Ensigne 
and you to observe & obey all such orders & direchons as 
you shall receive from yr Captn or other superior officer. In 
testimony whereof the scale of this Colony is heereunto 
affixed. Dated in Boston from the iQth of May, 1680. 

By the Court, Edward Ravvson secret. 

(SEAL) Simon Bradstreet Gounr. 

Nathaniel Lawrence was chosen a deacon in the 
church about the year 1685 ; and thenceforth this 
dignified title is prefixed to his name, replacing the 
military one. The following extract was copied by 
the writer directly from a leaf of the oldest records 
of Groton, known as the " Indian Roll:" 1 

"AuoL'ST. 12. 1689. Cap 1 James Parker Left Jonas 
Prescot Decon Lawranc Sarg Jonachan Sawtall Cornelos 
church John farmvorth & Josiah Parker do Respond for the 
non Rezedents Rats to m r hobart for this yeares solory." 

1 In a proof copy of Butler's history of Groton, formerly the property of 
Amos Lawrence of Boston, is the following foot-note on p. 33: "I remember 
this roll as first found among the papers in our garret in 1807. It was deemed 
quite a curiosity. AMOS LAWRENCE. 

"BOSTON, March 15, 1848." 



14 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

? 

Nathaniel Lawrence was a representative from Groton 
to the " General Court or assembly begun at Boston 
the 8th day of June, 1692," and again in the following 
year. In the town records, under date of April 12, 
1693, is this item : 

" Know all peple by thes presenc that Nathanaeill Law- 
ranc senor hath Reseiued full satisfactione by the select men 
and Constables for sarueing the town as a Representiue at 
the two first sestione. 

I say reseiued by me Nathannil Laurance. 

Payed to Nathanail Lawranc se [senior] aight 
pounds in mony." 

In March, 1692, together with his brothers Joseph, 
Peleg, Enosh, and Jonathan, and his son John, he was 
enrolled in one of the garrisons for the defence of the 
town against the Indians. Mr. Boutwell informs me 
that the garrison-house in which Nathaniel Lawrence 
served was a short distance north of his (Lawrence's) 
dwelling-house, at the junction of the road to Ayer 
with the one leading- to Farmer's Row. He left 

o 

Groton probably in 1694, and appears to have lived in 
Concord for a short period, as his residence is so given 
in a deed of the following year. 1 Dr. Green says that 
a signature of Deacon Lawrence in the Groton records, 
under date of Feb. 18, 1695, was written by Jonas 
Prescott. " Nathannell larrance," who was chosen a 
fence-viewer in 1696, was probably his son. 

In 1698 he was settled in Charlestown, and there 
remained for some twenty-five years. At an advanced 

1 The early Concord records give no information on this point. No tax-lists 
previous to 1695 are preserved. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 15 

age he removed to Cambridge Farms, now Lexington, 
whore his son John had long resided, and there died, 
April 14, 1724, in his eighty- fifth year. His first wife, 
Sarah, died at Groton, Aug. 29, 1683. He married 

about the year 1686 Sarah ' of Groton, by whom 

he had three children. She survived him. 



JOSEPH LAWRENCE, 

The fourth son of John of Wisset, Eng., was born 
in \Yaterto\vn, May 30, 1643. He was an original 
proprietor of a five-acre right in Groton, and owned 
several other parcels of land. He was admitted a 
freeman when nearly twenty-nine years old, and was 
several times chosen a tithing-man, and once an over- 
seer of swine. He married in 1671 Rebecca , 

and had one daughter. The following is from the 
" early records of Groton : " 







att y e select mens meeting Decmbr 10 : 1689 Joseph 
Lawranc [was] agreed with to swep y e meeting house hang 
out y e flag & carry water for Baptiseng children for one 

yere : & is to haue for y l saruis y e sum of 26 s 

1 . . 06 . . oo." 

He lived near the site of the first meeting- 
house built in Groton, on the farm known as the 

1 It is difficult to ascertain the facts in regard to this second marriage. The 
county records give Hannah or Anna as the name of Nathaniel Lawrence's 
second wife ; and in the family genealogy it is stated that he married Hannah 
Tarbell, Nov. 9, 1687. But on that very day his son John married a person of the 
same name. There is, however, abundant proof that the name of Nathaniel's 
second wife was Sarah. (See Appendix, No. 6.) Among the papers on file at 
the Middlesex Probate Office is one dated April, 1724, signed, "Sarey Law- 
rence widdo to Nathanael Lawrence, Late decesd of Lexintown." 



1 6 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Shepley estate, a short distance north-east of the 
village. 

The writer has some original papers signed " Joseph 
Lawrence, his marke." Copies of them will be found 
in the appendix. 

He lived until after 1706. 

PELEG LAWRENCE, 

The sixth son of John, sen., was born in Watertown, 
Jan. 10, 1647. He was probably the " son now neere 
upon age" (1665), mentioned in a petition already 
given. When twenty-one years old he married Eliza- 
beth Morse, and had nine children. Many of their 
descendants are living in New England at the present 
day. His name first appears on the Groton records 
in 1669. In the following year he sold to his brother 
Nathaniel thirteen acres of upland lying upon Gibbet 
hill, formerly the property of his brother Joseph. (See 
Appendix, No. 4.) 

Peleg and Nathaniel Lawrence were among the 
inhabitants of Groton who sought a temporary refuge 
in Concord when their homes were destroyed by the 
Indians in 1676.* The former served two years as 
selectman, and held some minor offices. He lived 
on the farm now owned by Samuel B. Marshall, on 
the great road to Boston, about a mile east of the 
later residence of his brother Nathaniel, elsewhere 
described. Peleg Lawrence died Feb. 14, 1692. The 
following are some of the articles mentioned in the 
inventory of his estate : 

1 Butler's History of Groton, p. 86. 



Or Till-: LAWRENCE FAMILY. 17 

11 \Ve.iriug deaths ; arms, ammunition and cutlash ; Book* 
cart, ploughs, chaine, y<>ak, siths [scythes], houghs [hoes], 
spun-yarn, J steel traps, one swine." 

Sum total of inventory, ^140 45. Dated March 13, 
1693. 

Early in the following year Deacon Nathaniel Law- 
rence, Jonathan Lawrence, Stephen Holdcn, John 
Perham. and Nathaniel Lawrence, jun., " or any 
three of them (Deacon Laurrence being one)," were 
appointed " to make a Distribution of y- Houseing 
and Land & other Estate of Peleg Laurrance late of 
Groton, Deceased." 

Susanna, the youngest child, married Joseph Williams 
of Plaintield, Conn., Oct. 13, 1710. 

The following is taken from the land records of 

O 

Groton : 

" Lands Layd out to Pelleg Lawrance on the west end of 
Stonny Brook Pond. 

" (i.) Seaventy acres be it mor or Lesse Bounded as fol- 
th [:] northerly by the Lands of Serg 1 Knop and towns 
comon westerly by the Lands of Jonas Prescot Southerly 
by y e Ridge of y e hill on the south sid[e] of the Brook that 
Runes out of Spectackle Pond into Stonny brook pond and 
easterly by Stonny brook pond. (2.) forty acres be it mor 
or Lesse Bounded as ffolloweth [:] easterly p l ly by the Lands 
of Jonas Prescot westerly by the medow of Cap 1 . Parker 
northerly by the Pond at Stonney Brook and southerly by 
Nashoba Line and towns comon Land. . . . (5.) ffour acres 
and thre[e] quarters mor or" Lesse upon which his house 
standeth formerly Layd out to thomas Boyden Bounded 
southward by the Countrey highway westward with the lands 
of matthias ffarnworth sen: northward by fferney medow 
eastward by the highway." 



1 8 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 



SAMUEL LAWRENCE, 

The oldest son of Peleg, was born in Groton, Oct. 
1 6, 1671. He was appointed one of the administrators 
of his father's estate. It is probable that he removed 
to Connecticut with his younger brother Joseph about, 
the year 1707, and that he made his home in the 
northern part of Plainfield, a district which in the 
following year became the town of Killingly. His 
brother Joseph and his cousin Daniel, who went from 
Groton to this region at about the same time, settled 
in the southerly part of Plainfield, as mentioned later. 
Our information concerning Samuel Lawrence is 
derived chiefly from the following extract from the 
Middlesex Registry of Probate : 

"An Inventory of y e Goods Chattels and Credits of Samuel 
Lawrence of late a Resident in Killingsly in y e Collony of 
Connecticut who Deceased there in y e Month of May last 
Past and died Intestate. As it Was Taken by us the Sub- 
scribers being shown to us by Abigail Lawrence Relict & 
widow of y e s d Deceased. Shee now being a resident in 
Sherborn in y e County of Midd x . in y e Province of y e Massa- 
chusetts as y e full of what and so much of her s d Husbands 
estate as hath come to her hand since his Deceass. April 
y e 3 d . 1712." 

" [Here follows a list of articles.] 

" The Sum totall of this Inventory is 

^87 ... 16 . . . o. 

"Sherborn. April y e 14, 1712." 



OF THE LAWRKXCE 1-.IM1LY. 19 



MAJOR ELEAZER LAWRENCE, 

The second son of Peleg, was born in Groton, Feb. 
2.S, 1074-5, and married, about the year 1698, Mar}', 
the- eldest daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth Scrip- 
ture. by whom he had ten children. He appears to 
have lived for some years in a house in Littleton, on 
the east side of the old stage-road to Concord and 
Boston, a very short distance south of the Stony-Brook 
Railroad. The cellar of this house still remains. He 
afterwards probably built and occupied the house now 
owned by George F. Proctor, a description of which is 
elsewhere given. 

The following agreement is from the Littleton 
Proprietors' Book of Records: 

' To ail Christian People before whome these presents 
shall Come Greeting Know yee y l we whose names are under 
written hairing obtaind y e General Courts grant of a certain 
tract or parcel of Land comonly cald Nashoba which was 
long since purchasd of y e Indian Proprietors of s d Land by 
our selves & predisessors as may appear by our Sevral Deeds. 
Do by these presents mutualy agree to throw all in Cofiion 
for y e good of y e Town, & so to draw our sevral proportions 
according to our several interests & former agreements, & 
y l we do farther agree to admit as asosiates acording to 
former agreements, Paul Dudley Esq r , Addington Davenport 
Esq r , & M r . John White all of Boston & also to reserve two 
or three lots where it is most convenient for y e ministry [,] 
scoole or such other Publick uses as may be thought Propper 
to be at y e disposition of y e major part of y e Propriety, also 
to bare our proportion of all y e charge y' hath o r may arise 
on y e premises [.] To y c confirmation of which we bind & 
obliege our selves our heirs executors & administrators firmly 



20 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

by these presents [.] in witness whereof we have hereunto 
set our hands & Scale this 15 th . of Decem r 1714. Note that 
y e lands cald Powerses farm is not by this instrument 

included. 

r Signd & seald in ^ 
I presence of us [Here follow the signatures of eighteen other 

Dan' 1 Laurance proprietors, including that of] 

I Sam' 1 . Long 

" Eliezer Laurance.' 

The Daniel Lawrence who is named as a witness to 
the foregoing paper was probably the youngest son of 
Peleg. 

Eleazer Lawrence was frequently chosen moderator 
at meetings of the proprietors and townspeople, and 
also served as selectman and constable. In the book 
of records above mentioned, we find the copy of a 
warrant, dated Groton, Nov. n, 1729, signed by 
Benjamin Prescott, justice of the peace, and addressed 
to " Capt. Eleazer Laurance of Littleton, one of y e 
Proprietors of y e Common Lands In Littleton," direct- 
ing the latter to give due notification of a " meeting of 
y e Proprietors to be held at y e Dwelling House of M r 
Samuel Hunt, Inholder in Littleton on Tuesday the 
25th Day of November Currant at one of y e Clock in 
y e affternoon." He received the title of major about 
1734. A few citations from the town records are here 
given : 

" At a meeting of the Inhabitants of Littleton on the 
seuenteenth of January 1724-5, [it was] voted that there 
should be a school-master." " It was allso voated that a 
Commety be chosen to hier a School-master and Deacon 
Taylor and Leu" Lawrance and nathan Powers was Choosen 
to hier a School-master for s d Town." 



OF THE LA \\-RENCE FAMILY. 21 

At a town-meeting, Nov. 20, 1727, 

"Voted to Cap 4 Lawrance fourteen shillings for birds 
heads." 

Dec. S, 1729, it was voted, 

" That the Town will hier a scull master that belongs to 
s d Town for to keep scoll for s d Town ; noted that Cap 1 
Elczer Lawrence and decon caleb Taylor and Benjamin Hore 
be a Committey to hier one for s d Town in seasen." 

" Littleton, January y e nth 1730-31. At a. meeting of 
the freeholders & other Inhabitents of Littleton votable as 
y e Law Directs and met on y e Day afores d , Cap 1 Eleaz r 
Lawriance [was chosen one of a committee] to Supplye y e 
pulpit with a minister or ministers for two months ensuing." 

At a town-meeting, March 5, 1743, he was chosen 
"to see that y e streems.be keept open acording to Law 
for kctchinQf of Fich.' 

O 

Major Eleazer Lawrence died at Pepperell, March 9, 
1754, aged eighty years. His will was dated Dec. 29, 
1749, and was probated Jan. 13, 1755. His wife and 
son, David, were appointed executors. The document 
bears the signature " Elaza Lawrance." 



DEACON PELEG LAWRENCE, 

The oldest son of Eleazer, and grandson of Peleg, sen., 
was born in Groton, Juneji, 1701. He was admitted 
a voter in Littleton in 1738, 'but did not long reside 

1 Peleg Lawrence and other citizens of Groton, who lived in the south-east 
part of the township, petitioned the General Court to be set off with their 
estates to Littleton. Their petition was granted Jan. 4, 1738-9. The former 
boundary between Nashobah, afterwards Littleton, and Groton was then replaced 
by the present line between the two to\vn~. 



22 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

in that town. He removed to Groton West Parish, 
afterwards Pepperell, where he became actively inter- 
ested in town and church affairs. He served as 
selectman of Groton three years, and was twice chosen 
deer-reeve. 

In the church records we find the following : 

"Groton West Parish, Sep r y e 6th 1743. At a meeting 
of s d Parish Held by Adjournment at the house of m r James 
Lawrance in s d Parish [;] When assembled ... [it was] 
voted to hier Preeching from y e first Sabbath in Nov 1 ' till 
the Last Sabbath in April next. Voted and chose Jerem 
Laurence Peleg Laurence and Moses Woods a Com tee to hire 
Preaching in s d Parish." 

"At a crm" meeting at the meeting-House, Aug : 23 1754, 
voted to choose two Deacons, unanimously made choice of 
Brother Peleg Lawrence for the first." 

His letter of acceptance was read publicly in 
October following. The writer has a copy of this 
document. Deacon Peleg Lawrence died Sept. 4, 

I757- 

DR. EPHRAIM LAWRENCE 

(1735-1809), the second son of Deacon Peleg, and 
great-grandson of Peleg, sen., was chosen a selectman 
of Pepperell in 1761 ; and during the twenty years 
next ensuing his name frequently appears on the 
records as a participant in the public affairs of the 
district, and later in those of the town. For many 
years he was a member of the standing committee of 
the church, and he was often appointed a delegate to 
attend ordinations and meetings of ecclesiastical coun- 
cils. Dr. Ephraim Lawrence practised medicine in 



OF Till-: LAWRENCE l.\^fILY. 23 

nerdl. On Jan. i i, 1773, he \vas chosen one of a 
committee of niiv " to communicate the sentiments 
of this district to the committee of Boston." The 
ivp<>rt of the former committee, to which his signature 
was appended, sufficiently attests his patriotism in 
ante-Revolutionary (.lays. In this connection we may 
remark, that, so far as we have been able to ascertain, 
very few of the descendants of John Lawrence of 
\Visset, Eng., who were living in those exciting times, 
ever manifested any sympathy with the Tory cause. 
One or two notable exceptions serve only to prove the 
rule. 

CAPT. ASA LAWRENCE, 

The youngest son of Deacon Peleg, and grandson of 
Major Eleazer, was born June 14, 1737, and was 
married at Littleton, July 27, 1757, to Abigail King, by 
the Rev. Daniel Rogers. They had ten children. Asa 
Lawrence probably passed his youth and the early 
years of his married life in Pepperell district, where 
his father had settled ; but previous to the Revolution, 
he removed to Groton, where he lived in a house about 
one mile east of the village. 1 This was the birthplace 
of most of his children. As captain of one of the 
Groton companies of minute-men, he hastened with 
the men of his command to Cambridge, when the 
Lexington alarm was sounded, and later, with his men, 
fought at Bunker Hill. His name appears on the 
" Coat- Rolls" (.Mass. Revol. Muster Rolls), which is 
evidence of eight months' service. He also took part 

1 Capt. Asa Lawrence and his wife were " received from Pepperell," Sept. 
4, 1774. (Groton Church Records.) 



24 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

in some of the earlier campaigns of the war. Capt. 
Asa Lawrence died Jan. 16, 1804. 



JONATHAN LAWRENCE 

(1703-1789), the second son of Eleazer, and grandson 
of Peleg, sen., was twice married, and had a large 
family of children. We find mention of himself and 
of his brothers in the Littleton records, as follows : 

> 
"January the 8th 1738; voted that peleg Lawrance, 

Jonathan Lawrance, Eleazer Lawrance, Samuel Lawrance 
and. John Farwell, that y e Town Except [accept] the said 
persons to be inhabitants and voters of Said Town." 

We select one more item of interest relating to 
him : 

" Littleton, may y e 22 d . 1753. [It was] Proposed to y e 
Town wheather thay will give m r Jonathon Lawranc Twenty 
Shillings for Killing of three wolves that he has Killed y e 
year past & it was voted & it Past In y e affermitive." " Then 
Proposed wheather the Town will give m r Jonathan Law- 
rance & m r Richard King Liberty to bu[i]ld a Pew over y e 
womens stairs in y e meeting House [.] voted and past In the 
negative." 

Jonathan Lawrence * was chosen a deacon of the 
church in 1763. He served also as a selectman and 
town treasurer of Littleton, and occupied various 
responsible positions. He died in 1789, aet. eighty- 
six. 

1 The name of Jonathan Lawrence of Littleton appears in a muster-roll of 
Capt. Aaron Bullard's company in Col. Samuel Bullard's regiment, Dec. 30, 
1777. (Mass. Revol. Muster Rolls, vol. 20, p. 96.) 



OF THE fAU'RENCE FAMILY. 25 



JONATHAN LAWRENCE, Junior 

( 1728-1775), of Littleton, eldest child of the preceding-, 
ami great-grandson of Peleg, sen., enlisted as a soldier 
in 1748. On July 10 of that year, while with a small 
party en route between the towns of Northfield, Mass., 
and Ashuelot, N.H., they were attacked by French 
and Indians, in the vicinity of Fort Dummer. Two 
were killed, and nine, including Jonathan Lawrence, 
jun., were made captives. 

" They lost every thing of value which they had with them, 
and were taken to Canada and sold to the French, who 
retained them until the ist of October, when they were 
released and allowed to return home." ' 



CAPT. DAVID LAWRENCE, 

The third son of Eleazer, and grandson of Peleg, sen., 
was born Dec. 26, 1705, and married Hannah Sawtell. 
He was a worthy citizen of Littleton. In 1755 he was 
chosen collector for the proprietors of the common 
lands. He had the rank and title of captain in the 
militia. He was admitted to full communion in 
the church Dec. 27, 1761. In 1779 Capt. David 
Lawn-ncc was a member of a committee to provide for 
the families of the Continental soldiers. He died 
Sept. 28, 1790, aged eighty-four. 

1 1 1 i-tory of Eastern Vermont. By Benjamin H. Hall. 1858. p 50. 



26 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 



DEACON DAVID LAWRENCE, Junior, 

The only child of the preceding, and great-grandson of 
Peleg, sen., was born in Littleton in 1762. He was a 
man of scholarly tastes and of good education. He 
was quite prominent in town affairs, occupying at dif- 
ferent times the positions of selectman, assessor, town 
clerk, constable, school-committee man, and " vendue 
master." He was also a justice of the peace, and a 
lieutenant in the militia. One of his descendants 
writes as follows : 

" My grandfather, Deacon David Lawrence of Littleton, 
grandson of Capt. Eleazer Lawrence, studied law at Concord, 
Mass. In the old home, beside the old clock in the sitting- 
room, was a bed which by day was put up and enclosed by 
doors. In this bed one night Deacon Lawrence was awak- 
ened by a call from without of a couple who had come to be 
married. He arose, dressed, and at the open window, he 
within and they without, performed the marriage ceremony ; 
and the twain departed, no longer two, but one. Grandfather 
once took charge of the services at the ' meeting-house,' 

o o 

where he was a deacon. A minister from Stow was expected, 
who did not come ; and Deacon Lawrence went into the 
pulpit, gave out the hymn, offered prayer, and read a sermon. 
He always conducted family worship in his own house. 
Grandfather was a courtly man, very hospitable, entertaining 
many distinguished persons at his home. He always wore 
his hair combed straight back off his forehead, and at one 
time always in a queue. Being once at the house of his 
brother-in-law (Dr. Daniel Adams), at Keene, N.H., the doctor 
teased, him about the queue, and just before he was to set off 
for home, went behind him with a pair of sheep-shears, and 
severed half of the queue from his head, thus necessitating 
the giving up of the remainder. 



OF THE I.AlVkEXCE FAMILY. 27 

"Grandfather was not tall, rather stout, full face, blue 
eyes, hair turned early. a mark, I believe, belonging to 

the family. He was fond of books, and of wit and repartee. 
In his later years, however, from the condition of his health 
: liver, etc.), he became more serious." 

Deacon David Lawrence died in Littleton, March 
29, iS27, in the sixty-sixth year of his age. 

The following- letter was written by Deacon David 
Lawrence to his sister-in-law, Miss Lovey Adams of 
Lincoln, and is interesting from its quaint description 
of the conduct of an ardent lover. 

LITTLETON, Feb. 26, 1803. 

DEAR SISTER, To an observing mind, the various occur- 
rences of life, and the different characters which are dis- 
played, afford constant instruction, and open a large field for 
inquiring into the motives, the designs, and the successes of 
men. 

'Tis natural for a rational being to make observations on 
the conduct of others ; and I think we may thereby gain 
some very useful lessons, and furnish ourselves with some of 
the most valuable materials to form our own characters, and 
assist us in our journey through life. To gain any object in 
this life, which is worth gaining, requires all our attention in 
the pursuit. We are not formed to attend to many things at 
once, and the person who makes the attempt seldom attends 
to any thing as he ought. Me is said to be a good student, 
whose whole attention is fixed on his studies. Whenever I 
see a man whose mind, and, as it were, his very soul is 
engaged in the pursuit of some desired object, I cannot but 
wish him success. . . . 

Now, you must know I hate to be questioned and teased 
all the time with -'Where is Lovey? " etc. There was one 
of these inquirers I could not but take notice of, and confess 



28 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

I could not help pitying him ; for he appeared to be in rather 
a slender state of health, and I was in fear that his disap- 
pointment would have been too much for him. I found out 
that he had seen you somewhere in his travels, and he had 
taken a long journey to see you once more. I suppose he 
wished to see if your countenance was altered, or some such 
thing. I don't know what, not I. After he found you were 
not here, we could not persuade him to tarry, although it 
was evening ; and he had liked to have gone away and left 
his hat. He did leave his whip ; and when I gave it to him 
at the door, he turned the mistake very well, for he said he 
left it to "whip Lovey with." 

Now, in the name of all that is comical, what should he 
wish to whip you for? Have you ever injured him? Or 
what is the matter ? 

There seems to be some mystery. The man appeared to 
be agitated, and I fear you have injured him some way or 
other. He had been to Boston ; for it seems he is a trader, 
and was on his way home. He appeared to be an agreeable 
man and of good understanding, if he had been in his right 
mind : but he appeared rather deranged, and I believe he felt 
just as I have in former times; that is, all over at once, and 
then in spots again. 

Do explain all this to me. 

He or somebody else will be here again in two or three 
weeks. 

You must come back, Love. 

Good-by. Patty sends love to you, and so does your 

brother, 

LAWRENCE. 




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OF TIH- LAWRENCE FAMILY. 29 

THE "OLD LAWRENCE FARM" AND LANDS 

IN LITTLETON. 

Moiv than two hundred years ago Pelcg Lawrence 
purchased from the Nasholnih Indians a tract of land 
adjacent to the south-eastern boundary of old Groton 
township, and now in Littleton. He also owned 
other lands in the neighborhood. On April i, 1717, 
Capt. Jonathan Prescott, " Prof of Phyfsick] & 
Chir[urgery |," Capt. Joseph Bulklcy of Concord, and 
Isaac Powers, a committee of the Littleton proprietors, 
conveyed by a deed to Eleazer Lawrence one hundred 
and twenty-three acres of land in the north-west part 
of Littleton, of which eighty-eight acres were for a 
house-lot " whereon the saw-mill now stands." ' 

Again, in the year 1728, Eleazer Lawrence pur- 
chased of Robert Robbins all of the latter's real 
estate in Littleton ; and twenty years afterwards he 
conveyed to his son, Capt. David Lawrence, the home- 
stead, with one hundred and thirty acres of land, of 
which the north-western boundary was " Groton old 
line," -"always reserving to my own use and to 
the use and improvement of Mary my wife and to the 
Longest Liver of us the Improvement of the Dwelling 
I now live in and the Barn and all the Land that is 
nw under my improvement." The above extracts 
have been selected, because, together with facts men- 
tioned later, they seem to prove conclusively that the 
homestead just described "is identical with the place 
in Littleton still known as the " old Lawrence Farm," 
which originally extended northerly as far as Forge 
Pond. 

1 Middlesex Registry of Deeds, vol. xix. p. 258. 



30 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Capt. David Lawrence lived in a house now standing, 
on what was formerly the stage-road to Keene, N.H., 
about a mile from the present Groton line, and very 
near the old boundary. This house is, without doubt, 
a very ancient structure, and its venerable aspect 
cannot fail to arrest the attention of the traveller. 
Mr. Boutwell, in a recent letter to the writer, says, 

" Peleg Lawrence's lands near Forge and Spectacle Ponds 
were all around the old house which you visited. The record 
[1683] gives the Nashobah line as south of these lands. It 
is not improbable that Peleg Lawrence built the old house 
for his son Eleazer." 

During recent personal interviews with several 
descendants of Eleazer Lawrence, various interesting 
facts have been obtained. 

Mrs. Martha Gray, the eldest child of Mrs. Lovey 
Adams (Lawrence) Clark, 1 who was a daughter of 
Deacon David Lawrence, jun., of Littleton, has a 
handsome hall clock, with a brass face, made by 
Nathaniel Mulliken of Lexington. This clock was in 
the old Littleton house, and had been standing there 
for many years, when Deacon David Lawrence, jun., 
who was married Dec. 23, 1790, brought home his 
bride (Patty Adams of Lincoln) to the old house, 
which he had inherited on his father's death some 
three months before. Afterwards the house was 



1 Moses Clark, born at Warren, N.Y., Jan. 24, 1803, married, Oct. 7, 1824. 
Lovey Adams Lawrence, who was born at Littleton, July 31, 1795, and who 
died May 28, 1863. Their oldest child, Martha Lawrence Clark, was born at 
Boston, Mass., Oct. 23, 1825, and married, Nov. 20, 1867, David Bancroft Gray 
of Chicago, 111. They reside in Roxbury District, Boston. 



OF Till-. LAWRENCE I-.l.MILY. 31 

occupied l>y their eldest son, Mr. George Lawrence, 
and his family; and on his decease in 1848 it was 
sold to the Ri-v. Amasa Sanderson, pastor of the 
n.iptist church in Littleton. 

A few years subsequently it was purchased by Mr. 
George F. Proctor, the present owner. Mrs. Gray 
has a small oil painting' representing the house as it 
appeared about the year 1847. At the present time 
the upper portion of the building is occupied as a 
dwelling, and the lower floor is used for storage 
purposes. 

Very few of the descendants of Eleazer Lawrence 
now reside in Littleton. On a recent visit there the 
writer met the widow of George Lawrence, who was 
the oldest child of David, jun. Her maiden name 
was Rebecca Merriam, of Concord, Mass. Although 
eighty-seven years of age, and quite blind, her memory 
is still clear. Two of her children, Eliza Jane (Hart- 
well) and Charles M. Lawrence, live in Littleton. 

LIEUT. ELEAZER LAWRENCE, 

The fourth son of Major Eleazer, and grandson of 
Peleg, sen., was born about the year 1708, and was 
admitted a voter in Littleton in 1738. His name 
appears frequently on the town records. He served 
as constable and highway surveyor, and was a resident 
of Littleton as late as the year 1767. Not long 
after this date he removed to Westford, and there 
occupied the " Boutwell Brook place," so called. The 
brook from which the name of his home was derived, 
and near which it was situated, was once a chiet 



32 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

outlet of Forge Pond, but now only drains Boutwell's 
meadow, and flows into Stony Brook at Graniteville. 1 

In the year 1755, Eleazer Lawrence received from 
Gov. Shirley a lieutenant's commission. The original 
of the following letter is now (1888) in the possession 
of Miss Grace Lawrence of Forge Village, Mass., a 
great-granddaughter of Lieut. Eleazer, and daughter 
of Capt. David Prescott Lawrence, who died in 1885. 

Boston June 20. 1755. 

Sir, Having Commissionated you to be Lieutenant of a 
Company of thirty Voluntiers, to be Constantly employed 
as a Scout, 

You must take care to inlist into your Company none but 
able Bodied Effective men, and that they be well appointed 
as to Arms and Amunition and you must keep in Constant 
Duty of Scouting (saving what Time may be necessary for 
natural Refreshment) and you must consult and pursue the 
best measures you can for the Surprizing, captivating and 
destroying the Indian Enemy, but must kill none in Cold 
Blood or after you have made them Captive. 

You are not so strictly obliged to keep the Rout between 
the Rivers of Connecticut and Merrimack but that upon 
advices of any Particular advantages likely to be had by 
your going out of these Lines for some little distance and 
Time, you have liberty to improve such advantages as they 
may Occur. 

You must keep as exact a Journal of your Proceedings as 
your Circumstances will admit of, and see that your Ensign 
do the same, and that Copies thereof be returned into the 
Secretarys Office, to be laid before me once a Month if you 
have Opportunity to send them. 

Your Friend and Servant 

W. Shirley. 
Lieutenant Eleazer Lawrance. 

1 Hodgman's History of Westford. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 33 

The "Journal" kept during the month of July, 1/55, 
in accordance with the above instructions, is to be 
found in the Massachusetts Archives, Vol. 38 A, 
p. 172. A verbatim copy is here given : 

A Jornal of our Scouting in His majestys Sarvise 
v ve[e]n The Rieverof Coneticut and marimack Begun the 
3 th Day of July A.D'. 1755. Scout[e]d from Luningburge 
to Dochester Canada [Ashburnham, Mass.] Then to 
Ipswich Canada [Winchendon, Mass.] Scouted y e 4 Day 
Into the woods and then to Dochester y e 6 & 7 th Days to 
New Ipswich and so to Dochester[.] y e 9 th Day Scouted 
to Ipswich Canada[,] y e io th to Perquage [Athol, Mass.] 
y e ii to Northfield[,] y e 12 th to Winchester [N.H.] y e 13 
to y e South of mcnadnack[,] y e 14 to Ipswich Canada[,] 
y e 15 th to Dochester Canada[,] y e 17 th Day Divided y e Scout 
& Scouted one Part to Rouly Canada [Rindge, N.H.] & the 
other part to Wacetateck. y e i8 th to Dochester Canada and 
from thence to Ipswich Canada[.] Scouted out Northard 
into Ipswich Canada[,] y e 2 I th Day to Perquage and Left 
Ten men There and y e 22 th Day Scouted Back to Ipswich 
Canada and y e 23 th Day to Dochester Canada[,] y e 24 th 
Scoutd X T orthard to Ipswich Canada[,] y e 25 th Scouted 
Xorthard and so to East End of Dochester Canada[,] y e 
26 th Divided the Scout and Scouted to Winchester and to 
Perquage y e 27 th . Sunday y e 28 scouted Northward in 
Dochester[,] y e 29 th Scoutd Eastward in Dochester Canada[,] 
y e 3O th Scoutd Southward in Dochester[,] y e 3i st to Ipswich 
Canada and this Day we Descovered A Small Number of 
Tracks suposccl to be Indian Tracks and followed four or five 
miles and found the bushes Cut up and bent Down In Sun- 
drey Places as y e uscull mannur of y e Indians is when they 
Traull [travel] upon the Descovrey &c. 

azcr Lawrance 

August y e first \ 

Commander of said Scout t. 



34 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Lieut. Eleazer Lawrence was twice married, and had 
fourteen children. He died probably in 1788, as the 
inventory of his estate is dated Sept. 1 7 of that year. 

SAMUEL LAWRENCE, 

The youngest son of Major Eleazer, and grandson of 
Peleg, sen., was born May 2, 1714, and was admitted 
a voter in Littleton, Jan. 8, 1738. About three years 
afterwards he removed to Westford, where he lived 
for many years. After the death of his wife (Mary 
Hildreth) in 1788, he removed to Ashby, where his 
sons Samuel, jun., and Charles were living. Two 
other sons Joseph and William were residents of 
Littleton in the latter part of the Revolution ; and 
"John Lawrence of Littleton" (probably his fourth 
son) was killed in the battle of Bunker Hill, June 17, 
1775. (Mass. Revol. Muster- Rolls : "Coat-Rolls.") 
Samuel Lawrence died in Ashby, probably in 1789. 

JOSEPH LAWRENCE, 

The fifth son of Peleg, was born in Groton, June 12, 
1688. He removed about the year 1707 to Plainfield, 
in what is now Windham County, Conn. In the 
records of this town his name first appears under date 
of Jan. 28, 1708-9, when the town 

"Voated that Joshua Wheeler and Joseph Larrance shall 
be free from Town Rats for time to come as to their heads." 

He sold his real estate in Groton, Jan. 10, 1710, as 
appears from deeds of that date. The following is an 
abstract of one of them : 



OF THE L.lll'REXCE J-'.LV/L ). 35 

"Joseph Larrance of Plainfield in y e County of New- 
London within her Majesties Province of Connecticut in 
New-Kngkind" sells to Jonathan Hoyden "one home-lot 
which hath a four acres right, bounded as followeth : South- 
erly by Land of Enosh Larrances, a Row of apple Trees w ch 
are Sweetings Standing in the Line, Easterly partly by 
Lands of Enosh Larrance & partly by Land of John Shiplie, 
northerly [by] the Highway which goeth down over halfe 
moon Bridge and Westerly upon y e Town Commons." 

From the Plainfield "land-grants" we find that 
Benjamin Palmer deeded to Joseph Lawrence, yeoman, 
Nov. 20, 1712, a house-lot and fifty acres of land. In 
his new home he shortly became actively engaged in 
town business, and was chosen a field-driver in 1713, 
and later served as surveyor of highways, and as a 
member of the grand jury for the county of Windham. 
At a town-meeting, Dec. 13, 1720, it was 

"Voated that Joseph Lawrance Do take care of the Boyes 
and Gerls on sabath Dayes, to Restraine them from playing 
and profaining the sabath or Doing any Damage in the 
meating house by opening the windows or anywise Damnafy- 
ing the Glass, and that the Boyes be seated in the two hind 
seats in the side Galleries of the mens side and the Gerls 
in the two hind seats on the womens side." Also voted 
"that the negroes [do sit] in the last or hind seats in the 
Body of seats, the male negrows behind the Boyes and the 
feemale negrows behind the Geirls." Plainficld Toicn 
Records, vol. i., pp. 93-94. 

At a meeting held Dec. 8, 1725, Joseph Lawrence 
was chosen one of a committee " to proportion and 
equalise y e Charge for The schooling y e children y e 



36 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

last quarter of y e year past." On Feb. 23, 1727-8, 
Joseph Lawrence was chosen to receive the " penelty 
exacted as y e law directs on all the proprioters that 
Doe nott sett up soficant Bounds to each mans lot 
of fence." 

From the " records of the Church of Christ in Plain- 
field," we find that Joseph Lawrence signed the church 
covenant Jan. 5, 1751, and the name of his wife 
appears in a list of " Females who renewed y cove- 
nant " on the same day. 

He married Mary- , probably in 1713, and had 

a son Thomas, born Feb. i, 1714-5, and a daughter 
Mary, born Jan. 27, 1727-8. 

Joseph Lawrence died July n, 1756. By his will, 
dated the previous day, the widow was appointed 
administratrix. (Plainfield District Probate records, 
Vol. C., p. 108.) A few items from the inventory of 
his estate are here given : - 

"All wool coat 13 shillings ; Brown Holland Jacot, 2s 6d ; 
one pair of Leather Britches & Neebuckels 5s; 2 pair of toe 
Britches, 2s ; 2 New toe shirts, 6s 6d ; a sault morter is; 
2 psalm Books & other Small Books of Devenity, 45 ; a Great 
Byble, 8s." 

The inventory of the widow Mary Lawrence, dated 
Oct. 5, 1769, contains the following: 

" One checked Aproon 33 6d ; one old Aproon and 
checked handkerchief is; one velvet whood 2s 6d ; a large 
Bowl 2s; a tray is6d; Morter, Pessel & rolling-pin i/s Sd ; 
Silver Bows for Specks is ; a Cow that now Appears to be 
worth ^3 ; but as she was Last Spring 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 



THOMAS LAWRENCE, 

A son of Joseph, and grandson of Peleg, sen., was 
born in Plainfield, Feb. i, 1714-15, and held several 
minor town offices. He married Sarah - -, and had 
three sons (Joseph, Thomas, and Josiah) and five 
daughters (Abigail, Experience, Relief, Sarah, and 
Priscilla). We quote from the town records : 

" At a Freemans meeting Legaly Warned in plainfield 
September y c 12 th Day, 1749 . . . Thomas Lawrence [and] 
Gideon Lawrence were admitted to Be Freemen [and] to vote 
in Town meetings and took y e Freemans oath." 

Thomas Lawrence died in 1754. The inventory of 
his estate, dated Nov. 16 of that year, contains these 
items: 

"To his Best Coat with Silver Buttons 17. los ; to a 
Brown hollon shirt 2 ; to a pair of Brown Hollon Britches, 
i, ios to y e Best Bed, Bedsted, Cord & all y e furniture Be- 
longing to it, ,36.193 ; to y e Red Chist, Lock and Kee, $, 
ios. to a nother old Chist i. ios ; to a Little speckled Box, 
Lock & Kee, i, 155; to one Porringer and Pewter gill pott, 
155 ; to a punch Bool, ros ; to an Earthen Jugg ; to 2 pair of 
Knipers to pool teeth 2. to a small brass Kittle & Brass 
Skillit 5. Brandin Iron 305 ; to y e Poriclge-pot & old Iron 
Kittle 2. 55 ; to an old Brass Inkhorn 55 ; to 3 pails & a 
piggen \, 75 ; to a Ceadar Kceler, ios ; to y c young Black 
M:tir f)S ; to y e young spotted Mair ^70; to y c old Brown 
Cow 20 ; to y e old Red Cow 20 ; to y e Brindle Cow ^20 ; 
to a Desperate Debt to one Note of hand from Stephen Pot- 
ter of New london for y e sum of ^100. old Tenor, 100. 



38 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

The following things for y e Families use : to 2 fat hogs 20 ; 
to a two advantage Heighfer ^13 ; to 6 Bushels of Corn 
to 2 Bushels of Rye, ^3 ; to 10 Bushels of oath 



Eleazer Cady j Apprizers" 
James Bradford ( 

From Plainfield District Probate Records, Vol. A, p. 13. 

During a recent visit to Plainfield, the writer was 
able to identify approximately the location of the 
farms where the Lawrences lived. They were in the 
southerly part of the township, in the broad level 
valley or plain from which the name of the district is 
derived. This valley is bounded on either side by 
ranges of hills dividing Plainfield from Sterling on the 
east, and from Canterbury on the west. Some of 
the descendants of Joseph and Daniel Lawrence 
continued to reside here until Revolutionary times ; 
but after the year 1793, the name does not appear on 
the town records. 

ENOSH LAWRENCE 

(1649-1744), the seventh son of John of Wisset, Eng. 
was born in Watertown. He married the widow 
Ruth (Whitney) Shattuck, 1 March 6, 1676-7, and had 
four sons. Soon after his marriage he removed to 
Groton, and settled in the north part of the town. The 
exact location of his house is not now known. He 
served the town as a surveyor of highways, tithing- 
man and fence-viewer. He was also chosen a " hog 
constable" in 1691. In the year 1702 the Provincial 
authorities granted him immunity from taxation, and a 

1 Watertown Records. 



OF Till- LAWRENCE J-.lMlf.Y. 3'' 

pension of three pounds sterling yearly, on account of 
physical disability contracted in an encounter with the 
savages during Kincr William's war. He lived to 

o o o 

extreme old ag<-. 

The following description of a portion of his real 
estate is from the third volume of Groton Land 
Records : 

"The Lands of Enosh Lawrence : (i) His houslot Ninteen 
acres mor or Lesse Bounded east upon his own mcdow and 
on all other poynts by the high wayes[;] twelve and a half of 
this land he had of his Brother Zachary and Seavin acres he 
had of his Brother Joseph Lawrance." 

Enosh Lawrence had also twenty-five acres " near 
the Silver mine," ten acres at Babbitasset, and three 
acres and a half in Half-Moon meadow. 



NATHANIEL LAWRENCE, 

The oldest son of Enosh, and grandson of John, sen., 
was born in Watertown, Feb. 21, 1677-8. He married 
Anna Scripture about the year 17.01, and had a large 
family. In the Groton records, May 8, 1705, he is 
called "sergeant." He was chosen constable in 1711, 
and afterwards served as surveyor of highways and 
tithingman. He died in Groton in 1765. 

CAPT. JAMES LAWRENCE 

(1704-1800), the second son of Nathaniel, and grand- 
son of Enosh, was a resident of Groton West Parish, 
and was chosen one of the standing committee of the 



40 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

parish at its first meeting in 1742. The second meet- 
ing was held at his house. In 1745 and 1746 he served 
as selectman. He attained the age of ninety-six years. 
His eldest son, JAMES LAWRENCE, Jim., was first lieu- 
tenant of the eighth company in Col. Eleazer Brooks' 
regiment of Middlesex militia in 1776, and his young- 
est son, Capt. BENJAMIN LAWRENCE, was a selectman 
of Pepperell in 1786 and 1787. 

ENSIGN ENOSH LAWRENCE, 

The third son of Nathaniel, and grandson of Enosh, 
was born in Groton, Nov. 15, 1710, and married Sarah 
Stevens Jan. 29, 1733-4. He lived for a time, accord- 
ing to Mr. Butler, in what is now the village of East 
Pepperell, and his house was sometimes used as a place 
of worship before the erection of a church-building. 
In the year 1749 he removed to Mason, N.H. ; and we 
learn from a report of a committee of the proprietors 
of that town, that in November, 1753, Enosh Lawrence 
had built a house there. In July next ensuing he was 
chosen one of a committee " to provide preaching as 
far as one hundred pounds old tenor goes." The first 
tax-list of Mason is dated Jan. 28, 1769, and contains 
the names of Ensign Enosh Lawrence, his sons Sam- 
uel, Richard, and Lieut. Enosh, jun., and also the name 
of Capt. Amos Lawrence of Groton, the father of Major 
Samuel. Col. William Lawrence, elder brother of 
Capt. Amos, had a house and barn and about ten acres 
of cleared land in Mason as early as the year 1753.' 
Enosh Lawrence died Sept. 28, 1778. 

1 Hill's History of Mason, N.H. 



Ol>' Till' LAWRENCE /-.I. \fILY. 4 1 

ZECHARIAH, Junior, AND JEREMIAH, 

Grandsons of Enosh Lawrence, sen., were residents 
of Groton West Parish, afterwards Pepperell, and were 
actively engaged in the public business of the town 
and church. 1 The former was elected " one of the 
hog -men' and pound - keeper, and the latter was 
" chosen to sustain the office of a Deacon," Jan. 
II, I747-S. 



LIEUT. BENJAMIN LAWRENCE, Junior 

(1746-1824), a grandson of Nathaniel, and great- 
grandson of Enosh, was born in Groton, and in 1/78 
married Rebecca Woods of Pepperell. Ten years 
later he removed to Jaffrey, N.H., where he settled 
in the vicinity of Thorndike Pond, north-east of the 
village, on a homestead now or recently occupied by a 
great-grandson, Frederick J. Lawrence. 

Lieut. Benjamin Lawrence was a soldier of the 
Revolution. He is described as a strong man, bodily 
and mentally, and a successful farmer. He built and 
owned one of the first cider-mills in the neighborhood. 
Before the construction of these mills, cider was made 
by pounding the apples in a wooden mortar, and press- 
ing them in a cheese-press. His ten children all lived 
to mature age, and most of them had families. His 
second son Artemas was a blacksmith in Jaffrey, and 
a member of the company which built the Cheshire 
factory. His son Moody Lawrence was an " inn- 
keeper, auctioneer, sexton, and deputy-sheriff." 

1 See Butler's History, pp. 305 and 317. 

* The above information concerning the Lawrences of Jaffrey, N.II., has been 
derived chiefly from a history of that town written by Daniel B. Cutter, M.I). 



42 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

CAPT. DANIEL LAWRENCE, 

The second son of Enosh, was born in Groton, Mass., 

March 7, 1681, and married Sarah about the year 

1701. He and his wife "owned the baptismal cove- 
nant," Oct. 5, 1707, and shortly thereafter removed to 
Plainfield, Conn., with their sons, Daniel, jim., Isaac, 
and Jeremiah. A daughter Sarah was born Oct. 7, 
1709. Mrs. Sarah Lawrence died Jan. 26, 1711-12, 
and he married Hannah Jewell Nov. 5, 1712, by whom 
he had two sons (Gideon and Nathaniel), and three 
daughters (Mary, Hannah, and Ruth). Mrs. Hannah 
Lawrence died after the year 1 720, and Daniel Lawrence 
married for his third wife Sarah Williams, March 4, 
1724-5, and had' two sons (John and Asa), and five 
daughters (Elizabeth, Annie, Hester, Ellis, and Eunice). 
At a town-meeting in Plainfield, Dec. 27, 1709, Daniel 
Lawrence was chosen a " sirvayor of highways," and 
" Liberty was granted to him to voat in Town meet- 
ings." On Sept. 22, 1720, he was a member of a 
committee chosen 

" To seat the meating house as followeth, viz : To place 
y e Antiens men according to there age and there wives 
equall ; and seat the Rest according to there estats and 
according to what they have paid to the buelding scl 
house." 

Danisl Lawrence served as selectman of Plainfield 
fifteen years, his first term of service being in 1716. 
In 1723 he was a deputy from Plainfield to the 
" General Assembly at Hartford " (Colonial records of 
Connecticut, vol. vi.). In 1729 he was charged with 



OF THE LA\\'RK.\C1-: ] \MILY. 43 

thr duty of removing " all Incumbrances on y c publick 
Rhoads In this Town." He was called " sergeant" at 
thi s time, and in i 735 he received the title of " captain.' 
On fan. 4 he purchased from the State of Connecticut 
a right or share in the new township of Canaan (see 
Appendix, No. 17), and sold it at a profit to David 
Whitney some weeks afterwards. In the Plainfield 
Land Grants is recorded the sale, Dec. 4, 1738, of a 
piece of land by Daniel Lawrence (jun.) of Canaan to 
C.ipt. Daniel Lawrence of Plainfield. It is certain 
that the latter did not permanently settle in Canaan 
until several years after the removal thither of his sons 
Daniel, jun., and Isaac. In December, 1740, Capt. 
Lawrence was chosen moderator of a town-meeting in 
Plainfield, and in the same month of the next year he 
was chosen a surveyor of highways there. Probably 
in the latter part of 1742 he removed to Canaan, and 
in January, 1743, he was admitted a member of the 
First Church in that town, together with his wife 
and daughter Elizabeth. On Dec. 4, 1/44, he was 
admitted a "Town Inhabitant" of Canaan, and 
continued to reside there for many years. He died 
May 8, 1777, aged ninety-six years. 

DANIEL LAWRENCE, Junior. 

The eldest son of Capt. Daniel, and grandson of Enosh, 
was born in Groton, Mass., April 22, 1702, and married 
in Plainfield, Conn., May 31, 1725, Rachel Kingsbury. 
The fruits of this marriage were three sons (Nathaniel, 
Gideon, and Rufus) and five daughters (Rachel, Sibyl, 
Sarah, Lois, and Esther). Daniel Lawrence, jun.. was 



44 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

accorded the privilege of voting at town-meetings in 
Plainfield in the year 1730. The records of the 
proprietors of Canaan show that he bought an allot- 
ment of land in that township at the State auction sale 
at New London, Jan. 4, 1738, paying therefor ^145.15. 
sterling ; and from the land records of Plainfield it 
appears that he left that town and went to Canaan the 
same year. It is very probable that he accompanied 
his brother Isaac and family in the month of May. 
He was certainly one of the early settlers of Canaan ; 
and in May, 1739, he was one of several citizens who 
were intrusted by the proprietors with ^"50. " to pay 
for preaching the Gospel to the people of Canaan in 
the present year." At the first town-meeting there 
of which any record exists, held in January, 1 740, the 
following business was transacted : 

"Voted at y e same meeting Josiah Mather[,] Benjamin 
Kellogg and Daniel Lawrence are Chosen a Comity to agree 
with John hart to fit his house convenient to meet in on 
the Lords Day." 

At a meeting held Dec. 2 of the same year, it was 
voted 

" That Christopher Dutcher & Augustian Bryan & Daniel 
Lawrence shall be survayers of the Highways and sworn." 

Again, on March 13, 1741, it was 

"Also now voated that their shall be a meating hous 
bu[i]lt for the worship of god[,] 35 foot in length and 30 foot 
in wedth the posts for said hous 18 foot in Length. Also 
then voated that Cap* David Whitney and Samuell Prindell 



OF THE LAWRENCE J-'.-LVILY. 45 

ami Jcams I'.eehe & Ihmiel Lawrence & Silas Belcling shall 
be a Commity t<> take Care to see s d meating hous Bu[i]lt 
and finished and that upon the cost and charge of said 
town." 



Daniel Lawrence, jun., was chosen selectman in 
December of the same year, and was nine times 
re-elected previous to 1767. He also served a term 
as constable and collector. At a town-meeting, Jan. 
22, 1744. of which "Left Daniel Lawrence" was 
moderator, he was chosen, with others, a committee 
" to Lease out our parsonage right of Land in this 
town." 

Daniel Lawrence, jun., died in Sheffield, Mass., Jan. 
27, 1790, aged eighty-seven years. 

CAPT. ISAAC LAWRENCE, 

The second son of Capt. Daniel, and grandson of 
Enosh, was born in Groton, Mass., Feb. 25, 1704-5, 
and was baptized there Nov. 25, 1705, by the Rev. 
John Hancock of Lexington. 

While yet a young child, he went with his parents 
to Plainfield, Conn. He married there, Dec. 19, 1727, 
Lydia Hewitt; and four of their eleven children (Jonas, 
Azubah, Stephen, and Isaac, jun.) were born in that 
town. He was granted the liberty of voting in town 
affairs Dec. 3, 1730, and the same year was chosen a 
surveyor of highways. At the New-London auction 
sale, Jan. 4, 1738, elsewhere mentioned, he purchased 
three shares, or rights, in the township of Canaan. 
In the late spring of that year he left Plainfield and 
journeyed westward, taking with him the members of 



46 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

his family and their household effects, and travelling 
in a covered wagon drawn by a yoke of oxen and a 
horse. The distance traversed was about eighty miles, 
and the last third of their route lay through the 
primeval forest. 

On arriving, on the second day of June, at Canaan, 
which was to them the " land of promise," they 
encamped for a few days and nights, their wagon 
meanwhile serving as a house. 

" Soon afterwards he dug a hole in the side of a 
hill, and with some crotches, poles, and boards made 
a temporary shelter, half under ground, in which they 
lived till the next spring." * He then built a house, 
which was their home for some twelve years. " In 
1751 he built the house which has long been known 
as the Lawrence Tavern, which he occupied till about 
1786." Both Isaac Lawrence and his brother Daniel 
were large investors in real estate, and in the early 
land records of Canaan are found copies of numerous 
deeds in which their names appear. 

On May 2, 1739, Isaac was appointed collector of 
the first tax voted by the proprietors. At a town- 
meeting held in January, 1740, it was voted that 

" For ye future till May next ye meeting on ye Lords Day 
shall be one Day at ye house of Isaac Lawrences and the 
other Day at ye house of Abraham Holinbides or Jacob 
Bacons as the peopel shall agree with them." 

Again, Oct. 13, 1748, Isaac Lawrence was appointed 
one of a committee " to git glass for ye meeting hous 

1 Genealogy of the Ancestors and Posterity of Isaac Lawrence. By Frederick 
S. Pease. Albany, N.Y., 1852. 



OF THE LAU'KEXCI'. I-AMIf.Y. 47 

and to put up ye same and to bring in their acounts 
to ye Town." 

On the 28th of the same month, he was commis- 
sioned ensign of the "Train Band of Canaan," and 
\vas afterward promoted to the rank of captain in the 
militia. ' !' served the town as selectman seventeen 
years. Me was also a deputy to the General Assembly 
of Connecticut in 1/65. Capt. Isaac Lawrence was 
one of the founders of the second church of Canaan, 
which was formed in 1769 in the north-eastern part of 
the township. He was a member of the first stand- 
ing committee appointed when the new church was 
organized. 

Mrs. Lyclia Lawrence died Nov. 14, 1765 ; and he 
married, late in life, Mrs. Amy Whitney, who survived 
him. He died Dec. 2, 1793, aged eighty-eight years. 

Many of his descendants continue to reside in 
Canaan. 

From the records of the Probate Court for the 
District of Sharon, Conn., it appears that the will 
of Capt. Isaac Lawrence was proved Jan. u, 1794; 
and John Adams and Josiah Lawrence were appointed 
executors. In addition to numerous bequests of 
specific articles, he gave his widow the use of certain 
real estate. The bulk of his property was divided 
among his children and grandchildren. Of the latter, 
the four younger sons of his son Jonas are mentioned. 
Their names were Abel, Josiah, Billy (whose name 
was afterwards changed to William), and Consider. 



48 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 



ISAAC LAWRENCE, Junior, 

The third son of Isaac, and grandson of Daniel, sen., 
was born in Plainfield, Conn., March 5, 1737. In 
his infancy his parents removed to Canaan, Conn., 
and there, March 18, 1760, he married Mary Brown. 
Just previous to the Revolutionary war, he went with 
his family to Hinesburg, Chittenden County, Vt. 

On the commencement of hostilities, he left Ver- 
mont, and during the -war probably lived again at 
Canaan, where his children, all but one, were born ; 
but, the war being ended, he again took up his 
residence in Hinesburg. 

In the Vermont Historical Gazetteer (October, 1867) 
we find the following : 

"The only settlers known to have resided in Hinesburg 
previous to the Revolution were Isaac Lawrence from Canaan, 
Conn., and Abner Chaffee. The family of Isaac Lawrence 
endured some of the severest hardships, so well known to 
the first inhabitants of Vermont. Mrs. Lawrence has said 
that she lived ten months without seeing the face of any 
other woman ; and that for a while one season the only food 
used by the family was dried pumpkins, with the little mouldy 
flour the children scraped from the inside of a barrel that had 
been wet." 

In 1793 Isaac Lawrence removed to Shefford County, 
Province of Quebec, about twenty-five miles north of 
the Vermont border. 



OF '////: LA \\-RENCJ'. I-.\MILY. 49 



ISAAC LAWRENCE, 

A son of John of \Vissrt, Eng., was born in Watertown 
about the year 1658, and married Abigail Bellows 
April 19, 1682. They probably lived in Groton for a 
while. Afterwards they removed to Norwich, Conn. 
The early church records in that town contain the 
following : 

" Isaac Lawrence, a son of John Lawrence of Watertown 
and Groton, publickly owned ye Covenant of Grace at the 
First Church of Norwich, Conn, in 1700 and was Received 
into full Communion in 1702." 

He was one of the seven original members forming 
(Dec. 10, 1723) the Third Ecclesiastical Society of 
Norwich.' His death occurred April 19, 1731, at the 
age of seventy-three years. His wife Abigail died 
Sept. 13, 1726, aged sixty-three years. 2 

LIEUT. JONATHAN LAWRENCE 

(1657-1729), the tenth son of John Lawrence, sen., 
was a resident of Groton, and held various town offices, 
including that of selectman for two years. He enlisted 
as a soldier, and was a sergeant in i699- 3 In 1702 he 

1 History uf Norwich, Conn. By Miss F. M. Caulkins. 

: l-'.ir ncuealogical data relating to the descendants of Isaac Lawrence, see 

I Kngland Hist. Gen. Register, vol. xl. 1886. 

3 It is quite possible that his military experience began in his youth during 
King I'hilipV war; fur in the Mass. Revol. Muster Rolls, vol. Ixviii. p. 79, 
we find the name of Jonathan Lawrence in "a Lyst of the souldiers Impresed for 
the Country Service in the foot Company in Cambridge on the North Side of 
the riuer," dated Nov. 26, 1675. He ' s supposed to have married a Cambridge 
lady in 1677, and his name does not appear on the Groton records previous 
to i6So. 




50 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

was appointed lieutenant ; and his commission, with 
the signature of Gov. Dudley, is now the property of 
Amory A. Lawrence, Esq. The document reads as 
follows : 

"JOSEPH DUDLEY ESQ R : Captain General and Governour in 
Chief in and over Her Ma.^ 5 Province of the Massachusetts 
Bay in New England in America. To JONATHAN LAWRENCE 
GENT Greeting. By virtue of the power and authority in and 
by Her Ma.^" 3 Royal Commission to me granted. I do by 
these presents constitute and appoint you to be Lieutenant of 
the Foot Company of Militia in y e Town of Groton in y e 
County of Midd x . whereof Jonas Prescot Gent is Captain. 
You are therefore carefully and diligently to perform the duty 
of a Lieutenant by ordering and exercising the s d . Company 
in arms both Inferiour officers and souldiers, And to keep 
them in good order and Discipline. Hereby Commanding 
them to obey you as their Lieutenant And your selfe to 
observe and follow such orders and Directions as you shall 
receive from your s d . Captain or other your Superiour Officers 
according to the rules and Discipline of War [illegible] to 
the Trust reposed in you. Given under my hand and seal at 
armes at Boston the Twenty eighth day of August In the 
first year of the Reign of our Soveraign Lady Anne by the 
Grace of God of England Scotland France and Ireland 
Queen Defender of the Faith &c. annoq : Domini 1702. 

J DUDLEY 
By his Excell^s, Comand 

Is a . Addington secry." 

In the lower right-hand corner of the commission is 
the following : 



OF TJIE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 51 

" BROOKUNE; March i, 1875. 

To Amory Appleton Laurence : This Commission was 
given by Gov. Dudley to Jonathan Lawrence of Groton, and 
he was your great, great, great, great, great uncle. 

Your affectionate father, 

AMOS A. LAWRENCE." 

Lieut. Jonathan Lawrence was serving in a garrison 
in Groton in 1711. In his will he made liberal be- 
quests to the church and town. From his inventory, 
dated Dec. 23, 1729, we quote these items: 



"Dark Coloured wolen coat i, 155; one [cor]Duroy 
coat, ^3 ; Gray all wolen Jacott i ; Another old Jacott 6s ; 
Britches 133; shirts 95; puter 145; Tinn pots gd ; andirons, 
tongs and fire shouel, Tramil and hooks, i, 45; Iron poot, 
153 ; Iron skillets, 33 ; one Gunn, i" 



NATHANIEL LAWRENCE, Junior 

(1661-1736), the oldest child of Deacon Nathaniel, 
was three times married, 1 and lived in Groton probably 
untill after 1696. He afterwards resided in Charles- 
town and Medford. He was one of the executors of 
his father's will. 

1 5ond says in his history of Watertown : 

"There is much obscurity and much left to conjecture 
about his family. He is supposed to be the Nathaniel Law- 
rence, a bricklayer, of Medford in 1724." 



1 It is certain that he was first married as early as 1695, an ^ that his first 
wife's name was Hannah or Anna. 



52 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

The inventory of his estate seems to merit a place 
here by reason of its unique spelling : - 

" The Inuentrery of y e Estate of Nath 11 Lawrance, late 
of Medford, Decesed, taken by us the Subscribers and 
aprised. 

Wobrone [Woburn] July the 11: 1737. 

To a feather bed and furntuer . . g . . 87 . . dg 

to Puter ..... . . 2 . . 4 . . O 

to Books ....... i . o . . o 

to 3 Plear [pillow] Casis & to two napkins 

& one table clouth . . . . I . . o . . o 

to a Smole Erase Kitell . . . . o . . 10 . . o 

to tramell & tongs . . . . . O . . 13 . . O 

to a Brass candell stick . . . . o . . 6 . . o 
to a Duzen of wooden plates and arthen 

whear [ware] . . . . . . o . . 4 . . 6 

to a male peelion [pillion] & old sadele . o . . S . . o 

to a old gun ...... I . . 10 . . o 

to a feching [fishing] line . . . o . . 3 . . o 

to two old whells [wheels] . . o . . 6 . . o 

to a old feefe [fife ?] ..... o . . 2 . . o 

to wooden whear . . . . . o . . 6 . . o 

to a old hamer . . . . . .O..I..6 

to two old pondering tubs & one tube 

and pale . . . . . . O . . 7 . . O 



. . S8 

Rail Estate lands lying in Attellbury 
by Information being forty or fifty 
acres woath ...... 85 



Jonathan Hall \ 

John Willis | Corn. 6 "-" 

Joseph Tufts ) 



o 



OF TIH-: LAWRENCE I-.l.MILY. 53 



JOHN LAWRENCE, 

The second son of Nathaniel, and grandson of John 
of \Yisset, Kng.. was born in (iroton, July 29, 1667. 
His -randfather, John, had died early in the same 
month, and his father was then living at the paternal 

nestead near Gibbet Hill. The first notice of 
interest which we have concerning this John Law- 
rence is the record of his marriage in Groton, Nov. 
9, 1687, to Hannah Tarbell, the ceremony being 
performed by the Rev. Gershom Hobart. 

In June, 1691, his name appears as one of eleven 
citizens who dissented from a vote of the town in 
regard to the terms of payment of the minister's 
salary, " viz : aighty pounds pur year and so yearly," 
one-fourth part in money, and the other three parts 
in provisions, and forty cords of wood. In 1693, 
John Lawrence removed his residence to that portion 
of Cambridge known as the " Farms," which had 
shortly before been constituted a distinct parish or 
precinct, and which twenty years later was incorporated 
as the town of Lexington. The estate purchased by 
him was situated on the north-western border of the 
cinct, on the edge of Tophet Swamp, so called, 
near what was then the Billerica line. The locality 
was at that time called "the world's end." It is easy 
to imagine the motives which may have influenced 
Nathaniel and John Lawrence in leaving Groton at 
about this time. King William's war had begun, and 
the frontier towns were again exposed to the attacks 
of the cruel savages. 



54 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

It was most natural, therefore, that our ancestors 
should wish to provide for their families homes more 
secure. The wonder is rather that so many remained 
where danger constantly threatened. The privations 
and hardships of early Colonial and Provincial days 
tended to develop the rugged traits of the Anglo- 
Saxon character, promoting self-reliance. As in all 
pioneer enterprises, their circumstances often required 
them to fill new and hitherto unfamiliar positions. 

John Lawrence, who came from Groton to Cam- 
bridge Farms at the age of twenty-five, could have 
had but meagre facilities for obtaining an education, 
for it does not appear certain that there was any 
school in the former place until after this time. But 
he had sterling qualities, as his future career showed ; 
and among his gifts we may reckon versatility, for we 
find him described in various deeds and legal papers, 
as a planter, husbandman, weaver, yeoman, black- 
smith, and farmer. From the assessors' books we 
learn that he paid in 1694 a tax of 6s. i id. ; this being 
his proportion of the " Rate made for the payment of 
the minester, to be payd half mony and the other half 
being twenty pounds in comon pay as mony." In 
the same year he also contributed 17^. ^d. towards the 
expense of building the minister's house. He was 
the father of ten children, of whom eight were born 
in Lexington. His family register ' is in the writer's 
possession. Yellow with age and dilapidated, it 
appears to have been written on the fly-leaf of a large 
Bible ; and the handwriting is his own, as appears 
on comparing it with his signature at the Middlesex 
probate office. In the records of the First Parish, 

1 See Appendix, No. 9. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 55 

under date of Feb. i, 1699, being the second year of 
the: ministry of the Rev. John Hancock, is this entry : 
" Receaved than Into the Communion of this church 
John Lawrence and his wife." The Lexington Histor- 
ical Society, at this writing just two years old, has in 
its possession a " Muster- Roll of the Company in Her 
Majesties service under the command of William 
Read, Captain, viz; foot Souldiers." This roll has the 
names of Seth Way man of Woburn, lieutenant ; and 
John Lawrence of Cambridge, " Clark ; " and thirty- 
three non-commissioned officers and men, the greater 
number hailing from Cambridge Farms, and the 
remainder from Woburn, Concord, Billerica, and 
Watertown. This company was in service for one 
week from April 12. The year is not given, but 
\ve may fix it approximately. It was prior to the 
incorporation of Lexington, and during Queen Anne's 
reign (1702-14). Sergt. Joseph Bowman, whose 
name is fourth on the list, was an ensign 'in 1711. 
The roll therefore antedates that year. It appears to 
have been filled out by the clerk, John Lawrence, who 
received a sergeant's pay, nine shillings, for his week's 
service. A foot-note gives the information that the 
company " subsisted themselves." 

Although the precinct of Cambridge Farms was 
never actually attacked by Indians, the early settlers 
were at times apprehensive of such an event, and 
had adopted precautionary measures. Capt. Read's 
company had probably been for this reason on a 
reconnoitring expedition on the frontier. 

In an original manuscript in the library of Harvard 
College are recorded the transactions of a committee 



56 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

of five persons appointed by the General Court, Dec. 
7, 1719, to allot the land in two new towns, which 
were afterwards incorporated as Townsend and Lunen- 
burg. This committee met at Concord, Mass., on 
May 11, 1720, "and accordingly Proceeded to Grant 
out s d Land to y e Pe[r]sons whose Names are under 
written on y e other Sides." Then follows a list of 
the names of the original proprietors of the " North 
Town," or Townsend, and among them we find that 
of "John Lawrence of Lexington." 1 

Some verbatim extracts from the town records are 
here given : 

" Att a Publique metting a[t] Cambridge ffarms : March : 
ye : 2 d : i7oi 2 : There was Chosen to the ofice of a con- 
stabile : Thomas Bloggitte : 
Robert Meriam : 
Jn : Laurenc : 
& Isacke stearns 

" It was allso votted that Joseph Lock : Jn Laurence : 
John Mason & Jonathan Poullter : be requested to take sum 
pruddent Care that the Chilldrcn & youth may nott play at 
metting : and thareby Profane the Lords Day : " 

"Att a Publique metting of the Inhabitants of Cambridge 
ffarms march : y e : 4 th 1705? there was Chosen to the office of 
a constabll 

John Lawrenc : 

" march : : y e : 6th : 1710 

" It was allso agr[e]ed y t Jn : Laurence & Jn poullter take 
care of the claye ground next them belonging to the Precinct : 
that none of it be Caryed out of precinct : " 

"Att a Publique metting of thise Precinct march the 
third : I7ii 12 : 

1 Sawtelle's History of Townsend. 



ware chosen assesers : 



OF Till- LAWRENCE FAMILY. 57 

it was votted that ensigne Simonds iS: m r Jn" : Laurence be a 
committee t<> Inquier \\h<> want high waics In this Precinct: 
and to make Inquieiy aboutt the Range waies and iff anye be 
wanting then to petetion the town for them and if the town 
' hear and detenu in the thinge that is most reson- 
abllerinthat afaier then to procecutte the matter to the 
Courte or Courts: till it be efected : and the precinct are 
ag[r]ced to reimburse the monye that thaye shall spend In 
procecutting of the same : " 

Alt a Publique Metting at Lexington March y e 3O th 17 13 : 

" It was further agreed and votted Thomas Bloggitt John 

Poullter & John Larance be a Comittee to take care of y e 

e i iround at Shaws Farme to find out y e Bounds of it and 

to cover it from being Caried out of Town either in Clay or 

Brickes." 

In recorded deeds of about this date, "Shaw's 
Ftarme " is bounded as follows : " West by John Law- 
ranee, north-west by y e churches ffarm, north-east by 
Joseph Tidd and south by Samuel Lock's medow and 
Benjamin Simonds." This location is on the northerly 
edge of Tophet Swamp. 

"At a meeting of the Inhabitants of Lexington orderly 
convened to acte in town affairs the 19 : of may : 1716, Voted 
that : mr John Larrans mr Joseph Brown and mr Daniel Hoar 
lie a committee to provid a schoolmaster for the Town as 
y e Law directs." 

A few days before the choice of the above commit- 
tee, the town had voted that " all scollers that cume to 
school [are] to pai too pens per week for reeding and 
3 pens per week for righting and siphering." At the 
first session of the general court under the Provincial 
charter in 1692, an Act had been passed providing that 



58 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

families neglecting for one year to provide for the 
support of a schoolmaster should pay a fine of ten 
pounds sterling. 

" At a meeting of the Inhabitants of Lexington orderly 
convened to act In Town affairs the : 25 of march : 1716 : 17 
mr John Lauranc Being Chosen modarator : then was Chosen 
for selectmen : L 1 Francis Bowman Capt Joseph Eastebrook 
Joseph Bowman Joseph Fassett and mr John Lawranc : " 

"At a meeting of y e Select men of Lexington June 24: 
1717. Thomas Paul appeared before y e Select men; being 
in want of necessary subsistance, & desired sum Releif, y e 
Select men ordered John Lawrance one of [y e ] Select men ; 
to Releive him until furder order." 

"At a meeting of y e Selectmen of Lexington held July 
21 : 1717, then agreed that Clerk Lawrance's wife, and 
Ephraim Winship's wife keep schools from y e day of y e date 
hereof until y e last day of October next following : and if 
they have not Scholers sufficient as to number to amount to 
5 shillings a week, at 3 pence a Scholer a week, Dureing the 
term above sd ; then y e Town to make up what shall be want- 
ing of y e 5 shillings a week as above expressed out of Treas- 
ury thereof ; provided y e sd select men do not see cause to 
demolish sd schoole before sd term be expired." 

The wife of John Lawrence was the second child of 
Thomas Tarbell, jun., of Groton, and was born June 
10, 1670. It is probable that she was a woman of 
superior attainments for those times, and doubtless 
her elder sons received in their youth only such 
instruction as she could give them. For when they 
were children, there were no schools at Cambridge 
Farms. But that they were well grounded by her in 
things essential, we may infer from their subsequent 
fitness for positions of responsibility. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 59 

The first schoolhouse in Lexington was built on the 

o 

Common in 1/14.' Then, to accommodate the children 
living at a distance from the centre, the two schools 
above-mentioned were established in the outskirts. 

In those days there was no uniform standard of 
spelling, and correspondence was not freely indulged 
in. All writing-paper had to be imported from the 
mother country, and was therefore expensive, and the 
only means of sending letters was by special mes- 
senger. In the country towns there were but very 
few books, and but little opportunity for the cultivation 
of a literary taste. 2 In Boston, however, there was a 
public library as early as the year 1673, and in 1686 
there were no less than eight book-stores in the town. 
The farmers obtained intelligence from abroad chiefly 
through "The Boston News-Letter," which was the 
only newspaper published in America during Queen 
Anne's reign, and had no rival until the appearance 
of "The Boston Gazette" in 1719. 3 

"At a meeting of the select men of Lexington november 
7-1720. Then agreed with m r John Lavvrenc Sr to take 
Rachel Carley and keep her a while upon tryal and he shall 
haue satesfaction for his Trouble." 

From an original deed now before the writer, dated 

O 

Sept. 28, 1 722, it appears that Francis Bowman, Deacon 
Samuel Stone, and Samuel Lock, all of Lexington, 
were empowered " to make sale of y c Remaining part 
of y u Portion bequeathed by William Carly, late of 

1 Hudson's History <> Lexington. 

2 Concord in the Colonial Period. By C. H. Walcott. 

3 Memorial History of lioston, vol. ii. p. 



60 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Lexington, deceased, to his daughter Rachel Carly 
(a person non compos mentis] lying in Lands in Lex- 
ington afores cl ; " and the said lands were accordingly 
sold to " Robert Fisk of s d : town, Physician." 

"At a Meeting of freeholders & other Inhabitants of Lex- 
ington Orderly Convened on y e 10 of march 171^- in order 
to y e choosing of town officers [&c ;] Imprimis then chose 
Joseph Phassett, moderator; Joseph Estabrooke ; Benj. 
Wellenton ; Joseph Phassett, John Laurance ; & Thomas 
Mirriam select men." 

" At a meeting of the select men of Lexington January 30 
1720-21 ! s d 

alowed mr John Lawrence sen. 01. oo. oo. for his trouble 
for keeping sd Rachel Carley 11 or 12 weeks, as soon as it 
can be obtained out of her estate." 

" Att a meeting of the select men of Lexington March 
26-1722, ordered the clerk to pass a Bill of i - oo - oo - on 
mr Carleys exect r to pay m r John Lawrence for keeping 
Rachel Carley 12 weeks in 1720. sd Lawrence appearing 
before the select men and sd he had lost the bill he had of 
the select men January 30 1720-21. The afore sd Bill was 
passed that evening." 

"Att a meeting of y e select men of Lexington aprel 30. 
1722, Then desired. Capt Bowman to se[e] what care ought 
to be taken about the Town Stock of powder and alowed 
M r Whitmore five sailings toward plank that John Lawrence 
had to mend the bridg ouer Vine Brooke to be paid out of 
the Town treasury.' 



As early as the year 1700, the residents at "the 
Farms" had petitioned the town of Cambridge, "that 
that part of the public stock of ammunition which is 
supposed to belong to our share, may be kept in the 
Parish." 



OF Till'. LAWRENCE l-'.l.MIl.Y. 61 

"At H meting >f ye freeholders & other Inhabitants of 
ye Town of Lexington Being duly qualified & orderly con- 
vened t.>- c tliei- on the 4 day of march 1722/3 in order to 
chuse Town offecers fr the year ensuing. 

"(i) uoted M r Joseph Fassett moderator, then uoted to 
hane 5 select men (i) mr Thomas Bloggett (2) Benj a Wel- 
lington (3) m r John Lawrence (4) m r Jose. Brown (5) mr 
Thomas miriam." 

" att a meeting of the freeholders [etc.] on the 13 day of 
may 1723. 

51 uoted to chuse a com tee about ye school. 
"((">) uoted to have 3 of sd com tee (i) m r John Laurence 
(2\ mr Joseph Loring (3) Capt. Joseph Bowman, 
allso uoted not to grant John Lawrences & Richard Orms 
request for the improuement of sum of y e minesterall land." 
" Att a meeting of y e ffreholders [etc.] on y e 7: of march 
17.25 6 in order to y e choosing of Town Officers, &c. voted 
to chuse five select men (i) chose m r Benj. Wellington 
t) mr Joseph ffassett (3) m r Joseph Brown (4) m r John 
Lawranee (5) Lt John munroe." 

Att a meeting of the select men of Lexington march the 
11-17::; '"-, agreed that m r John Lawrence shall find meal 
for Thorn Paul & his wife until our next meeting and to receive 
his pay out of the Town Treasury." 

" Att a meeting of the select men of Lexington march 
th[e] 28 1726, then appointed m r John Lawrence & m r 
Joseph Fassett to goe as preambelators on biliraca Line." 

The line between Billerica and Cambridge Farms, 
or Lexington, was about one mile long, and ran in a 
north-easterly direction, and a little to the westward 
of the present boundary of Bedford. The residence of 
Fasset was almost on the line, and that of Lawrence 
close by. Bedford was incorporated in 1729. This 
new township was formed by taking the north-east 
part of Concord and the south part of Billerica. 



62 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

"Att a meeting of y e select men of Lexington January 
30- 1726/7, [it was voted to pay] 

"allso to mr John Lawrence 2-01-04 for meal malt &c 
for paul. ss d 

" allso to mr Lawrence & mr fassett I - 6 each for renewing 
the line between bilerica & Lexington." 

" att a meeting of y e select men of Lexington febr. 27- 
1726/7 agreed that m r Lawrence mr fassett & Benj a Wel- 
lington three of y e select men shall goe to Daniel Smith on 
the second day of march next and try to agree with him or 
make som offers for recompenc for land where a town way 
was laid threw his land in 1726." 

"March 2, 1726/7 mr Lawrence mr ffasett & Benj a Wel- 
lington went to Daniell Smithe and offered him ten pounds 
in full for recompence for sd Town way going threw his 
land." 

"att a meeting of y e freeholders and other Inhabitants of 
the Town of Lexington duly qualified and orderly assembled 
to gether at y e schoole house in sd town on march 6, 1726-7 
in order to chuse Town offecers for the year ensuing as the 
law directs &c. uoted to haue five select men then uoted 
for y e select men (i) fran. Bowman Esq. (2) Capt Joseph 
Bowman (3) Benj a Wellington (4) m r Joseph ffasett (5) 
m r John Lawrence." 

"att a meeting of y e select men of Lexington febru 5, 
1727/8. i s d 

" allso alowed m r Lawrences ace* being 3 - 1 1 - 08 for 
meal [and] money laid out &c for Thorn. Paul and allowed 

1 s d 

Sam 11 Lawrence 4-14-00 for eleuen cord of wood for paul 
& six pound of pork." 

SAMUEL LAWRENCE was the fifth son of John, and 
was born in Lexington July 9, 1700. He married 
Elizabeth- -, and had a daughter Ruth, born Jan. 
21, and baptized Feb. 20, 1726. He enlisted as a 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 63 

soldier in 1725, and served during Dummer's war. 
I ! was living in 1742, when his father's will was 
made. 

"att a meeting of the select men of Lexington march 18, 
r;jS ')then appointed persons to renew the bounds round 
the Town uiz/ mr John Lawrence mr Joseph Fassett ju on 
Bilerica line." 

"December 31, 1729. then past a bill to the constabl to 
mr John Lawrenc four shiling for work don for father 

s d 

paul & i -6 for preambelating last year between Bilerica & 
Lexington." 

Vtt a meeting of the freeholders and other Inhabitants 
of the Town of Lexington duly qualified & orderly assem- 
bled at the schoole hous in said Town on munday the sixth 
day of march i/3i 2 in order to chuse Town offecers &c- 
uoted to haue five select men. noted (i) capt Joseph Bow- 
man the first select man (2) cap 1 Joseph Estabrooke (3) 
ens. John Mason (4) m r Thomas miriam (5) m r John Law- 
rcr. 

" At a meeting of ye select men of Lexington may 
y e 8 th : 1732. 

" At y c Request of m r John Larrance Resolved to meet 
at s 1 ' Larrances house on munday y c 15 th : of may currant 
at sun an hour high at night : in order to streighten 
y e way sumthing more Latte[r]ly Pricked out for Nath 11 
Trask." 

At a meeting of y e Select men of Lexington y e 15 th of 
May 1732 : at y e house of mr Jn: Larrance, In order to a 
further view & inakeing y e way Pricked out for s d Nath 11 
Trask through s d Larrances Land more Dirict & Straight : 
Acordingly Begining at a stake & stones in y e line between 
s ' Larrance & Trask streight to a grey oak tree markrd 
with stones at y e Root, and from thence streight to a stake 
and stones by a PO.>L in s d Larrances fence: so as s d Lar- 



64 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

ranees orchard fence now stands, to a black oak marked at 
y e Corner of s d Larrances orchard by y e Town way." 

"At a meeting of y e Select men January 28 th : 1744/5; 
Examined & Allowed y e Com tees Report Relating to y e 
womens Schools Set up in y e out Skirts of y e Town : viz : for 
Schooling at Mr John Lawrances, ten weeks ^5 . . s.o . . d.o. 
Likewise at Mr Nehemiah Abbots, ten weeks $ . . s.o . . d.o. 
Note y* all y e aboue s d sums are to be Understood in Old 
tenor." 

The following 1 extracts from the records of the First 
Parish of Lexington were obtained through the courtesy 
of the pastor, the Rev. C. A. Staples : 

"2Oth February, 1715. Chose Deacon Mirriam, Samuel 
Stone and John Lawrence messengers for the ordination at 
Groton." 

(The Rev. Caleb Trowbridge was ordained March 2, 

1715)- 
Benjamin Bate confessed to the church that, 

"through the temptations of the Devill and his own 
corrupt heart, he had been led into many sins, particularly 
sabbath-breaking, which is a leading sin to other hainous 
sins ; therefore being easily taken by the Devill at his will, 
fell into the sin of killing John Lawrence's cow y e night 
before y e last, leaving y e ax sticking in its body." 

(The deed was committed on Sunday, June 17, 
1716). 

John Lawrence was an influential citizen of Lexing- 
ton, and was held in much esteem by his fellow- 
townsmen. He administered faithfully the trusts 



OF Till'. LAWRENCE I-'AUILY. 65 

committed to him, ami transmitted to his descendants 
an unt.irnUhi-d name. He died in Lexington, March 
12, i 746, in the eightieth year of his age. 1 

THE "OLD LAWRENCE PLACE" 

On the Bedford road in Lexington deserves more 
than a passing mention, on account of its family 
associations ; and we \vill therefore endeavor here 
briefly to sketch its history. It was purchased by 
John Lawrence, son of Nathaniel, when, in the year 
1693, he removed from Groton to Lexington. Here 
most of his children were born, among them Capt. 
Amos Lawrence. In 1737 John Lawrence conveyed 
the estate to his son Jonathan, then a resident of 
Framingham, " partly in consideration of the good 
affection which he felt for him, and partly in con- 
sideration of ^700 in good bills of credit." In the 
days of the Revolution the farm was owned and 
occupied by the oldest son of Jonathan, Bezaleel 
Lawrence, of whom we have elsewhere made mention. 
Then, in the early part of the present century, another 
Jonathan, the youngest child of Bezaleel, lived on the 
ancestral estate. He died in 1835, ancl ^ ve years 
afterwards his widow, Polly (Reed) Lawrence, sold the 
property to Hiram Reed ; and it has since been owned 
successively by Samuel 13. Pierce, Abraham C. Mace, 
and Patrick Ryan. At the present time the old, 
house, a modest gable-roofed structure, though still 
standing, is in a somewhat dilapidated condition. 

1 Some large pewter platter>, marked "J. L.," and supposed to have 
belonged to John Lawrence of Lexington, are now the property of Francis W. 
Lawrence of Urookline, Mass. 



66 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Some years ago the writer had it successfully photo- 
graphed. 1 

The late Francis Wyman of Lexington, who was 
born in 1789, and who attained the age of ninety-six 
years, lived in his boyhood on the Reed estate, adjoin- 
ing the Lawrence farm. He well remembered seeing 
Bezaleel Lawrence ride on horseback to church on 
Sundays, with his wife seated on a pillion behind him. 
In 1700 the Lawrences' nearest neighbors were the 
Fassetts and Dunkleys, and, a few years after, the 
Trasks. In 1800 the neighbors on the east side were 
Nathan Reed and Joshua Simonds, and on the west 
side the Page family in Bedford. 

In the appendix (No. 12) will be found a copy of 
the deed by which the farm was conveyed in 1693 
by William Johnson to "John Laurence, weaver of 
Groton." It was situated then as now, on the border 
of Tophet Swamp, but the locality has long since 
ceased to be known as " y e world's end." 



JOHN LAWRENCE, Junior, 

Eldest child of John of Lexington, and grandson of 
Deacon Nathaniel, was born in Groton, June 9, 1689, 
and was therefore about five years of age when his 
father removed to Cambridge Farms. He married, 
May 18, 1710, Elizabeth, fifth child of Deacon Samuel 
and Dorcas (Jones) Stone of Lexington. Her father 
was known as " Samuel Stone East'' to distinguish 
him from his cousin of the same name, who was called 

1 Acknowledgments are due the Rev. Edw. G. Porter of Lexington for 
assistance in locating this estate. 



OF THE I.AU'RENCE FAMILY. 67 

41 Samuel Stone JI'?s/." l Although John Lawrence, 
jun., was married in Lexington, and appears to have 
retained his connection with the church there for 
man\- years, his residence was within the limits of 
\\olnirn (now Burlington 2 ), where he became an 
active participant in town affairs. The eight children 
of John and Elizabeth Lawrence were baptized in 
Lexington. He died Jan. 22, 1752, aged sixty-three 
years. 

THOMAS LAWRENCE, 

The second son of John of Lexington, and grandson 
of Deacon Nathaniel (1691-1729), was born in Groton, 
but came to Cambridge Farms in early childhood. 

He married in 1713 Prudence , and was living in 

Groton again as early as 1715, as on Oct. 9 of that 
year he and his wife were admitted to the church 
there, and their daughter Prudence was baptized the 
same day. A great-grandson, Deacon Curtis Law- 
rence, born in 1799, recently died in Groton. 

Thomas Lawrence was by trade a cordwainer. He 
was twice chosen a tithing-man, and held the responsi- 
ble office of town treasurer from 1723 to 1728. The 
inventory of his estate is dated January, 1729, and 
contains these items : 

"To Bed, Beding Bed steels and tabel Lining ,22-01-6. 
to Putter & Bras & other Nessasariss in y e house ,11-14-4. 
to a saddle Briddles and Pillion ,3-07-00. to Barriels and 
Cycler ,8-19-00. to a Negro Boy ,So. to horses ,30, 
to sheep and swine ;So." 

1 Hudson's History of Lexington. 

1 The Second Precinct of Woburn was incorporated as the town of Burling- 
ton, Feb. 28, 1799. 



68 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 



CAPT. THOMAS LAWRENCE 

(1720-1758), son of the preceding, and grandson of 
John of Lexington, was a man of gigantic size and 
great personal prowess. He was frequently in military 
service, and was killed by the Indians near Lake 
George, in July, 1758.* He had six toes on each foot ; 
and this physical peculiarity of having supplementary 
toes or fingers, and sometimes both, has been inherited 
by several of his descendants. Within the past year 
(1888), a child of the fifth generation has been born 
with this unusual number of members. A descendant 
of Capt. Lawrence now owns the lasts on which his 
boots and shoes were made, as no last of ordinary 
pattern would answer the purpose. It is said that the 
Indians who killed him, on observing this peculiar 
malformation, were filled with superstitious awe, and 
regretted their act. Capt. Thomas Lawrence was a 
resident of Pepperell district. In civil life he served 
two years as deer-reeve. 



THOMAS LAWRENCE 

(1757-1822). the youngest son of Capt. Thomas 
and great-grandson of John of Lexington, enlisted 
in the Continental army when quite young, and 
was wounded at the battle of Bunker Hill. From 
some of his grandchildren and from certain aged 
residents of Pepperell, we have learned a few facts 

1 See Butler's History, pp. 326-328; and Groton during the Indian Wars, 
by Dr. S. A. Green, p. 157 and scq. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 69 

concerning him. He inherited from his father a large 
frame, a physical attribute observed in some of his 
descendants at the present time. On muster days he 
appeared in the role of a fifer, and his title of "major" 
\\as probably earned by service as a regimental " fife- 
major." He taught singing-schools in Pepperell and 
Brookline, N.H., and was himself a good singer and 
a member of the church choir. He lived about a mile 
south-west of Pepperell meeting-house, and some thirty 
rods south of the present residence of the Rev. Dr. 
Kibbidge, on a road leading from Federal Street to 
South Pepperell. The place is now occupied by Mr. 
John E. Blood. 

Another THOMAS LAWRENCE, a son of Nathaniel, 
and grandson of Enosh, was living in Pepperell during 
the latter half of the last century. His oldest son, of 
the same name, was of about the same age as " Major" 
Lawrence ; and as the latter had a son Thomas S. 
and a grandson Thomas G., it is not surprising that a 
confusion of names should sometimes result. The 
name of Thomas Lawrence of Pepperell appears in a 
" Muster Roole of Capt. John Nutting['s] Company of 
Minett men in Col. W m Prescottf's] Reg 1 who march d 
from Pepperill y e 19 of April, 1775."' We find the 
name again in " Jas. Hosley's muster-roll of Vollun- 
teers who turned out of the Towns of Townshend, 
Pepperrell and Ashby, and marched with him to the 
assistance of Major General Gates agreable to a resolve 
of the General Court upon September 22, 1777."- 

1 Mass. Kevol. Muster-Kolls, vol. xiii. p. 22. 
- Do. vol. xix. p. 177. 



70 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

This company served for about six weeks, and formed 
a part of the army which compelled Gen. Burgoyne 
to surrender on the i;th of October. Among its rank 
and file as volunteers, were Col. William Prescott and 
Major Henry Woods. Corporal Joseph Lawrence, a 
son of Joseph and great-grandson of Enosh, was also 
a member of Capt. Hosley's company. 

In the earlier history of Pepperell, almost every 
citizen had a distinctive nickname. Of six contem- 
porary individuals named " Thomas Lawrence," five 
were designated as " Whalebone Tom," "Major Tom," 
" Stuttering Tom," " Hoop'ole Tom," and " Six-toed 
Tom." Daniel H. Lawrence ' was familiarly known as 
" Whalebone Daniel." Some of his descendants are 
now living in Pepperell. One of them, Sumner P. 
Lawrence, is a prominent citizen, and was at one time 
a member of the Legislature. In regard to the mean- 
ing of some of the above nicknames, " hoop'ole " was 
a contraction for " hoop-pole," and probably had refer- 
ence to the trade of a cooper or a cutter of poles for 
hoops ; " whalebone" was used to convey the idea of 
stiffness, or toughness, as a physical or moral trait. 

COL. WILLIAM LAWRENCE, 

The fourth son of John of Lexington, was born at 
Cambridge Farms, Aug. n, 1697, a d went to Groton 
probably in ij2i. 2 His name first appears in the town 

1 " Daniel Hall Lawrence, son to Thomas Lawrence Junr. and Mehitable his 
wife, born Sept. 7. 1780." Pepperell Records. 

2 On June 27, 1721, Shebual Hobart sold to William Lawrence, blacksmith, 
a certain parcel of upland and lowland in Groton, "with a Dwelling-house and 
a barn thereon, containing eight acres and bounded southwardly partly by land 



OF Till-. I. A \\-RENCE FAMILY. 7 1 

records in the following- year. On June 27, 1722, he 
married Susanna, daughter of Jonas Prescott. In the 
month of March ensuing-, he and his wife were admit- 
ted to the church; and the same year he enlisted as a 
soldier, and saw considerable active service at different 
times. He was made captain in 1734 or thereabouts, 
major about the year 1740, and colonel in 1754. His 
residence was situated on the former site of Liberty 
Hall, on the corner of Main Street and the road 
leading to the railway station. 

For a long period he was perhaps the most promi- 
nent citizen of Groton. He served twelve years as 
selectman, fifteen as an assessor, and represented the 
district in the general court ten years. He was re- 
peatedly chosen moderator of town and parish meet- 
ings, and was appointed a special justice of the court 
of Common Pleas for Middlesex County. A man of 
superior natural endowments, he appears to have had 
a special aptitude for public business, and his services 
were sought by his fellow-townsmen in all matters 
requiring the exercise of good judgment and discretion, 
that quality which has been described as " the perfec- 
tion of reason and a guide to win all the duties of 
life." ' 

From the records of the proprietors of Townsend 
it appears that in the year 1735 William Lawrence 
received an allotment of one hundred and fifty acres 
of land lying on the eastern side of Massaquatanapass 

of James Nutting and partly by land of John Nutting, northerly by the town's 
common land called the I'.urying place, westwardly by the highway as the 
fenc[e] now stands and on all other points by the highway." J.' Registry 

of Dteds, fol. 21, p. 432. 
1 Addison. 



7 2 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Great Hill, now known as Tanapas Hill, in Brookline, 
N.H. 

A few lines from Mr. I. B. Sawtelle's " History of 
Townsend " are here quoted : 

" William Lawrence not only had a considerable part of 
his father's land (John Lawrence of Lexington) in 'North 
Town,' but he bought and owned extensive tracts in the 
northern part of the town. No one man, except John 
Stevens and Daniel Taylor, possessed so many acres. His 
name appears first in the list of grantees of the town of 
Mason, N.H. (granted 1749), where he owned nine of the two 
hundred farms into which the town was surveyed and allotted. 
He served on almost every important committee appointed 
by the North Town proprietors." 

In June, 1758, the Massachusetts General Court 
granted him three hundred and fifty-three acres of 
land lying " south of Pontoosuck, on the Housatonuck 
River." 

Col. William Lawrence died May 19, 1764. 



WILLIAM LAWRENCE, 

The oldest child of Col. William, and grandson of 
John of Lexington, was born in Groton, May 7, 1723. 
He was the first one of the descendants of John Law- 
rence of Wisset, Eng., who entered Harvard College. 
Being admitted in July, 1739, he graduated from that 
institution in 1743, and, studying for the ministry, was 
licensed to preach Jan. 7, 1746. At this time he was a 
member of the First Church in Cambridge. Two years 
later he began to preach in Lincoln as a candidate. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 73 

In the earl}- church records of that town is found the 
following : 

" At a meeting of y e Ch. !l & qualified voters in Concord, 
Lrxington and Weston, Second Precinct on y e II th of Apriel 
1748 M r Joshua Brooks [was] Chosen Moderator; Voted by 
S. (1 Ch. h & Prec[inct] That they Choose but one young Can- 
didate for y e ministry to Preach with them in Probation. At 
y e same Time Voted That M r W m Lawrence is the man 
Desired to Preach Four Sabbaths & y e Fast on s d Probation 
in or[der] For Settlement in y e ministry among them." 

At a meeting of the church and precinct holden 
May 18, 1748, Mr. William Lawrence was chosen their 
minister, and the same day he sent the following 
response : 

" Gentlemen ; Whereas you have been pleased to give me 
an invitation to settle in the gospel ministry amongst you, 
I take this opportunity to return you thanks for your respect 
shown me therein, and to signify to you my willingness to 
accept of the said invitation. So wishing that grace, mercy 
and peace may be multiplied to you, and that I may be 
enabled to perform faithfully the office of a gospel minister, 
and greatly advance your best interest, I subscribe myself 

ynur faithful friend and humble servant, 

\Vm Lawrence." 

His ordination took place on Dec. 7 of the same 
year. On Feb. 7, 1750-1, he married Love Adams, a 
daughter of one of the members of his church. Her 
father, John Adams, was a great-grandson of Henry 
Adams, a native of Devonshire, Kng., who settled in 
Ouincv, Mass., and was the ancestor of the eminent 
branch of the Adams family still resident in that place. 



74 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

John Adams married in 1722 Love Minott of Concord, 
and died Oct. 25, 1725, leaving two children, John and 
Love. The Rev. William Lawrence was the first 
pastor of the church at Lincoln, and continued in 
office for thirty-one years. During this long period 
he was frequently called to officiate in other places. 
He took part in the exercises at the ordination of the 
Rev. Jonas Clarke at Lexington, Nov. 5, 1755 ; and a 
few years after he "gave the charge" at the installa- 
tion of the Rev. Joseph Brown at Winchendon. He 
also preached the sermon at the ordination of the Rev. 
Stephen Farrar at New Ipswich, N.H., Oct. 22, I76O. 1 
His library contained many valuable books, a list of 
which is given in the inventory of his estate. The 
Rev. William Lawrence died April n, 1780. His 
widow and nine children survived him. Mrs. Love 
(Adams) Lawrence died Jan. 3, 1820, in her ninety- 
sixth year. 

LOVEY LAWRENCE, 

The second child of the Rev. William Lawrence, was 
"born at Lincoln, Massachusetts Bay, April iSth, 
I754-" 2 She married in Lincoln, Nov. 23, I774, 3 Dr. 
Joseph Adams of Townsend. He was an uncompro- 
mising loyalist, and was born in Lincoln, Jan. 30, 
I 749~5- 4 During the Revolutionary war he visited 

1 The sermon preached on this occasion was published. It was " printed by 
S. Kneeland, in Queen Street, Boston, N.E. MDCCLXI." 

2 Family Register, Liskeard, Eng. 

3 The date of this marriage has been usually given as Sept. 4, 1770. This 
is incorrect. The banns were published Sept. 18, 1774. 

4 For further information concerning Dr. Joseph Adams, see Sawtelle's 
History of Townsend. 



or /'///.' /.. i n 'A' /'.v c/-: I-AMII.Y. 75 

England, and decided to make his home at Liskeard 
in Cornwall. His wife, accompanied by her brother 
Abel, then a young- child, soon after joined him there. 
Dr. Adams served for a time ;is surgeon in the British 
navy. \Vhile on board H. M. S. " Pegasus," Jan. 8, 
1780, with Admiral Sir George Brydges Rodney's 
fleet, he took part in an action against the Spaniards 
on Cape Finisterre, and had the pleasure of seeing 
eleven out of the twenty-three Spanish sail strike 
their colors to the " Pegasus." He practised medicine 
at Liskeard, where he formed a partnership with Mr. 
Palk. a Devonshire gentleman, 1 and later one with his 
brother-in-law, Dr. Abel Lawrence. 

The following letter, written by Dr. Joseph Adams 
to his brother Dr. Daniel Adams of Keene, N.H., is 
of interest from its allusions to the political situation 
in Europe at that time. It will be remembered that 
Bonaparte was gaining a succession of victories in 
Italy, and soon afterwards seriously contemplated an 
invasion of England. 

Liskeard. Cornwall. i8 th April, 1797. 

My Dear good Brother, I received your kind and affec- 
tionate Letter, dated Keene, 2O th August, 1796 the latter 
end of Nov r last and last February I sent a Bundle of Letters 
to New England directed to Brother Nathan in which I 
enclosed one to you. The time is fast approaching when 
I fear a dreadful Convulsion will materially affect the Peace 
& Interest of this Country, as it has a Sister Kingdom's, 
whose power at this time seems to preponderate every 
other and threatens to give laws to all Europe. 

1 Letter from Miss Emmeline S. Edc, Feb. 2, iSSS. 



7 6 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

I fully intended to have settled my affairs here and revisited 
my friends in New England in June next, but the Continu- 
ance of the present War bars my Intentions. As I cannot 
dispose of my property here to any advantage nor engage 
for a Passage with safety until we are blessed with Peace. 
I am highly pleased with your ace*, of America and very 
much gratified with the kind invitation of my friends to 
become a Citizen in a land of Peace and Plenty. Whenever 
you hear that Peace is reestablished in this Country, you may 
depend upon my returning to America with all my family 
and till then I cannot with propriety and safety quit the 
place. Mr. Lawrence and myself in a Partnership earn a 
deal of Money, but the high price of Provisions and enor- 
mous Taxes render it impossible to lay by a Guinea for a 
wet day. I have often thought that one hundred acres of 
Ground upon or near some navigable River in America would 
be better than a Business in this Country of two Guineas 
Per Diem. 

You will be so good as to acquaint all my dear Relations 
and friends with my real Intentions and thank them all for 
their kind wishes. Please to give my kind love to your 
Wife and Children with a thousand Kisses and let them 
know that Uncle Joseph, now in England, means to pay 
them a visit as soon as the present War may be at an end. 
If I may tell you the truth respecting the present situation 
of affairs in Europe, all Italy, the Netherlands, Holland, 
and a great part of Germany are under the Dominion of 
France. 

Your sister, Mrs Lawrence and three Nieces join in 
wishing you and your dear family everything that's good, 

with 

Your very affectionate Brother 

Joseph Adams. 

Dr. Adams died Feb. 3, 1803. His wife survived 
him many years, and died in 1837. 




DR. ABEL LAWRENCE. 

FROM A PAINTING BELONGING TO DR. J. H. LAWRENCE, 
LISKEARD. CORNWALL, ENGLAND. 



OJ- THI- I.. I \VRENCE FAMILY. 77 

Their children were: (i) LOVKY, who was born in 
Lincoln, Si-pi. 30, 1775, and died there June 10, 
1770. (2) LOVEY LAWRENCE, born in Liskeard, in 1788, 
and who died, unmarried, Feb. 8, 1870. (3) MARY, 
born in 1790, \vho married William Tickell, a solicitor, 
of Liskeard. She died without issue, Aug. 14, 1876. 
(4) SrsANNA LAWUI:XCE, born in 1/92. She married 
Lieut. Robert Ede, R.N., who died in 1834. She 
died Dec. 5, 1879. They had nine children, of whom 
only three survived ; namely, 

(i) EMMIIIM Srs.\x EDE (now living unmarried). 
(2) j ISEPH ADAMS EDE, who died in 1842. (3) CAROLINE 
EMMA EDE, who married Thomas Dennis Rock, a 
merchant of London, Eng. They have seven children, 
and reside in Granville Park, Lewisham, Kent, S.E. 



DR. ABEL LAWRENCE, 

The youngest child of the Rev. William Lawrence, was 
born in Lincoln, Mass., Aug. 23, 1771, and went to 
live in Liskeard, Eng., when quite young. Subse- 
quently he studied medicine with his brother-in-law, 
Dr. Joseph Adams, and afterward practised in Liskeard. 
About the year 1801, he married Mary Hodge of St. 
German's, Cornwall, who died Dec. 2, 1860, surviving 
her husband half a century. He died Dec. i, 1810. 
They had six children : " 

(I.) THOMAS HODGE LAWRENCE, who was born Jan. 
5, 1802, and married July 16, 1832, Mary Collins, who 

1 Lincoln Records. 

2 The genealogy of the Lawrences of Cornwall, hitherto unpublished, is here 
given. 



78 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 



died July 10, 1844. ^ e was a druggist in Liskeard, 
where he died Aug. 5, 1857. They had four children : 

(1) CATHARINE MARY LAWRENCE, born May 22, 1833. 

(2) THOMAS ABEL LAWRENCE, born Aug. 31, 1834 
(living in America, a bachelor). (3) JOSEPH COLLINS 
LAWRENCE, born March 22, 1837. Married in Bombay, 
India, Eliza Grant. He died in 1881. (4) ELIZABETH 
LOVEY LAWRENCE, born May 22, 1839. 

CATHARINE MARY LAWRENCE, daughter of Thomas 
Hodge Lawrence, married July 6, 1858, Henry Caunter, 
solicitor, of Liskeard, and has five children ; namely, 
(i) Ethel, born April 30, 1859, who married Dec. 16, 
1886, William Hewetson, lieutenant R.N. (2) RICHARD 
LAWRENCE, born Oct. 4, 1860. He studied medicine, 
and has the following degrees : L.R.C.P. and L.R.C.S. 
(Edin.) and L.C.P.S. (Glasgow). (3) MABEL, born 
Sept. 18, 1861, who married Jan. 29, 1887, Charles 
Herbert Rock, of the firm of T. Dennis Rock & Co., 
London. (4) HENRY LYDE, born Feb. 2, 1865, solicitor, 
Liskeard. (5) KATE, born Nov. 19, 1868. 

ELIZABETH LOVEY LAWRENCE, the youngest child of 
Thomas Hodge Lawrence, married July 24, 1866, the 
Rev. Walter Alfred Prideaux, now vicar of St. Matthew's, 
Stonehouse, Devonshire. They have three children. 

(II.) DR. JOSEPH ADAMS LAWRENCE, the second son 
of Dr. Abel Lawrence, was born Jan. 23, 1803. He 
was a surgeon in her Majesty's service, and died in 
India, a bachelor, in middle life. 

(III.) MARY HODGE LAWRENCE, the third child, was 
born March 9, 1804. She died, unmarried, June 9, 1878. 

(IV.) ELIZABETH LOVEV LAWRENCE, sister of the 
preceding, was born in Liskeard, July 25, 1805, and 



OF THE LA \\'RENCE FAMILY. 79 

married I -A! ward Lyne, solicitor, of \Vadebriclge, Corn- 
wall. They had one child ; namely, MARY ELIZABETH, 
\vhi> \vas horn Aug. i, 1837, and married (first) in 
iS57 Francis Tamblyn Nicholas, surgeon, of Liskeard, 
wh<> died June 19, 1863, leaving one child, MARION, 
who \\as born May i, iSsq, and is now the wife of the 
Rev. Richard Augustin Chudleigh, Rector of West 
Parley, Dorsetshire. They have three children. 

MARY ELIZABETH LYNE (NICHOLAS) married 
(secondly) April 23, 1,868, Richard Stephens Lyne, of 
H. M. Customs, London. They have five children. 

(V.) Dr. JOHN HODGE LAWRENCE, the fifth child of 
Dr. Abel Lawrence, was born in Liskeard, March 2, 
1808. He has an attractive residence on Manley 
Terrace in the outskirts of his native town. He has 
served on the medical staff of the British army in 
India, and was at one time sura-eon of the Second 

O 

Battalion of Cornish Rifles. He has also held the 
office of " Provincial Grand Senior Warden, Free- 
masons." After attaining a merited prominence in his 
profession, he retired from practice several years ago. 
He was never married. 

(VI.) SUSANNA LANVKF.NCE, sister of the preceding, 
was born July 25. 1810, and still resides in Liskeard. 

Mr. Henry Caunter, a son-in-law of Thomas Hodge 
Lawrence, writes as follows concerning the Cornwall 
branch of the family : 

" None of them have suffered martyrdom for holding 
heterodox opinions, nor have they, like Mr. O'Brien, been 
deprived of their small-clothes in their country's cause ; nor 
even made a noise in the world by inventing a patent pill." 

" Along the cool, sequestered vale of life, 
They kept the noiseless tenor of their way." 



80 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 



CAPT. ABEL LAWRENCE 

(1730-1770), the second son of Col. William, and 
grandson 'of John of Lexington, married Nov. 14, 
1751, Mary Buckley of Groton, and had four children. 
He was town clerk four years, and for a like period 
a member of the general court. He was also chosen a 
selectman, and held a commission as justice of the 
peace. He enlisted as a soldier in the French and 
Indian war, and had the title of " captain " at its close. 
The following is from the records of Lexington : 

" Att a meeting of [the] Select men on Munday y e I4th 
Day of February, 1763, Will. Reed Esq Paid to y e Town 
Treasurer of Lexington 4 : o : o : which he received of 
Capt. Abel Lawrence of Grotten for y e town of Lexington 
supporting the French Nutturals [neutrals] Assigned to 
Groten." 

Abel Lawrence and his wife were admitted to the 
church Aug. 18, 1770. 

The following items are included in the inventory of 
his estate : 

" one blue coat. 9/, one Brown coller d coat 8/, one Blue 
Waist coat 4/, one Black Jacit 2/, one alwool Jacit ?/, 3 p rs 
of Stolkins 4/4, woolen yarn 21/7, tow yarn 2/10, sheep wool 
7/4, 5 pounds of hetcheld flax & other spining stuff 8/. 
wooden messuers [measures ?] 6/." 



Of- THE LAM'REXCE FAMILY. Si 



JONATHAN LAWRENCE, 

The seventh child of John of Lexington, was born 
Feb. 13, 1 706, and was admitted to the church Jan. 
22, 1727, wlvn nearly twenty-one years of age. The 
following month he married Elizabeth Swain ; and in 
i 729. according to the church records, he was "dis- 
missed to the East Church in Sudbury." In that town 
his oldest daughter Elizabeth was born. He removed 

o 

to Framingham about 1730, and returned to Lexington 
some ten years later. 1 He was a selectman in 1752, 
served as an assessor three years, and held other town 
offices. Here follow some extracts from the Lexington 
records : 

"[At a town-meeting] on Munday y e 21: day of May 
1744 ; Voted to Choose a. Com tee to Provide a Schoole-master 
& to provide Schoole dames & fix there places : viz : Ens. 
William Munroe : Ephraim Winship, Nehemiah Abbot: 
Jonathan Lawrance." 

At a meeting of the townspeople held May 21, 1759, 

it was 

" Voted that mr Jonathan Lawrence, Deacon Joseph 
Loring & Deacon James Brown be a committee to provide 
Rev. mr Clarke wood." 

"At a meeting of y e Select men on y e 29th Day of June, 
1 7'") i, then agreed that a womans school should be kept at 
mr Lawrence's." 

"At a Selectmens meeting, December 28th, 1761, "Granted 

1 These dates are given nfter comparison of the different town and church 
records. They do not correspond exactly with those in Temple's History of 
Framingham, p. 621. 



82 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

s d 

an order to pay to mr Jonathan Lawrence ye sum of 12, o, 
it being for what he worked at y e highway over & above his 
rate." 

"Also Granted an order to pay to Lawrence 2, 513, d4 
more, it being for his wifes keeping one of y e women's 
schools." 

Jonathan Lawrence died March 19, 1773, aged 
sixty-seven years. 

His will, dated June 17, 1772, and probated April 
20, 1773, contains this clause: "I give my negroes 
among all my children." 

Slaves were kept in Lexington from the early days 
until Revolutionary times. In the year 1738 there 
were about twenty in the town. The writer cor- 
responded in 1882 with a great-granddaughter of 
Jonathan Lawrence. This lady, Mrs. Polly Sayles, 
who is still living (1888) in Cambridge, 111., was born 
on the "old Lawrence Place" in Lexington, Mass., 
in 1799. She wrote, describing the homestead: 

" The house the colored slaves had was one story [high], 
with a slant roof from the main two-story house. It was 
plastered and comfortable." 

Mrs. Sayles has often heard her father describe how, 
in his childhood, he used to romp with the children of 
the slaves owned by his father, Bezaleel Lawrence. 

BEZALEEL LAWRENCE, 

The second son of Jonathan, and grandson of John of 
Lexington, was born in Framingham, Mass., April 13, 
1736. When he was about four years old, his father 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 83 

returned to Lexington, and made his home on the 
ancestral farm in that town. Bezaleel Lawrence was 
admitted to the church in Lexington, March 26, 1758 ; 
and on Oct. 19 of the same year he married Sarah 
Muz/ey, who was born March 30, 1/37. She was a 
daughter of Amos Muzzey, a wealthy citizen and large 
land-owner. Bezaleel Lawrence served five months 
in the American army in 1775. He was the tax- 
collector of Lexington in 1777. His warrant for the 
collection of the taxes of that year was obtained by 
the writer from the family of his great-grandson, 
Edwin Lawrence of North Leominster, Mass., and is 
now among the relics belonging to the Gary Library 
in Lexington. 

Bezaleel Lawrence died Feb. 6, 1797.' 

The following extract from the town records illus- 

o 

trates a custom which prevailed for many years before 
the Revolution. Householders were required by law 
to qive notice to the selectmen of their town whenever 

O 

they received into their families any stranger, whether 
as guest or domestic ; and if, in the judgment of the 
authorities, the newcomers were likely to become a 
public charge, they were thereupon " warned" to leave 
town forthwith. 

]'>e/aleel Lawrence informed y e Selectmen that lie had 
taken into his family as an apprentice in y e month of May 
List one Jonathan Ilolden. He came from Grpton. His 

circumstances to me unknown. 

Bez a . Lawrence. 
Dated 
Lexington. October y e 2nd. 1765. 

1 A great-granddaughter of Bezaleel Lawrence, Mrs. Charlotte IJlinn, and 
her two daughters are residents of Lexington. 



84 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 



MICAH LAWRENCE, 

The third son of Jonathan, and grandson of John of 
Lexington, was born in that town March 15, 1739, 
and was baptized April i, following, by the Rev. 
Ebenezer Hancock, associate pastor of the first 
parish. His boyhood was probably passed in Lex- 
ington ; and, as his mother was employed as a 
teacher of one of the town schools, it is likely that 
she had charge of his early education. He graduated 
at Harvard College in 1759, and taught school for a 
while at Lincoln, Mass., where his cousin the Rev. 
William Lawrence was settled. He afterward taught 
at Worcester, Mass., and on Nov. 14, 1/64, was 
ordained minister of the church at Winchester, N.H. 
Some particulars of his ordination and labors in that 
place have been given by his grandson, the Rev. John 
Lawrence, in the family genealogy. Micah Lawrence 
was a pronounced loyalist ; and this fact created dis- 
affection among his people, and led to his retirement 
from his pastorate at Winchester in the early part of 
the Revolution. He died in Keene, N.H., in 1794. 

BENJAMIN LAWRENCE, 

The ninth child of John and Anna (Tarbell) Lawrence, 
was born in Lexington " maye 28th day in the yeare 
I7I3," 1 and was baptized on the 3ist by the Rev. 
John Hancock. 2 He married Feb. 12, 1735, Jane, 
daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth Russell. 3 She 

1 See Family Register. Appendix, No. 9. 

2 Lexington church records. 3 Lexington town records. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 85 

was born in Lexington, July 19, 1711. Benjamin 
Lawrence was admitted to the church June 29, 1735. 
Their oldest child, Benjamin, was born in Lexington. 
In 1737 they removed to Westborough, where five 
daughters were born. 1 Although not formally dis- 
missed from the church in Westborough until 
February, 1749, they appear to have removed to 
Bolton the previous year, as the birth of their son 
Amos is recorded there July 26, I748. 2 Benjamin 
Lawrence died at Harvard, July 5, 1767. His widow 
removed with her son Amos to Ashburnham, where 
she died Aug. n, I/86. 3 

CAPT. AMOS LAWRENCE, 

The tenth and youngest child of John and Anna 
Lawrence, was born in Lexington Feb. 13, 1716, and 
was baptized when six days old. He removed to 
Groton in 1 742 or earlier. Following is the first 
mention of him in the town records : 

" Att a Leagall Town meeting of the Inhabitance of the 
town of Groton Assembled and meet att the Publick meet- 
house august 24th: AD: 1/42. Chose William Lawrance 
I". >q r moderator for said meeting. Voted that Shebuall 
Hobart Ju r . William Bennitt, Amos Lawrance and Nehemiah 
Hobart have Liberty to Build a Pew in the meeting House 
Over the womans Stairs such an one as they have already 
built over the metis Stairs." 

From recorded contemporary deeds, we learn that 
as a young man he was, by trade, a shoemaker, or 

1 Westborough records. 3 History of Ashburnham. 

3 Liolton records. 



86 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

cordwainer. In 1 745 he was chosen a sealer of 
leather, and in 1746 and 1748 his name appears in a 
list of duly licensed tavern-keepers. His brother 
William's name appears in the same list in the years 
immediately preceding, and it is likely that Amos 
resided for a time with him. In September, 1746, a 
French fleet of seventy vessels, under the Due 
dAnville, sent to avenge the loss of Louisburg the 
year before, appeared in the vicinity of Massachusetts 
Bay. In response to an appeal for assistance, the 
militia from far and near hastened to the defence of 
Boston, as apprehensions were felt for its safety. 
Capt. (afterwards Col.) William Lawrence marched 
with a company from Groton, and his brother, Sergt. 
Amos, accompanied him. 

The fleet, however, was so disabled by storms, that 
it set sail for France without having accomplished 
any thing, and after a brief term of service the 
soldiers returned to their homes. The clerk of 
the company was William Prescott, who won renown 
at Bunker Hill twenty- nine years later. 

" It appearing to the Com tee [of] the Town of Groton that 
adjoyning to som of the Land belongin to Amos Lavvrance 
of Groton the Town way is stratned and som of It Taken 
by his fence and he being willing to purchas some of sd 
Town way according to the Towns vote in that Case made 
november the 4 1734. In consideration of four pound 
seventeen shillings and sixpence old Tenour payed to us for 
the use of the Town haue sold to the said Amos Lawrance 
to have and to hold to him his heirs and assigns for euer 
Seuenty eight poles of Land adioyning to his own Land on 
both sides the highway . . . Square with Sam 11 Scriptures 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 87 

Land on the east side the way and so Running Till it comes 
to Luul belongin to the heirs of nathaniel Sawtell Esq. 
'. ling the Road four poles wide at the Least and we do 
he.ir by order the instrument to be Recorded in the Town 
book as a Good Title to him his heirs and assigns for euer 
witness our hands the 2 day of may anno Domi[ni] 1749. 

Entered Thos Tarbell 

Town clerk. 

William Lawrance, Daniel farnsworth. Thos. Tarbell 

Com* 6 ." 



The original highways in Groton were unnecessarily 
wide ; and the farmers who owned lands bordering on 
these roads had in many cases enclosed within their 
fences strips of public land, to which they had, of 
course, no legal right or title. 1 

Amos Lawrence, although now a resident of 
Groton, chose a wife from his native town. He 
married Nov. 7, 1/49, Abigail Abbott of Lexington. 
Her father, Nehemiah Abbott, removed from Andover 
to Weston, in 1714, and again, about five years later, 
to the south-west part of Lexington, now within the 
township of Lincoln. 

(The east part of Concord, the south-west part of 
Lexington, and the north-west part of Weston were 
incorporated as the second precinct of Concord in 
1 746. Nehemiah Abbott and some thirty others 
living in this district did not sign the petition for 
incorporation, and were therefore legal residents of 
their respective towns until the precinct was further 
incorporated as the town of Lincoln in 1754. The 

1 See Butler's History of Groton, p. 45. 



88 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

lands of the Abbott family lay partly within the present 
limits of Lexington and partly in Lincoln.) 

Nehemiah Abbott was a highly respected citizen 
of Lexington, and at different times filled the offices of 
school-committee man, assessor, and town treasurer. 
His daughter Abigail was born Jan. 26, 1721, and was 
baptized when three days old. She was admitted to 
the church Feb. 5, 1738. Although an authentic 
record exists of the date of the marriage of Amos 

o 

Lawrence and Abigail Abbott, the place is not 
mentioned. 

It is probable that the ceremony was performed at 
Lexington, where the parents of both parties resided, 
by the Rev. John Hancock, who had been the minister 
of the First Parish for fifty-one years, and who had 
also baptized each of them in infancy. He was the 
grandfather of the distinguished Revolutionary patriot 
of the same name. The records of marriages kept 
by Mr. Hancock prior to 1750 are unfortunately lost. 
It is possible, however, that the Rev. William Law- 
rence, a nephew of the bridegroom, may have been the 
officiating clergyman, as he had been recently ordained 
at Lincoln, in the immediate neighborhood of the 
Abbotts' residence. 

At about the time of his marriage, Amos Lawrence 
purchased several tracts of land in Groton, nearly 
three hundred acres in all, probably considering this 
to be a judicious mode of investing the money recently 
inherited by him under his father's will. And here we 
may remark that a predilection for landed property 
seems to have been from early times a prominent 
family characteristic, and the same trait is observable 
in later generations. 



Or 7 '///: LAWRENCE FAMILY. 89 

Amos Lawn-no- and his wife took up their residence 
in Groton on tin- hoin.-^icad once occupied by Nathaniel 
Lawivnce, where their sons Amos, jun., Nehemiah, and 
Samuel were born. He soon became interested in 
town at lairs, and was elected constable and collector 
in [752. At a town-meeting 1 , May 6, 1/54, it was 
voted - 

"that the meeting house Com tee provide one hogshead of 
rum, one Loaf of white Shugcr, one quarter of a hundread 
of brown Shugar. also voted that Deacon Stone, Deacon 
farwell, Lt Isaac woods, benje Stone, Lt John woods, Cap 1 
Sam" Tarbell, amos Lawrance, Ensign obadiah parker, Cap t 
bancroft be a Com tee and to provide Victuals and Drink for a 
hundread men and If the people Dont subs[c]rib anough, 
then the Com toe to purchas the Remainder upon the Towns 
Cost." 

These supplies were provided for use at the "raising" 
of the fourth meeting-house, an event which took place 
soon after (May 22-25). 

The frame of the church which was erected at that 
time remains to the present day; but the building has 
been faced about, and now stands at a right angle to 
its former position. 

On Dec. 2 of the same year, Amos Lawrence 
was appointed one of the committee of fifteen " to 
measure and Take a plan of the pew Ground" in the 
new church, and three months later he was again 
chosen a sealer of leather. Early in the French and 
Indian war, in 1755, the year of Braddock's ill-fated 
icdition against Fort du Ouesne, Groton, though 
herself no longer on the frontier, had yet to furnish 
her quota of soldiers to defend the outlying settlements 



90 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

against the Indians. Lieut. Amos Lawrence was 

c> 

detailed by his brother, Col. William, to place scouts 
along- the border from Athol to Northfield. 1 How 

o 

long he was engaged in this service, does not appear ; 
but it is evident that in those days the transition from 
civil to military life, and vice versa, was easy and 
frequent. 

In 1756 Amos Lawrence was chosen a selectman of 
Groton, and during the ensuing twenty years he held 
that office fifteen times. He was appointed one of the 
appraisers of the estate of his nephew Capt. Thomas 
Lawrence of Pepperell, who was killed by the Indians 
in 1/58. From the town records a few extracts are 
here given : 

"At a Leo-all meeting of the freeholders and other inhab- 

O O 

itance of the town of Groton quallified acording to law To 
vote in town afairs being assembled and meet at the Publick 
meeting house in said Town on fryday y e first Day of Sep- 
tember 1/58. . . . 3 ] y then y e question was put whether 
the town would add two to y e former Committee Chosen to 
provide a work house and it past in the afirmative and then 
voted and chose m r Elisha Rockwood and En s . amos Lawrance 
as an addition to the former Committee 

Recorded. 
Abel Lawrence, Town Clerk. 

In the warrant for the annual town-meeting, March 
i, 1/63, to be holden at " ten of y e Clock in y e fore- 
noon," article eight reads as follows : 

"To see if y e town will Confirm and order y e road [to] be 
and remain of y e same wideth as it is now used between 
Captain Amos Lawrance's dwelling-house and m r Peter 

1 Mass. Archives, liv. 521. See Groton during the Indian Wars (p. 169), by 
Dr. S. A. Green. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 91 

Su-vens's dwelling-house so as that y c said Lawrance may 
have y e benefit of passing and rcpassing to and from his 
dwelling-house afore said in ye severall Paths to and from y e 
said house as y e same are now Trod." 

At this meeting " the said Cap'. Lawrence appeared 
before the Town and engaged by his verbale Promise 
to Inclemnifie the town from any Cost or Charge they 
may be put to by reason of this vote." At the same 
meeting he was chosen " one of a Comittee to seat 

o 

y e meeting house a new and they are to receive 
instructions at y e next meeting concerning y e same." 
At a town-meeting, May 18, 1767, it was 

"Voted, To Discontinue a part of the two Rods Town 
\\'ay leading from the House where Jn. Bush now Dwells to 
the claypits where the same is now Trod & accept by way of 
Kxchange that way which is now laid out by the Select-men 
provided Cap 1 Amos Lawrance & L'. Hezekiah Sawtell 
Charge the Town Nothing for the Land. They are also 
allowed the Timber which is standing on the new Road & to 
have their highway Rates abated for this year." 

In 1760 he was first called "captain." Later, he 
was twice appointed one of a committee to reckon with 
the to>vn treasurer. 

In the years immediately preceding the war for 
independence, Capt. Amos Lawrence was a firm 
adherent to the principle of resistance to the unjust 
measures adopted by the mother country. In January, 
177^, as one of the selectmen of Groton, he signed a 
warrant for a town-meeting called " to consider the 
matters of grievance which the people of North 
America and the inhabitants of this Province in 



92 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

particular, labor under, relating- to the violation and 
infringement of their rights and liberties." At this 
meeting, held on the 25th of the month, he was chosen 
one of a committee of eleven of the principal inhab- 
itants, " to consider what is best for the town to do, 
and to report a draft of votes and resolves relative to 
the rights of this Province." A fortnight later, the 

<!> *-* 

committee made a report, 1 a copy of which was sent to 
the Boston Committee of Correspondence. This docu- 
ment gives eloquent expression to the enlightened 
patriotism of those days, and is typical of the inde- 
pendent and manly spirit which animated our ancestors, 
not only at this period, but throughout the struggle 
for freedom. At a town-meeting held Jan. 3, 1775, a 
committee of inspection was chosen, consisting of fifteen 
citizens, including Capt. Amos Lawrence, who were 
instructed to further the carrying out of the resolves of 
the American Congress Association and of the Provin- 
cial Congress. Early in April, in accordance with a 
vote of the town, the names of certain citizens of Tory 
proclivities were posted in the public-houses of the 
town. These details have been given with a view to 
emphasize the fact that Capt. Amos Lawrence was not 
only an efficient town officer, but was also fully alive 
to the wider interests which claimed his attention as a 
patriot. 

In 17/7 he was one of a committee to make 
provision for the settlement of the Rev. Daniel 
Chaplin as minister of the church in Groton. In the 
following year he was elected a surveyor of highways. 
On March 12, 1781, Judge Sullivan, Dr. Prescott, 

1 See Butler's history for this report and subsequent proceedings. 



OF Till-: LA \\-RENCE FAMILY. 93 

Capt. Amos Lawrence, Dr. Bancroft, and Lieut. Elisha 
Koi/kwtnul were chosen a committee " to consider and 
report \vhat shall be done by the Town to redress the 
grievances complained of by the society at the north 
end of tlie Town." 

Mrs. Abigail Lawrence died Jan. 6, 1784; and her 
husband's death occurred June 20, 1/85.' 



THE HOMESTEAD IN GROTON, 

Now owned and occupied by William Peabody, and 
situated on the road to Aver, a little south of the 

j 

point where the cross-road to Farmer's Row diverges, 
has an interest for the Lawrence family, on account of 
its early and later associations. The house is a some- 
what prominent landmark, because of its elevated 
position on a ridge overlooking James's Brook. There 
is nothing in its outward aspect to distinguish it from 
hundreds of thrifty-looking farmhouses scattered over 
New England. To trace the ownership of this home- 
stead from the days when the dusky red-man still 
lurked in the neighborhood, has been a pleasant task. 
Ensign Nathaniel Lawrence lived here for some years, 
having purchased it probably about 1683, as elsewhere 
stated. Early in the following year, he bought of 
John Morse a four-acre lot adjoining this farm on the 

1 A hall clock which was given to Abigail Abbott at the time of her marriage 
to Capt. . \m<>s Lawrence, in 1749, is n\v <. \\ned by Abbott I nurture, Ksq., of 
Boston. On the brass face of the clock is engraved, " l!rand, I'.oston " (Kngland). 

The Rev. David Fosdick of Groton, who marritd in 1.^41 Saiah Lawrence 
Woodbury, a great-granddaughter of Capt. Amos Lawrence, has a large square 
table wiih turned legs connected by wooden bars, and used by Abigail Lawrence 
for cutting cloth. 



94 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

east, and bordering- on the great road to Boston, and 
on the Indian Hills. (See Appendix, No. 5.) After 
this, the estate came into the possession of Daniel 
Cady, a carpenter, who sold it May i, 1707, for ^55 
in " currant money," to Jonathan Whitcomb, a tanner. 
It is thus described at this time : 

"a ffour acre & a halfe right, house & Lands ; one house 
Lott and medow bounded East on y e Country Road, north 
on Obadiah Sawtell and William Longley's Broad meadow, 
west on y e town highway and south on Sam 11 Scripture." 

On March 2, 1710, the place was sold to Samuel 
Barron, husbandman, who owned it for nearly forty 
years, and who conveyed it, with other lands, Dec. 19, 
1748, to Amos Lawrence, cordwainer. 

Thus the latter, influenced, it may be, partly by 
practical considerations, and partly by sentiment, 
acquired the former home of his grandfather Nathaniel. 
Here his children, Amos, jun., Nehemiah, and Samuel, 
were born, and also his grandson Luther. In 1785 
the estate was inherited by the oldest son, Amos, jun. ; 
and after his death, in 1798, it was assigned to his 
widow Betty and her children. She died in 1822 ; and 
the farm then became the property of her surviving 
son, Asa Lawrence, who continued to reside there 
until June, 1838, at which time he left Groton, and 
went to live with his only son, Benjamin Franklin 
Lawrence, near Belvidere, in Boone County, on the 
northern border of the State of Illinois. His death 
occurred there some three years later. After 1838 
the homestead passed into other hands, and has been 
since owned successively by Andrew Shattuck, Stowe 
Hildreth, and William Peabody. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 95 

LIEUT. AMOS LAWRENCE, Junior, 

The eldest son of Capt. Amos and Abigail (Abbott) 
Lawrence, and grandson of John of Lexington, was 
born in Groton, Sept. 9, 1750, and married Dec. 31, 
1772, Betty, the second daughter of Nathan and Mary 
(Patterson) Hubbarcl of Groton. She was born Dec. 
24, 1750. They were admitted to full communion in 
the church Sept. 12, 1773. When the news of the 
Lexington battle came, Amos Lawrence, jun., marched 
to Cambridge with Capt. John Sawtell's company in 
Col. James Prescott's militia regiment. He received 
payment for three weeks' service at this time. In 1 776 
he was first lieutenant of Capt. J. Holden's company, 
Sixth Middlesex Regiment. He served the town as 
selectman three years, and also as surveyor of high- 
ways, tithing-man, and warden. 

Of his six children, a daughter Betsey, and two 
sons Amos and Asa, lived to mature age. 

Lieut. Amos Lawrence, jun., died May i, 1/98, in 
his forty-eighth year. 

The inventory of his estate (Middlesex Registry of 
Probate, Oct. 7, 1798) contains these items :- 

"Dwelling house . . $500; Barn, Cyder mill and 
Shed . $100 ; Corn House, $20; the home farm, containing 
about twenty-three acres, bounded Northerly on land of 
Sam 1 . White Esq, Westerly on land of Amos Davis, Southerly 
on land of Oliver Prescott Jn r , Esq ; Easterly on a town road 
and land of John Loring, . . . 31000. one third of a 
Pew on the lower floor of the Meeting House . . . Sifi. 
also one Pew in the front Gallery, viz. No. 3 on the Men's 
side . . . $25. 

Whole am 1 , of Inventory . . . $2006." 



96 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

The committee appointed to appraise the real estate 
of Lieut. Amos Lawrence, jun., assigned to the widow 
Betty 

" the two rooms in the westerly end of the Dwelling-house, 
with so much of the Cellar as lies under them, and the 
Chambers and Garret over said rooms, with the privilege of 
passing up and clown the front, back and Cellar Stairs ; also 
an equal privilege in the Wells and door-yards, and of the 
passage from without into the great Cellar, as may be neces- 
sary or convenient, to carry in Cider or other produce." 

It appears from the Groton church records, that 

" Betty, wife of William Abbot, formerly wife of Amos 
Lawrance, [was] dismissed (May 4, 1800) & recommended to 
the church in Wilton where she now lives." 



NEHEMIAH LAWRENCE, 

The second son of Capt. Amos, and grandson of John 
of Lexington, was born in Groton, Jan. 14, 1752, and 
married Oct. 25, 1774, Esther, the third daughter of 
Zachariah and Elizabeth (Grimes) Fitch of Bedford, 
Mass. She was born Oct. 13, 1749. Nehemiah Law- 
rence and his wife owned the baptismal covenant April 
9, 1775. Their four daughters were born in Groton. 
He was a Groton minute-man, and a sergeant in Capt. 
Farwell's company in Col. William Prescott's regiment. 
He held at different times the offices of surveyor of 
highways, tithing-man, and fence-viewer. His resi- 
dence was on the place previously owned and occupied 
by John Bush. 

This farm became his own by inheritance, together 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 97 

with certain adjacent lands which his father had 
purchased from the heirs of Samuel Waldo and from 
I LIMU-S. William, and Oliver Prescott, and Hezekiah 
Sawtell. Nehemiah Lawrence died July 13, 1786, in 
his thirty-fifth year. 

The inventory of his estate, dated Sept. 19 of 
the same year, contains, among other articles, the 
following : 

" Grey Surtoot, 2O/, Best Blue coat, Jacoat [jacket or 
waistcoat] & Breeches 6o/ chocolate colour d Coat & Jacoat 
iS/ Fustion Coat, Jacoat & Breeches io/ Black Everlast- 
ing Jacoat & Breeches io/. Stock buckle & two Stocks 2/. 
silver knee-buckles 5/. Serge coat I2/. white breeches 3/. 
9 peauter platters 307 25 peauter plates 2O/ 5 peauter 
basons 4/4." 

MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE, 

The third and youngest son of Amos and Abigail 
Lawrence, and grandson of John of Lexington, was 
born in Groton, April 24, 1754. His early life was 
passed on his father's farm. 1 

He was a corporal in one of the Groton companies 
of minute-men. Late in the afternoon of Tuesday, 
April 1 8, 17/5, several brass cannon arrived in Groton, 
having been sent there by a vote of the Committee of 
Safety of the Provincial Congress. 

Tradition says 2 that the minute-men held a meeting 

In 1756 Samuel Barron in his will bequeathed to Samuel Lawrence, then a 
child of two years, the sum of ^13 dr> St/., "if the sd Samll live to the age of 
twenty-one years, but if he don't live to that age, Then the sd. sum to be Paid t<> 
the Two Elder Brothers of the sd. Samll Lawrence, viz : Amos Lawrence and 
Xehemiah Lawrence." 

2 Groton Historical Series, No. XVI., by Dr. S. A. Green. 



98 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

that same evening ; and that nine of them set out after 
dark, carrying lighted torches, and, marching during 
the night, reached Concord very early on Wednesday 
morning. Having breakfasted, they joined the minute- 
men of Concord and the adjoining towns, and were 
participants in the fight at the North Bridge, and in the 
pursuit of the British troops as far as Lexington or 
beyond. 

The first intelligence of the battle of Lexington 
reached Groton at ten o'clock in the forenoon of the 
1 9th. Samuel Lawrence was at work ploughing in 
the field near his home, when his neighbor, Gen. 
Oliver Prescott, rode up and shouted, " Samuel, 
notify your men ; the British are coming ! " * Mount- 
ing the general's horse, the young farmer rode at the 
utmost speed, calling out the minute-men who lived 
in his circuit, which comprised the southerly part of 
the town, now included in the township of Ayer. 
After riding a distance of seven miles in forty 
minutes, he returned to his father's house, and then 
joined his company at the church, where brief services 
were held. Meantime the selectmen, Gen. Oliver 
Prescott, Col. James Prescott, Capt. Josiah Sartell, 
Deacon Isaac Farnsworth, and Capt. Amos Lawrence 
had been distributing arms and ammunition to the 
soldiers. At one o'clock the two Groton companies, 
numbering one hundred and one men, commanded 
by Capts. Henry Farwell and Asa Lawrence, and the 
Pepperell company, were on the road, and marched 
with all possible despatch to Concord and Lexington. 

1 Diary and Correspondence of Amos Lawrence (p. 17). By William R. 
Lawrence, M.D. 



OF 'J'lli: /..lll'Rl'.XCE FAMILY. 99 

to the distance, they were not able to reach 
the scene of action in season to participate in the 
;ting events of that afternoon; 1 but the same 
ning they reported at the headquarters of the 
American army at Cambridge, and that night, which 
marked the commencement of the siege, the Middle- 
sex minute-men were on duty, guarding the roads 
which led to Boston. 2 

And now the militia from far and near hurried to 
Cambridge. The farmers, in their haste, brought 
little beside the clothes they wore, and their fowling- 
pieces and powder-horns. Most of them had little 
or no food or money. 

Capt. Amos Lawrence, soon after the eventful 
1 9th of April, drove from Groton to the camp, 
carrying a wagon-load of provisions to his son and 
si me of his neighbors, members of the Groton 

o 

companies. During the ensuing eight weeks, Samuel 
Lawrence was, with his company, encamped at 
Cambridge, and acted as an orderly to his colonel. 

The regiment from Western Middlesex was com- 
missioned May 26. At twilight, on June 16, three 
hundred men of this command, including the two 
Groton companies, and forming part of a special 
detail under Col. Prescott, paraded on Cambridge 
Common. After dark they marched by a direct road 
(now Kirkland Street in Cambridge, and Washington 

O O 

Street in Somerville) to Charlestown Xeck, and thence 
to Breed's Hill, which they proceeded to intrench 
during the ni-dit. 3 In the battle of Bunker Hill 

o o 



r'- If:-- >ryof Pepperell, p. 336. 
- Frothingham's Siege of Boston. 

3 For some further details of Samuel Lawrence's experiences at Bunker 
Hill, see Groton Hist. Series, vol. ii., No. 2, pp. 40 and 55. 



100 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

the following- afternoon, the Groton companies were 
stationed in the redoubt, and behind the breastwork. 
Samuel Lawrence, at this time twenty-one years old, 
fought in the former position. He was near Gen. 
Warren when the latter was shot. When the British 
made the third assault, their artillery fire raked the 
line of the breastwork,, and the Americans stationed 
there were driven inside the redoubt. While some 
of the British battalions attacked the southern and 
eastern ramparts, others took possession of the 
deserted breastwork ; thus gaining a position on 
the north side of the fort, where was its only 
entrance. Capt. Farwell was severely wounded about 
this time ; and Samuel Lawrence received a slight 
wound on the arm from a spent grape-shot, and a 
bullet pierced his hat, cutting a furrow in his hair. 
He saw a British officer, whom he understood to be 
Major Pitcairn, scale the breastwork, and call to his 
men to follow. A moment later the officer fell, 
mortally wounded, into the slight trench outside the 
works. 

When the British at length entered the redoubt, 
and its defenders were forced to retire owing to lack 
of ammunition, Samuel Lawrence retreated across the 
brow of Bunker Hill, and thence over Charlestown 
Neck towards Cambridge. 

He remained in the army for more than three years 
after the battle of Bunker Hill, and was in constant 
active service with the exception of two brief fur- 
loughs. Of the details of his army life we have but 
meagre knowledge ; but our aim shall be to follow the 
movements of the Western Middlesex regiment, with 



OF THE LAU'RENCE FAMILY. IOI 



which he constantly remained. \\'e know that 

f 

the remainder of the year 1775, while yet a non- 
commissioned officer, he continued to serve as an 
orderly to Col. Prescott ; and the experience gained 
in this capacity must have been of value in his 
subsequent military career. 

In the latter part of June the regiment was with 
the centre division of the army, encamped at Cam- 
bridge. On the 3d of July it was ordered to take 
possession of the woods leading to Lechmere's Point 
(East Cambridge); and about the loth of the month 
it was stationed at Sewall's Point, on the south bank 
of Charles River, and near the present Cottage 
Farm railroad station. Here was built an extensive 
redoubt, known as " Brookline Fort," which was of 
irregular shape and very strong. 1 Connected with it 
were barracks for some four hundred men. On the 
opposite bank of the river, to the north-east, was a 
battery mounting three guns ; and on the south, 
between Brookiine Fort and Muddy River, on the 
present site of the Longwood Schoolhouse, were 
placed a small redoubt and a battery, all forming 
part of the semicircular fortified line which invested 
Boston. The regiment occupied a part of the Sewall 
Farm," including the grove to the north of the resi- 
dence of the late Amos A. Lawrence. Col. Prescott 



This redoubt was preserved in good condition until 1835, when the Boston 
and Worcester Railroad, whose course lay directly through it, was constructed. 
Afterw.irds Abbott's Wharf was built upon its water-front, and nothing remained 
but the well on the left of the driveway to the wlnrf, and the old ovens in a 
corner of the estate of A. A. Lawrence; and even these have now disappeared. 

rical Sketches of Brookline, Mass. I5y HAKKIKT F. W T OODS. 
Hist. Soc. 1'roceedings, 1869-70. 



102 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

had his headquarters at the house of Mr. Edward K. 
Wolcott, a son-in-law of Mr. Henry Sewall, jun. 

This house is situated on Beacon Street in Brook- 
line, about three-quarters of a mile west of the 
Boston line, and now forms part of the Stearns 
estate. On July 22, by order of Gen. Washington, 
the regiment was attached to a new brigade, 
commanded by Brig.-Gen. Heath. It appears to 
have remained at Sewall's Point most of the time 
until the following March, and was now known as 
the Seventh Regiment of Foot. On Jan. i, 1776, the 
date of organization of the new Continental army, 
Samuel Lawrence received a commission as ensign 
of one of the Groton companies, commanded by 
Capt. Joseph Moors. On the twenty-ninth day of 
March following, twelve days after the evacuation 
of Boston by the British, six regiments of foot, includ- 
ing Prescott's, started for New York under command 
of Gen. Sullivan. They marched to Norwich, Conn., 
and thence to New London, where they embarked on 
the Sound. Previous to their departure, the regi- 
mental commanders received a special exhortation 
from Gen. Washington x to " spruce up " their men, 
as they were about to join the troops from other 
colonies, and it was desirable that they should present 
as creditable an appearance as possible. After remain- 
ing a few days in New- York City, the regiment was 
stationed at Governor's Island in the harbor, where 
Fort Columbus had been built by the British in 1684 ; 
and here they remained in garrison until the end of 
the summer. 

1 Force's Archives. 



OF Till-. LAWRENCE 1-. \MILY. 103 

On July 3, the day 1>.T>>re the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, the commissioned officers of the regiment 
wrote a letter to Gen. Heath, in which they expressed 
their determination to ficrht to the last in defence of 

o 

their country, and urged the need of re-enforcements 
t< ) their little garrison. After the battle of Long Island, 
Aug. 2~, and the retreat of the Americans two days 
later, Col. Prescott withdrew his regiment from the 
island in excellent order, and joined the army at New 
York. 

This mancL'iivre was skilfully executed; for the regi- 
ment was in almost as great danger of being captured 
as at Bunker Hill, 1 and its escape was largely due to 
Lord Howe's failure to take immediate advantage of 
the d"feat of Washington's army. On the very day 
of the withdrawal of the regiment, Aug. 30, the British 
Meet under Admiral Howe anchored close to Governor's 
Island. 

After the evacuation of the city of New York by 
the Americans in the middle of September, the Middle- 
regiment was encamped with the army at Harlem 
Heights, and early in October it was posted on the 
bank of the Harlem River near Kind's Bridge. From 

O o 

a return of the commissioned officers dated the 4th 
of the month, it appears that many of their number 
were off duty by reason of sickness ; but we find that 
Ensign Samuel Lawrence was "on command." On 
the 1 2th of the month some four thousand British 
troops landed at Throgg's Point, the end of a peninsula 
which projects into the sound nearly o'pposite "White- 
hall, and about fifteen miles easterly from New- York 

1 T'..incr"ft's History of the United States, vol. ix. 



I0 4 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

City. Acting under orders from the commander- 
in-chief, Gen. Heath sent a detachment, including 
Prescott's regiment, some riflemen, and a field-piece, 
to oppose the progress of the enemy. The latter 
attempted to push forward towards a causeway and 
bridge which connected Throgg's Neck with the main 
land of Westchester County, but were driven back 
by the riflemen, assisted by Prescott's regiment and 
the field-piece. 1 The British forces then encamped 
for five days on the peninsula, after which they 
re-embarked. Meantime the Middlesex regiment, 

O 

strongly intrenched, had guarded the approach to the 
interior; and on the i;th it was ordered to Fort Inde- 
pendence, near King's Bridge, and thence four clays 
later it marched with Parsons' brigade of Heath's 

o 

division to White Plains, where the American army 
remained in a fortified camp near the village until the 
end of the month. The enemy meanwhile occupied 
a position on neighboring hills, eastward of the Bronx 
River. On Oct. 31 the army continued its northward 
march, and reached North- Castle Heights near Tarry- 
town. 2 A return of this date shows that more than 
one-half of the commissioned officers of Prescott's 
regiment were on the sick-list. 

On the evening of Nov. 10 the regiment arrived at 
Peekskill, and on the i3th was encamped about two 
miles above the town, at a narrow defile of the moun- 
tains. This position was of a great strategic impor- 
tance, as it commanded the southern entrance to the 
Highlands of the Hudson. To fortify and defend the 
pass, was the duty assigned the Middlesex minute-men. 

1 Irving's Washington. Heath's Memoirs. 2 Lossing's Field-book. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 105 

On about the loth of December, Prescott's regiment 
was sent across the river into New Jersey, and four 
days later was at Hackensack Bridge, near Bergen. 
On the 1 6th it returned to Peekskill, and remained for 
many weeks in that vicinity. During the month of 
January, 1777, Prescott's regiment marched with an 
expedition under Gen. Heath to King's Bridge, but 
had hardly arrived at that point when it was ordered 
to retrace its steps, and return to its former post at 
the Hio-hlands. Here, in the neighborhood of Peeks- 

O > 

kill, the regiment remained until the early summer. 
Meantime Col. Prescott resigned his commission, and 
retired from the army ; and the command devolved 
upon the lieutenant-colonel, John Robinson of West- 
ford. About the ist of July the regiment was trans- 
ferred to Rhode ' Island, and stationed at North 
Kingston ; and we learn from a muster-roll of this 
date, that Samuel Lawrence was now a second lieuten- 
ant in Capt. Nathaniel Lakin's company. 

The regiment appears to have been ordered to 
Cambridge for a few days in July ; ' and Lieut. Lawrence 
obtained a brief leave of absence, and hastened to 
Groton for the express purpose of marrying Susanna 
Parker, a young lady whom he had known from 
childhood, and to whom he had been for some two 
years engaged. His mother, Abigail Abbott Law- 
rence, favored an immediate union, in view of the 
vicissitudes of war. " Susan had better be Sam's 
widow," she said, " than his forlorn damsel." On the 
22d of July, while the marriage ceremony was in 
progress, the alarm-bell was heard, again summoning 

1 Diary and Correspondence of Amos Lawrence (p. iS). By William R. 
Lawrence, M.D. 



106 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

all soldiers to arms. This alarm was probably caused 
by the continued southward march of Gen. Burgoyne's 
army from Canada. Ticonderoga had fallen, and the 
northern States \vere aroused to a sense of danger. 

o 

Within the hour the bridegroom was on his way to 
the camp at Cambridge. Col. Robinson, on learning 
the peculiar circumstances of his marriage, granted the 
lieutenant a furlough ; and he was thus enabled to 
return to his wife for a brief visit, afterwards rejoining 
his regiment then at North Kingston. Here he was 

o o 

stationed during the autumn and winter following. 
On Dec. 31, 1777, he again returned to his home for 
a brief visit, and was present at the ordination of the 
Rev. Daniel Chaplin as pastor of the Groton church. 

During the year 1778, Rhode Island was to be the 
scene of active military operations. The Middlesex 
minute-men, after a long period of forced inactivity, 
were to take part in the summer campaign of that 
year. On the seventh day of August, while at Tiverton, 
Samuel Lawrence was commissioned adjutant of the 
regiment commanded by Col. William Mclntosh. For 
this position he was well qualified by more than three 
years of continuous military training, and also by 
reason of his stentorian lungs and far-reaching voice. 
He was for a time attached to the staff of Gen. 
Sullivan, and soon afterward was promoted to be 
major. On the 9th of August the American forces' 
crossed the Seaconnet Channel, and landed on the 
north end of the island of Rhode Island. The few 
British troops stationed at this point thereupon 
retreated, and the Americans followed, expecting to 
co-operate with the French fleet under Count d'Estaing 



OF THE LAM' RE NCR FAM1L\. 107 

in an attack upon Newport. Owing to the failure 
<>f the fleet to render assistance, Gen. Sullivan com- 
nu-:ucj a retreat on the night of the 28th, and the 
r.ritish pursued the following morning. On this day 
was fought the battle of Quaker Hill. 

r> *-^*t 

In an enslavement at about this time, Samuel 

o o 

Lawrence became separated from his command, and 
was in imminent danger of being captured by the 
enemy. He was, however, rescued by the bravery of a 
company of colored troops, who rallied to his support 
and held the British soldiers at bay, while he, urging 
forward his powerful steed, was enabled to escape. It 
is probable that this company was a part of Col. Greene's 
black regiment, which had been recently organized 

O ^ O 

by a vote of the Rhode Island general assembly. It 
is a matter of history that this command distinguished 
itself in this battle by repelling with great gallantry 
successive charges of the Hessians. We quote the 
words of another 1 on this point : 

"There is abundant evidence of the fidelity and bravery of 
the colored patriots of Rhode Island during the whole war. 

>re they had been formed into a separate regiment, they 
had fought valiantly with the white soldiers at Red Bank and 

where. Their conduct at the ' battle of Rhode Island,' 
on t h of August, 17/8, entitles them to perpetual honor. 

Its success was owing, in a great degree, to the good fighting 
of the negro soldiers." 

The campaign ended with the battle of "Quaker 
Hill," or " Rhode Island,", and the retreat of the Amer- 
icans to the mainland. The news of a battle soon 
reache-1 Groton, and a fond mother remarked that she 

1 George Livermore. 



IOS HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

"did not know but Sam was killed," whereat the 
young" wife fell senseless to the floor. A few days 
after this, Major Samuel Lawrence returned home, 
having resigned his commission and left the army. 
The date of his discharge was Sept. 12. His wife 
Susanna was living at his father's home, his own 
birthplace, the present William Peabody farm, which 
at this time was also the residence of his brother 
Amos, jun., and family. Here his oldest child Luther 
was born, Sept. 28, 1778. Soon after this Samuel 
Lawrence occupied the Tarbell place on Farmer's 
Row. On the decease of Capt. Samuel Tarbell, his 
farm was divided into nine shares, which were appor- 
tioned to the heirs-at-law. Between the years 1778 
and 1782, Capt. Amos Lawrence purchased all these 
shares separately, including two belonging to Samuel 
Tarbell, jun., which had been confiscated by the Com- 
monwealth in payment of a debt. The entire estate 
was inherited by Major Samuel Lawrence in 1785. 

The old Tarbell dwelling, in which most of his 
children were born, was taken down in 1796; and 
the oldest portion of the present mansion, where the 
youngest child, Samuel, jun., was born in 1801, was 
erected soon after on the same foundations. 1 While 
this oldest part was in process of building, the family 
occupied a tenement of Capt. Farwell's, which stood 
just north of their own dwelling. 2 

1 Letter from Samuel Lawrence of Stockbridge to James Lawrence, 1876. 

- Mrs. Xorman Seaver of Rutland, Vt., the oldest child of the Hon. Luther 
Lawrence, writes me ( 1887) that the family moved into the new house when Eliza, 
the eighth child (afterwards Mrs. Joshua Green), was five months old. This was 
in August, 1796. 

Letter of Amos Lawrence of Boston to the Hon. William Sullivan, 1834. 



OF THE LAU'RENCE FAMILY. 109 

After Deacon Samuel Lawrence's death in 1827, the 
farm \vas owned by his sons till their mother's death 
in 1845. It then became the property of the Hon. 
Abbott Lawrence, and afterwards was owned by his 

J 

son fames. It is now the residence of a son of the 
latter, James Lawrence, Esq., by whom it has been 
greatly enlarged and improved. The Lawrence farm 
has now a more than local reputation. The old elm, 
still standing in the front yard, was fully grown in 
Revolutionary times, and must be in the neighborhood 

* o 

of two hundred years old. 

Like his father, Samuel Lawrence early became 
identified with the interests of the town ; and we find 
his name, in 1781, as one of a committee to reckon 
with the town treasurer a position to which he was 
afterwards frequently re-appointed. The same year 
he was a member of a committee " to receive the claims 
of the soldiers, and estimate the depreciation of the 
money." He held nearly all the important town offices 
at different times, serving as assessor six years, and as 
"first select-man" and town clerk four years from 
1795. He was repeatedly chosen a surveyor of high- 
ways, and twice officiated as moderator of town- 
meetings. In February, 1819, he was a delegate from 
the church in Groton to an ecclesiastical council 
convened at Shirley. He was a member of the school 
committee three years, and occupied that position as 
late as the year 1823. In 1802 he was a director and 
inspector of the small-pox hospital. His services were 
frequently sought by hfs fellow-citizens in matters 
pertaining to the town finances, and in the management 
of schools. When twenty-nine years of age, he was 



HO HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

chosen a deacon of the church, and retained the office 
for more than forty years. He was also a justice of the 
peace. Samuel Lawrence was by occupation a farmer, 
well-to-do though never affluent. Both he and his 
wife had a keen appreciation of the importance and 
value of a sound education, and made every exertion 
to secure this advantage for their nine children. The 
latter attended first the neighboring district school, 
and later all were sent to the academy. 

Of this institution he was one of the founders, and 
for twenty-seven years a trustee. In its welfare he 
always took a deep interest and pride. In later years 
it was liberally endowed by two of his sons, and it 
was then called the "Lawrence Academy." 1 Samuel 
Lawrence was frequently called upon to arbitrate when 
controversies or disputes arose among the townspeople. 
" Such matters were invariably referred to him." Such 
is the testimony of aged residents of Groton, who 
speak from personal recollection. 

His hospitality was proverbial ; and the house was a 
favorite resort of his fellow-soldiers of Revolutionary 
times, who were wont there to meet and live over 
again in imagination the eventful experiences of their 
younger clays. 

The thrilling stories there often repeated were 
naturally of profound interest to the children of the 
household, and in after years were amono- their most 

J 5 

vivid recollections. Deacon Lawrence was an intimate 
friend and associate of his former commander, Col. 



1 The writer's father, William R. Lawrence, M.D., was a student in the 
academy in 1820; and his brothers, Francis W.Lawrence, Esq., and the Rev. 
Arthur Lawrence, received instruction there in 1849. 



Ol- Till-. /..////V/..VC/S FAMILY. Ill 

William lYesrntt ; and, living in adjoining towns, they 
Ir-'ijurntly exchanged visits, and always attended the 
old-fashioni-d muster together. It appears that 
Samuel Laurence sometimes furnished employment 
to apprentices and journeymen shoemakers, probably 
in the winter season, or when there was but little 
work to be done on the farm. In personal appearance, 
he is described as a short and rather stout, white-haired 
man. His finely shaped head was well set on his 
shoulders, and his figure was erect and military. Genial 
and pleasant tempered, he was a favorite alike with 
young and old. " Always on Sundays in the deacon's 
pew in front of the pulpit in the old church." In all 
the relations of life he was faithful and conscientious, 
and lie possessed the respect and affection of his 
neighbors and fellow-townsmen. He was held in good 
repute in the community wherein he lived, and his 
character did not belie his reputation. Of sterling 
integrity, he did not swerve from the path of duty, but 
guarded with jealous care the heritage of an honorable 
name. His sons won great distinction, and their fame 
went abroad; but it should never be forgotten that 
the corner-stone of their success was the moral and 
religious training received in their youth at the old 
homestead in Groton. Samuel Lawrence was present 
at the laying of the corner-stone of Bunker-hill 
Monument in 182=; ; and the fatiqoie and excitement 

'-j ' <j 

attendant upon a week's visit in Boston at that time 
were the apparent cause of a paralytic affection, which 
resulted in his death, Xov. 8, 1827, in his seventy- 
fourth year. 



112 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

An old cradle, now in the possession of Mrs. Amos 
A. Lawrence, is one of the most interesting family 
relics which have been preserved. The Rev. William 
Lawrence writes in regard to a tradition of this cradle : 
" When Major Sam Lawrence and family moved from 
the original home to the farm now occupied by James 
Lawrence, the cradle was found in the house which 
formerly belonged to the Tarbells." It is certain that 
some of Major Lawrence's children were rocked to 
sleep in this old cradle, whose record of useful service 
extends nearly to the present time. 

The hat worn by Samuel Lawrence at the battle of 
Bunker Hill, and which was perforated by a British 
bullet, was preserved until the year 1796. It was lost 
when the old Tarbell house in Groton was pulled down. 
His musket is in the possession of Prescott Lawrence, 

Esq. 

Among the Revolutionary relics on exhibition at the 
Old South Church in Boston, may be seen a leathern 
wallet (size about 6x3 inches) marked " S. Lawrance 
of Groton, 1775." It has also the following inscrip- 
tion : " Pocket-book used by Major Sam 1 . Lawrence 
while adjutant (1775-6) for carrying orders. The 
name was written by himself." James Lawrence, Esq., 
has two old Bibles, formerly the property of Deacon 
Lawrence, and containing valuable family records in 
the latter's handwriting. Abbott Lawrence, Esq., has 
his toddy-stick. 

Among the Massachusetts Revolutionary muster- 
rolls on file at the office of the Secretary of State is 
the following (vol. ii. p. 184) : 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 113 

" Muster Roll of Capt. Nath 1 - 1 Lakins company in the 
service of the United States Commanded by Col". John 
Robinson engaged for Six Months from July ist, 1777 taken 
to Dec'r 1 8th, 1777." 

Then follow the names of the rank and file. 
The officers were : 

Nath'l Lakin Captain 
" Commissioned 

(on Furlough) 

June 27th. 1777. ' . 

__. J , . John Chancy, ist Lieut. 

North Kingston. Dec r . iSth J 

| Sam 1 Lawrence, 2nd Lieut. 

[ Ephraim Brown, Ensign." 

On the margin is the following note : " taken from 
the papers of Susana Lawrence and of Lieut. Sam 
Lawrence." And on the back of the roll is written : 

" We do sware that the within Muster Roll is a True 
State of the Company Without Fraud to these United States 
or any Individuals acording to the Best of our knowledge. 

John Chancy Lieut. J 
Saml Lawrance Lieut, j 

Among the Revolutionary muster-rolls (vol. iii. p. 19) 
is the following : 

" Pay Roll of Bounty due to Capt. John Nutting's compy 
in Col" \V m M c lntosh's Regt Gen 1 Levels Brigade Militia 
from the State of the Massachusetts Bay on an experdition to 
Rhod-Island in July, Aug 1 . & Sep r . 1778." 

And in the list of officers we find the name of 
" Sam 11 Lawrance, Adjt. Date of Ingagement, July 
3Oth. Date of Discharge, Sept. i2th." 



114 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Copies of two commissions issued to Samuel 
Lawrence, the originals being in the possession of 
Abbott Lawrence, Esq. : - 

IN CONGRESS. 

The DELEGATES of the UNITED COLONIES of New-Ham pf hire, 
Maffachufetts-Bay, Rhode-Ifland, Connecticut, New-York, 
New-Jerfey, Pennfylvania, the Counties of New-Caftle, 
Kent, and Stiff ex on Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North- 
Carolina, and South Carolina, to 

Samuel Lawrence, Gentleman. 

WE repofing efpecial Truft and Confidence in your 
Patriotifm, Valour, Conduct, and Fidelity, DO by thefe 
Prefents, conftitute and appoint you to be Ensign of Captain 
Joseph Mores Company in the 7 th Regiment of Foot com- 
manded by Colonel William prescott in the Army of the 
United Colonies, raifed for the Defence of American Liberty, 
and for repelling every hoftile Invafion thereof. You are 
therefore carefully and diligently to difcharge the Duty of 
Ensign by doing and performing all Manner of Things there- 
unto belonging. And we do ftrictly charge and require all 
Officers and Soldiers tinder your Command, to be obedient to 
your Orders as Ensign And you are to obferve and follow 
fitch Orders and Directions from Time to Time, as you fhall 1 
receive from this or a future Congrefs of the United Colonies, 
or Committee of Congrefs, for that Purpofe appointed, or 
Commander in Chief for the Time being of the Army of the 
United Colonies, or any other your fuperior Officer, according 
to the Rules and Difcipline of War, in Pursuance of the Truft 
repofed in you. This Commiffion to continue in Force until 
revoked by this or a future Congrefs. Jany i, 1776. 

By order of the Congrefs, 

JOHN HANCOCK President. 
Atteft. Cha s Thomson secy. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 115 

STATE or MASSACHUSETTS BAY. 

IN NEW ENGLAND. 
by the Field officers of a Regiment raised by s d . State 

the defence of Kmerican [sic] Liberties 
'!'> Sam 11 La\vrance[,] Gentellman[:] Greeting. 
l>v Virtue of the Power Invested in us we do by these 
-cuts reposing Special Trust and Confidence in Your 
y Co[u]rage and good Conduct Constitute and Appoint 
you Adjutant of the Regiment Commanded by William 
M c .Intash Esq r . Col. you are therefore Car[e]fully and 
Diligently to discharge the duty of an Adj c . in s d . Reg 1 . And 
you are to Observe and follow such orders and Instructions 
as you shall from time to time receive from your Superior 
officers. . . . 

For which this shall be your Sufficient warrant. 
Given Under our hands att Tiverton this Seventh day of 
August 1778. 

WE M c lntosh Colo. 
John Buttrick L l Col. 
Jon a Minot Major. 

Copy of a letter from Major Samuel Lawrence to 
the Hon. Timothy Bigelow, the original being in the 
possession of James Lawrence, Esq. : - 

Grot :!, 22 Jan'y. 1799. 

My good Friend 

Sir, My brother afsefsors and myself are now at Cap . 

'uirdson's. Likewise the Trustees of Groton Ac. d - v , [it] 
being one of our quarterly meetings. Three from Pepperell and 
four from Groton are the whole which composed the Board. 
[I] also congratulate y<>ur Honour for the good news of our 

\vard lamU We have had a number of very agreeable 
evening visits since you left Groton. [I] only mention one at 
your h d . father's, among which [sic] your Dearly beloved made 



Il6 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

one of the Company. I want to see you at Groton. Sir, I 
shall take it as a favor if you will be so kind as to think of 
some matters you and I have conversed upon heretofore, you 
will much oblidge your friend and Humb le serv 1 , 

In the greatest haste 

Sam 1 Lavvrance. 
Hon ble T. Bigelow Esq. 

SUSANNA PARKER LAWRENCE 

Was the eldest of three daughters of William and 

o 

Sarah Parker, and was born in Groton Oct. 10, 1755.' 
Her father's homestead was about half a mile west of 
the point where the " Red Bridge " spans the Nashua 
River. The house was situated just north of the town 
poor-farm, on the road leading to the latter from the 
West-Groton highway. Here were passed the days of 
her childhood. Her father, William Parker, died Feb. 
i, 1761 ; 2 and her mother married (July 23, 1767), for 
her third husband, David Taylor of Concord, and with 
her children made a new home in that town. The 
Taylor residence was in the " east quarter," so-called, 
about one mile from the centre, and near Meriam's 
corner, where a cross-road to Bedford diverges. As a 
result of interviews with several old residents of the 
neighborhood, the writer learned that the house 

o 

occupied by the Taylors was taken down about 1830. 

1 William Parker first married (March 30. 1736) Susanna Kemp of Groton, 
by whom he had six children. He married for his second wife (Jan. 9, 1755) 
Sarah Richardson of Pepperell. She was born in 1721, and was the oldest child 
of Nathaniel and Hannah (Perham) Boynton of Westford, and widow of Abiel 
Richardson. 

The writer is indebted to Dr. S. A. Green for valuable memoranda relating 
to the parents of Susanna Parker. 

2 See p. 119 for extracts from his will. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. I 17 

It was a large structure, situated a few rods west of 
Mrriam's corner, and standing so near the road that 
the front door opened upon the sidewalk, while 
immediately behind the house loomed up the sandy 
rid^c which stretches away for a mile westward to the 

O * 

centre of old Concord. In this same ridge, we are 
told, the early settlers found refuge in caves. The old 
M'TKim house, on the east side of the Bedford road, is 
still standing. 

o 

The Taylor estate is thus described in a deed of 
March 25, 1757 : 

Joseph Taylor conveys to David Taylor of Concord, 
yeoman, "a Dwelling-house and barn with the land on which 
the same standeth, bounded Southerly on the County road, 
westerly on Samuel Ball's land, northerly by land called the 
Horse Pasture, easterly by land of Nathan Merriam, contain- 
ing two acres be it more or less." Middlesex Registry of 
Deeds, fol. 62, p. 106. 

At sunrise on April 19, 1775, the members of the 
Taylor household plainly saw the red coats and 
gleaming bayonets of the British regulars, as they came 
marching over a hill in the north part of Lincoln, 
ali nit midway between Lexington and Concord. 

Mrs. Taylor and her children then left their home, 
and passing over the fields sought a safe retreat on a 
hill in the rear of the house, from which they were 
eye-witnesses of the exciting events which occurred 
later in the day. When, on their retreat soon after 
noon, the British reach- -d Meriam's corner, they were 
attacked by a company of minute-men from Reading; 
and three of their number were left, fatally wounded, 



llS HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

by the roadside, within a short distance of the Taylor 
mansion. Later in the afternoon of the same eventful 
clay, the Groton companies were marching along the 
same road, hastening on to Lexington and Cambridge. 

Susanna Parker was at that time nineteen years of 
age. She was an ardent patriot ; and, like all true 
American women, she was devoted heart and soul to 
the cause of the Colonies. Doubtless her influence 
and the knowledge of her intense loyalty were a 
constant inspiration to her lover in those gloomy times. 

A prominent attribute of her character was energy. 
Starting early from Concord, on horseback, she was 
accustomed to ride to Charlestown ; and thence crossing 
the ferry to Boston, 1 she would accomplish her shop- 
ping, and return by the same route to Concord before 
niofhtfall. On one occasion, durinsf the prevalence of 

c!> 

the small-pox at Charlestown, she was obliged to 
submit to a process of thorough fumigation before 
she was permitted to resume her journey homeward. 
Her industry was another prominent characteristic. 
She was occupied with the hand-loom and spinning- 
wheel a goodly portion of each working-day, and in 
later years the material for her sons' clothing was her 
handiwork. 

In her husband's absence, the management of the 
farm devolved upon her ; and for this she was amply 
qualified, both by natural aptitude and by early train- 
ing as a farmer's daughter. 

She lived sixty-seven years after her romantic 
marriage, and attained her ninetieth year. Of the 
daughters of Samuel and Susanna Lawrence, Mary 

1 Memoir of William Lawrence (p. n), by the Rev. S. K. Lothrop, D.D. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 119 

married the Rev. Samuel Wooclbury ; Eliza married 
Dr. Joshua Green, and resided in Groton. The five 
sons, Luther, William, Amos, Abbott, and Samuel, 
became well-known citizens, whose names are identi- 
fied with the manufacturing interests of New England. 



Extracts from the will of William Parker of Groton, 
the father of Susanna Parker Lawrence : 

"To my Dear and well be Loved wife Sarah Parker I give 
and bequeath one half of my Dweling House and the Largest 
Barn as Long as she remains my widow. . . . also one 
Little bay horse and one yoke of oxen and four Cows and 
Twenty shoots [shotes]. ... I give and bequeath unto my 
well beloued Daufther Sibbel Parker one Cow and all the 
Housesould Goods that was her mothers Except two Iron 
kettles which my beloued wife is to hauve the use of as Long 
as she Continue my widow and after that my Sibbel is to 
haue them again for her own." 

His "wife Sarah Parker and beloved fri[e]nd 
Henery Farwell ' are named as executors. Date of 
will. Jan. 25, 1761. William Parker died Feb. i, and 
his son William Parker, jun., died Jan. 8, and daughter 
Sybil May 10, 1761, all three of the small-pox. 
(See " Groton Epitaphs," pp. 38, 39.) 

Extracts from the Groton records: 

" Amos Lawrance father of the Children under written 
Deseased June 2O th 1785 
Amos Lawrance the Son of amos Lawrance and Abigal 

his wife was born at Groton Sep r th 9 1750 

X 'icmiah Lawrance the son of amos Lawrance an 

abigail his wife was born at Groton January th 14 1752 



120 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Sam 11 Lawrance the son of amos Lawrance and Abigail 

his wife was born at Groton april th 24 1754 

Asa Lawrance the son of amos Lawrance and Abigail 

his wife was born at Groton June th I 1756 

Asa Lawrance the son of amos Lawrence & Abigail 
his wife died at Groton with the Throat Distemper 
on Nov r . 6 th . 1759 

Abigail the wife of the above named Amos Lawrance died 
January 6 th . 1784" 

Copy of a record in the family Bible of Samuel 
Lawrence, the original being in his handwriting : 

" My father, Amos Lawrence was born in Lexington Feby 

I3th 1716. 
My mother, Abigail Abbott was born at Lincoln Jan'y 26th 

1721. 

Her father's name was Nehemiah. 
Their children were as follows : 
Amos, born at Groton Sept. 9, 1750. 

Died in May, 1798. 
Nehemiah, Jan'y 14, 1752. 

Died July 13, 1786. 
Samuel, April 24, 1754. 
Asa, June 6th, 1756. 

Died Nov. 6, 1759. 
Susanna Parker, my beloved wife, daughter of Mr. Wm. 

Parker, of Groton, born October 10, 1755." 

Copy of a record in the family Bible of Amos 
Lawrence of Boston : 

MARRIAGES. 

Amos Lawrence, son of Samuel and Susanna Lawrence, 
born at Groton, Massachusetts, April twenty-second A.D. 
seventeen hundred & eighty-six and Sarah Richards, daugh- 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 121 

ter of Giles and S. illy Richards born at Boston, Mass. July 
twenty tilth A.D. seventeen hundred and ninety, were joined 
in matrimony in Boston by the Rev . Joseph S. Buckminster 
June Sixth A.D. eighteen hundred eleven. 

Amos Lawrence and Nancy Ellis, daughter of Robert & 
Mary Means of Amherst, N.H. were married at Amherst 
April 1 6, iS_M by the Rev. M'. Lord. 

Susanna Lawrence, daughter of Amos & Sarah Lawrence, 
and the Rev 1 . Charles Mason, son of Jeremiah & Mary 
Mason, were married in St Pauls church in Boston, June nth 
1838, by the Rev d Doct r Stone. 

William Richards Lawrence son of Amos & Sarah Law- 
rence and Susan Coomb[s] Dana, daughter of the Rev d 
Sam 1 Dana of Marblehead were married in S 1 Pauls church 
in Boston December 6 th 1838, by the Rev d Doctor Stone. 

Amos Adams Lawrence son of Amos and Sarah Lawrence, 
and Sarah Elizabeth Appleton, daughter of William & Mary 
Anne Appleton of Boston, were married at Boston March 31, 
1842, by Rev. Francis Vinton at Mr. Appletons house in 
1' aeon Street. 

BIRTHS. 

William Richards Lawrence born at Boston May 3 d 1812. 

Baptized by Rev. W m K. Channing in Brattle Street 
church. 

Amos Adams Lawrence born at Boston July 31, 1814. 

Baptized by Rev d John T. Kirkland in Brattle Street 
church. 

Susanna Lawrence, born at Boston May 23'' 1817. Bap- 
tized at Dedham by Rev. Joshua Bates. 

Mary Means Lawrence, daughter of Amos & Xancy Law- 
rence, born at Boston April 15, 1823. Baptized in Brattle 
Street Church bv Rev d J. G. Palfrey. 

Roh rt Means Lawrence son of Amos and Xancy Law- 
rence, born at Boston September 17, 1826. Baptized in 
I 'tie Street Church the first Sunday in January 1827 by 
Rev d J. G. Palfrey. 



122 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Susan Lawrence Mason, daughter of Rev d Charles & 
Susannah Mason born at Salem August 25, 1839. 

Francis William Lawrence, son of William Richards & 
Susan Coomb[s] Lawrence born at Brookline November 20, 

1839 
Amos Lawrence Mason, son of Charles & Susannah Mason 

born at Salem April 20, 1842. 

Arthur Lawrence, son of William R. & Susan C. Law- 
rence, born at Brookline August 22, 1842. 

Mary Anne Appleton, daughter of Amos & Sarah E. 
Lawrence Born in Boston May 12, 1843. 

} Twin daughters of Rev. Charles & Susannah 
Sarah & / 

,, Mason born at Salem nov r twenty-second 

Mary ( 

1844. 

Sarah, daughter of Amos A. & Sarah E. Lawrence born in 
Brookline on Saturday July 5, 1845 at 6 A.M. 

Robert Means, Son of \\ 7m R. & Susan C Lawrence born 
in Boston on Friday May 14, 1847 at about I P.M. 

[Amory Appleton], Son of Amos A. & Sarah E. Lawrence 
born in Boston on Saturday April 22, 1848 at io| o'clock 
A.M. being on the sixty-second birthday of "Grandpa Law- 
rence." 

DEATHS. 

Susan Lawrence, daughter of Samuel & Susannah 
Lawrence of Groton died at Boston August 17, 1815 aged 
27 years. 

Sarah Lawrence, Wife of Amos Lawrence, died in Boston 
January 14, 1819 aged 28 years. 

Samuel Lawrence died at Groton November 8, 1827 aged 
73 years. 

Mary Means Lawrence, daughter of Amos & Nancy 
Lawrence died at Boston December 8 th 1828 aged 5 years 7 
months and 23 days. 

Giles Richards died at Dedham June 3, 1829 aged 75 
years. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 123 

Mrs Susannah Lawrence wife of the late Samuel Lawrence 
Esq Died at Groton on friday evening May 2 d 1845, aged 
eighty nine years and a half. 

Mrs Sarah Richards wife of the late Giles Richards died 
at Roxbury in the same house in which she was born, April 
12, 1836, aged 67 years (sixty seven) (The house of the late 
D r Porter, now of his nieces M rs Dilliway & Miss Porter). 
(June 1844) 

Luther Lawrence, Mayor of the city of Lowell was killed 
on the 17 th of April 1839 by a fall into a wheel-pit of one of 
the Middlesex companies mills, aged 60 years. 

Mrs Susanna Mason, daughter of Amos Lawrence, died 
in Salem December 2 nd 1844, the tenth day after giving birth 
to twins, aged twenty seven years & a half. 

Amos Lawrence of Boston died at his own house Dec. 
3i st 1852. 

M re Nancy Lawrence, wife of Amos Lawrence, died in 
Boston Nov. 27 th 1866. 

William Richards Lawrence died at Swampscott Septem- 
ber 20 th 1885. 

Amos Adams Lawrence died at Nahant August 22 d 1886. 

Extracts from the oldest volume of the records of 
Plainfield, Conn.: 

Sarah Lawrance the daughter of Daniell Lawrance and 
Sarah his wife was born October 7 th 1709. 

Sarah Lawrance the wife of Daniell Lawrance deceased 
January 26th 1711/12. 

Daniel Lawrance and Hannah Jewell marryed nouember 
the 5 th 1712. 

Dainel Lawrance a Daughter born July the 22 1713. Her 
name is marye. 

Nathaniel Lawrance son of Daniel Lawrance & Hana his 
wife P)Orne octob r the 28th, 1714. 

Gidean Lawrance Son of Dainel Lawrance and Hanah his 
wife ]'">rnc March the I5th 1716/7. 



124 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Hana Lawrance Daughter of Daniel Lawrance and Hana 
his wife Borne Septemb r the 22. 1718. 

Ruth Lawrance Daughter of Daniel Lawrance and Hanah 
his wife Borne July the n^ 1720. 

daniel Lawrance and sarah Williams Was marled y e 4th 
day of march 1724/5. 

Elizabeth Lawrance Dafter of Dainel Lawrance and Sarah 
his wife was born The 6th Day of January 1725/6. 

anne lawrrance Dafter of Dainel lawrance and Sarah his 
wife Born august 22, 1727. 

Anne lawrrance Daughter of Daniel lawrance and Sarah 
his wife Dec[ea]sed Decemb 1 " 9 th 1728 

hester lawrrance Dafter of Daniel lawrrance and Sarah his 
wife born febry y e 10 day 1728/9 

Elis Lawrrance Dafter of Daniel lawrance and Sarah his 
wife born y e igth day of april 1731. 

Eunis lawrance Dafter of Daniel lawrance and Sarah his 
wife born y e 2O th day of March 1733 and Departed this life 
ye 29. 

Hannah lawrance Dafter of Daniel lawrance and hannah 
his wife Departed this life y e iSth day of May 1733. 

Nathaniel lawrance Son of Daniel lawrance and Hannah 
his wife Departed this life the second day of June 1733. 

John Lawrance son of Dainel lawrance and Sarah his wife 
born y e 2 th day of January 1735/6. 

Asa lawrance son of Dainel lawrance and Sarah his Wife 
Born June the I th day 1738. 

Thomas Lawrance son of Joseph Lawrance and marye his 
wife Born February the I st 1714/15. 

mary lawrrance Daughf to Joseph Lawrrance and mary 
his wife born January y e 27 th 1727/8. 

Daniel Lawrrance Jun 1 " and Rachel Kingsbury was married 
may 31 day 1725. 

Rachel lawrrance Daughter to Daniel lawrrance Jun r and 
Rachel his Wife woz Born apriel the 6th 1726. 

Gidon Lawrrance son to Daniel Lawrrance Jun r and 
Rachiel his Wife Wos Born nouembier the 2i th 1727. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 125 

Sibel lawrance Dafter of Daniel lawrance Jun r and Rachel 
liis wife l'rn y e 6 clay of September 1729. 

S irah lawrance Dafter of Daniel lawrance Jun r & Rachel 
his wife born y e 1 5th of april 1731. 

Kachiel lawrance Dafter of Daniel lawrance Jun r and 
R.K-hiel his wife Departed this life Septem r 8 day 1729. 

nathaniel lawrance son of Daniel lawrance Jun r and 
!: :chel his wife Born y e 21 day of June 1733. 

Ruefas lawrance Son of claniel larance Jun r and Rachel 
his wife born y e 3 d of august 1735. 

Joseph Williams was maried to Susannah the daughter of 
Peleg Lawrans of Grotten the 13 th of October 1710. 

Jeremiah Lawrance and olive Wheeler marriad y e 2 th day 
of febrery 1729. 

Nehemiah Lawrance Son of Jeremiah lawrance and oliue 
his wife Born march y e 18 day 1730. 

Joseph parkhurst and Sarah Lawrance marriad January 
y e 2O th day 1730/31. 

Isaac Lawrrance and lydiah Huet married y e 19 day of 
Decemb r 1727. 

Jonas lawrance son of Isaac Lawrance & Lydiah his wife 
born y e I th Day of Decembr 1728. 

Ksubah Lawrance Dafter of Isaac lawrance and Lydiah 
his wife born y e 8 th day of decemb 1 " 1739. [1729] 

Steuen lawrance son of Isaac larance and lydiah his wife 
born y e 26 of October 1732 and Departed this life y e I day 
of January 1733/4- 

amey Lawrance Dafter of Isaac Lawrance and Lydiah his 
wife Born Decemb r y e 8 th clay 1/34. 

Isaac Lawrance Son of Isaac lawrance and lydiah his wife 
born y e 5 th of march 1/37. 

Josiah Lawrance son of Josiah lawrance & Sarah his wife 
Born y e 22 day of march 1733. 

gidon lawrrance & Unis parkhurst wos mariad the first 
clay of august 1738. 

hannah lawrance dafter of gidon lawrrance and unis his 



126 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

wife born y e 18 day of Septemb 1 " 1/39 and departed this life 
y e 13 day of decemb 1 ' 1739. 

Unis lawrrance dafter of gidon lawrrance and unis his 
wife born y e 12 day of febury 1/41. 

nathaniel Lawrance son to Gideon Lawrance and Eunis 
his Wife Born Septem y e 23 rd - 1743 

Gideon Lawrance son to Gideon Lawrance and Eunis his 
Wife Born March y e i6 th 1746. 

raary Lawrance dafter of Gideon Lawrance and Eunis his 
Wife Born April y e 5 th 1748. 

Deborah Lawrance dafter of Gideon Lawrance and Eunis 
his Wife Born february y e II th 1749/50. 

From the oldest volume of the town records of 
Plainfield : - 

"At a Town meeting legualy worned in plainfield Decem- 
ber y e 3 th day, 1730, for chusing Town oficers, Isaac Law- 
rance, Jeremiah lawrance [and] Daniel lawrance Jim 1 ' [were] 
Recived Inhabitance and [allowed] liberty of voting in Town 
afairs." 

The above named were sons of Daniel, and grand- 
sons of Enosh Lawrence. 

From Massachusetts Revolutionary Muster-Rolls 
(vol. xxiv. p. 56) : 

"An abstract for Pay Due to Capt. Isaac Woods company 
in Coll . Jon a . Reeds Reg 1 of Guards at 4O/ pr month as a 
bounty for y e Gaurds at Cambridge Engaged for 3 month 
From the ist of April 1778 taken to the 3 d , 4 th & 5 of July, 
1778." 



OF TJ/E LAWRENCE FAMILY. 127 

Among- the rank and file of this company appear 
the names of Levi Lawrance, Will 111 Laurance, Thomas 
Laurance, Isaac Laurance, Nath 1 Laurance, and 
K.-fkicl Laurance. Of these Levi was probably a 
son of Jonathan of Groton, and grandson of Thomas 
of Cambridge Farms and Groton ; and William was 
probably a son of Samuel, and grandson of Major 
Kleazer Lawrence. 

It is likely that Thomas and Isaac were sons of 
Nathaniel, jun., of Groton, and great-grandsons of 
Enosh. Thomas had a son Ezekiel, at this time about 
sixteen years old. 

Col. Jonathan Reed of Littleton was a son of 
Major Benjamin Reed of Lexington, and was born 
March S, 1729. He married, in 1752, Sarah, a 
daughter of Jonathan Lawrence, elder brother of Capt. 
Amos Lawrence of Lexington and Groton. Their 
oldest child Sarah married, in 1769, Timothy, a son of 
Deacon Jonathan Lawrence of Littleton. A great- 
grandson of Timothy, Lyman Lawrence, is now a 
resident of Lexington. Col. Jonathan Reed served as 
selectman, assessor, and town clerk of Littleton. The 

'.lowing is from the records of that town : 

"August}" 27, i; ~. ive Jonathan Reed Esq an order 
for bnrditi"- m r David Lawrence schoolmaster Nine weeks 

o 

and one third of a week two pounds, eighteen shillings & 
sixpence in full f<>r Hording said Lawrence as p r his act." 

Col. Reed died Nov. S, 1790; and his wife, Sarah 
Lawrence Reed, died June 14, 1803. 



128 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

From the Littleton, Mass., records : 

MARRIAGES. 

September 3 rd - 1754. Jonas Lawrence of Canaan and 
Triphenia Lawrence of Littleton. 

October io th - 1754. Jonathan Lawrence of Littleton and 
Lydia Fletcher of Groton. 

August 29 th - 1754. William Stearns and Betty Lawrence 
both of Littleton. 

July 27 th - 1758. Asa Lawrence of Pepperell and Abigail 
King of Littleton. 

March y e 14^ 1761. Then the intentions of marriage 
were Published between m r Isaac Spaulding of Westford and 
mi s Susanna Lawrance of Littleton. 

Littleton, September y e 15 th - 1761. Then m r Parker 
Dale and mi s Abigail Lawrence both of Littleton were 
joyned in marriage by y e Reverend m r Daniel Rogers of 
Littleton by a Certifycate under his hand. 

(The banns had been published May 23, 1761.) 

Littleton. July 29^ 1769. The Intentions of Mariage 
between Simon Lawrence of Littleton & Sibil Robbins of 
Westford & Timothy Lawrence of Littleton & Sarah Read 
of s d Littleton were published on the aboue Day. 

Littleton. Nouember y e 3O th : 1769. Then m r Timothy 
Lawrance and mi s Sarah Reed, both of Littleton were 
joyned in marriage by y e Reverend m r Daniel Rogers as by 
a certificate under his hand. 

May y e i8 th 1771. Then the intentions of marriage were 
Published between m r John Lawrance of Littleton and mi s 
Hannah Davis of Acton. 

Littleton June 24 th 1780. Then the Intentions of marriage 
was Entred between m r . William Lawrence of Littleton and 
mi s Rhoda Wheeler of Ashby. June 24^. 1780. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 129 

Then the Intentions of marriage was entcrd between m 
\Y' U . S i Lawrence of Canaan and m ls Esther Dutton 

of Littleton. [Married Oct. 12, 1780.] 

Littleton. l)ecem r 13. 1/94. Then the Intention of 
Marriage was Entered and made public between Titus 
Tuttle of Littleton & Phillis Lawrence of Littleton. 

Titus Tuttle & Phillis Lawrence both of Littleton were 
joined in Marriage by Sampson Tuttle Esq. Jan>' 6. 1797. 

From the Middlesex County records (Groton 
I iistorical series, No. XIII.) : 

"Jonathan Lawrence of Littleton & Lydia Fletcher of 
Groton were joyned in marriage by the Rev d . M r . Dan 1 . 
Rogers of Littleton by his Certificate under his hand Oct. 
10 : 1754." 

From the records of the Proprietors of Littleton : 

Midd* ss. July 23 rd - 1755. 

Cap 1 David Lawrance Took the Oath relating to the 
Bills of Credit of the Neighbouring Govr mts and the oath of 
the faithful Discharge of the Office of Collector for the 
proprietors of Littleton to which he was chose y e Second 
(2) day of June last 

Before me 

Nath 11 Russell 

Just. Pac. 
A true entry 

Abel Prescott 
Prop r Clerk. 

From the Littleton town records : 

April 1773. 

\Ye, Amos Lawrance & Isaac Farnsworth Selectmen for 
Groton & Jonathan Lawrance, FJeuer Lawrance & Josiali 



130 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Hartwell, appointed by the select men of Littleton to Pream- 
bulate y e Line between said towns have this day attended to 
s d businefs & Joyntly agreed to renew y e bounds 

Amos Lawrance 
Isaac Farnsworth 
Jonathan Lawrance 
Eleazer Lawrance 
Josiah Hartwell 

Memoranda relating to the Lawrences of Littleton, 
Mass, (from documents belonging to the estate of 
the late Samuel Smith, Esq., of that town) : 

March /th, 1736. Major Eleazer Lawrence and others 
were chosen a committee to build a stone wall around the 
Littleton burying-ground. 

Lawrences admitted to full communion in the Church at 
Littleton previous to 1755 :- 

Peleg and his wife Ruth ; Jonathan, Experience, and 
Lucy, daughter of Eleazer. 

Members of the family who paid taxes in Littleton in the 
year 175 i : 

. s. d. s. d. 

Major Eleazer, 20, u, 7; Captain David, 21, i, 3; 

. s. d. . s d, 

Jonathan 12, i, 8 ; Eleazer Junior, 5 i ; 6, i. 

Jonathan Lawrence, jun., enlisted as a soldier during King 
George's war (1748). 

In 1775 Isaac Lawrence enlisted in the American army. 

July 10, 1776. Captain David Lawrence and Ensign 
Fletcher hired Timothy Baker as a substitute, and paid him 

. s. 

13, 1 6. 

Deacon Jonathan, Timothy and Simon Lawrence hired as 
a substitute a man named Lincoln. The latter failed to 
appear, and the quota was therefore one short. 

Dec. 2, 1776. "For reinforcing the Continental army, 
Deacon Jonathan and Timothy hired Jonathan Lawrence 



. 
and gave him 9." 



OF THE LAWRENCE mMILY. 131 

September, 1777. Thirty-clays men: Timothy and Simon 
Lawrence. 

Money and clothing contributed for the Continental 
army : - 

April, 1778. Timothy Lawrence gave one pair of shoes; 
Captain David one pair of socks and a shirt ; Deacon 
Jonathan gave one shirt and Samuel two pairs of socks. 

July, 1778. For " volunteer service" Captain David paid 
6 
14. For the nine months men in Rhode Island in 1779, 

. . 

Eleazer paid 10; Deacon Jonathan 12; Captain David 24; 

. . 

Samuel 45 ; Timothy 10; and Joseph 6. 



From the Records of the First Congregational 

t> is 

(Unitarian) Church, Littleton, Mass. : 

! rsons admitted to full Communion. 

leg Lawrence. Ruth ye Wife of Peleg Lawrence. The 
Wife of Eleazer Lawrence Jr. Jonathan Lawrence. Eleazer 
Lawrence. Kxperience Lawrence. 

Sept. i. 1754. Lucy Lawrence ye Daughter of Eleazer 
Lawrence. 

Dec r . 27. 1761. Captain David Lawrence. 

Nov r . 26. 1780. The Widow Martha Lawrence 

June 8 th . 1788. David Lawrence J ur - 

1793. April nth. Received to our watch and fellowship 
Patty wife of David Lawrence recommended to us by letter 
from the Church in Lincoln. 

1813. Sept r . 2. At a regular Meeting of the Church for 
the purpose of choosing Deacons, the Church Voted 

r 1 To chuse two persons to serve as Deacons in this 
Ch'h. 

2 nd They proceeded and made choice of Brother David 
Lawrence and Brother John Hartwell as Deacons, who 
accepted their election into s fl office. 



I3 2 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Persons that owned the Covenant. 

Jan'y 8 1737/8 Sam 11 Lawrence & his wife. 

March 31, 1754 Abel Lawrence & his wife ownd ye Cov*. 

July 1770 Simon Lawrence and his wife own d ye Cov t - 

September 1771 Timothy Lawrence & his wife owned ye 



June 19 1772 Jn Lawrence and Hannah his wife ownd ye 
& had y r Child baptized. 

July 23 1775 Joseph Lawrence & his wife owned ye Cov*. 

March 8 1746 The wife of Peleg Lawrence was dismissed 
to ye Chh in Groton 

Nov 2 1746 Peleg Lawrence was dismissed in order to his 
being laid in ye foundation of a 2 Chh in Groton. 

MARRIAGES. 

May 5 1737 Sam 11 Laurence of Littleton was married to 
Mary Hildrech of Westford. 

April 3 1740 Jabez Keep of Westford and Experience 
Lawrence of Littleton were joined in marriage. 

July 1751 Jonathan Lawrence & Martha Leighton were 
joined in marriage. 

February 20, 1745 Thomas Cuminge of Westford & 
Lucy Lawrence of Littleton were joined in marriage. 

Sept. 15 1761 Parker Dole & Abigail Lawrence were 
joyned in marriage 

Oct. 15 1761 Isaac Spaulding of Westford & Susanna 
Lawrence of Littleton were joynd in marriage 

Jany. 21 1762 Jonathan Fletcher Jun r of Westford & Mary 
Lawrence of Littleton were joyned in marriage. 

Sept. 28 1768 Sam 11 Clark of Westminster & Lucy Law- 
rence of Littleton were joynd in marriage. 

Jany, 29 1769 Daniel Stone of Groton & Martha Lawrence 
of Littleton were joynd in marriage. 

Tim Lawrence & Sarah Reed both of Littleton were joynd 
in marriage on ye 30 of November 1769. 

John Lawrence of Littleton & Hannah Davis of Acton on 
June 27 1771 were joyned in marriage. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. f 133 

Dcc r 6 1774 Joseph Lawrence of Littleton & Mercy 
\Vetherhee <>t" Stow were joined in marriage. 

' ' tober 12 1780 William Solomon Lawrence of Canaan & 
Esther Dutton of Littleton were joined in marriage. 

Dec r . 20 1790 Mr. Stephen Tucker to Miss Sybbel Law- 
rence [of] Littleton 

Feh v 24 1795 Reuben Lawrence of Ashby to Miss Lois 
Tenney of Littleton 

Feb. 23 1797 Mr. Elnathan Lawrence of Asby to Miss 
M.irv IVnney of Littleton. 

May 9 ht 1798 Mr. Willard Flint to Miss Polly Lawrence 
both of Littleton. 

Feb. 26 1801 Mr. Solomon Fletcher to Miss Dorcas Law- 
rence both of Littleton. 

BAPTISMS. 

May 12, 1793. George, Son of David Lawrence and wife. 

Aug 1 9 th . 1795. Lovey, Daughter of David Lawrence & 
wife. 

May 20, 1797. Hannah Adams, Daughter of David Law- 
rence & wife. 

; ' 15, 1804. Henry, Son of David Lawrence and wife. 



n, 1803. Rec d to Gospel privileges, Nancy Law- 
rence. 

From the Lexington, Mass., records : 

'in Laurance son of John Liurance, & Anna his wile 
born June 10 : 1688. 

John Laurance jun r & Flizabeth Stone were joyned in 
marriage in may 18 : 1710. 

Fiisabeth Laurance Daughter to John Laurance jun r & 

ibeth his wife born may 27 : 171 r. 

Llizabeth Laurenc I )aug'nte[r] to John Lawrenc and 
Elizabeth his \viffc Born may y: 277' 1711. [Duplicate 
entry.] 



134 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

*-* ' )* 

John Laurance son of John Laurance jun r & Elisabeth 
his wife born September: 24: 1713 

John Laurenc son to John Laurenc ; and Elizabeth his 
wiffe was born: Septemb r : ye: 24 lh : 1713. [Duplicate 
entry.] 

Sam 11 Laurance son of John Laurance jun r & Elizabeth 
his wife born October 3 : 1715. 

Isaac Laurance son of John Laurance jun r & Elizabeth 
his wif & born november 27 : 1717. 

Ruth Laurance, Daughter to Sam 11 & Elizabeth Laurance 
born janv 21 : 1725/6. 

Thomas Hadle and Ruth Laurance both of Lexington 
where Joined in marriage April 15 : 1741. 

Jonathan Lawrance & Elizabeth Swain ware Joyned in 
marriage Feb r : 26 : 1 726/7. 

Elizabeth Lawrance Daughter to Jonathan & Elizabeth 
Lawrance Born Feb r 19^ 1727/8. 

Elizabeth Lawrence Ditto Decesd January i6 th : 1732/3. 

Mary Lawrance Ditto Born November 30: 1729. 

Sarah Lawrance Ditto Born December 15 th 1731. 

Jonathan Lawrance Ditto Born february 5 : 1733/4. 

Bezaleel Lawrance Ditto Born April 13 th : 1736. 

Micah Lawrance Ditto Born March 15 th : 1738/9. 

Elizabeth Lawrance Ditto Born December 17 th . 1741. 

Anna Lawrance Ditto Born March 19 th 1745/6. 

John Lawrance Ditto Born June 5 th : 1748. 

Benjamin Lawrance son to Jonathan & Elizabeth Law- 
rance born Sept. 13 : 1750. 

Bezaleel Lawrance & Sarah Muzzey both of Lexington 
were Joined in Marriage October ye 19: 1758. 

Sarah Lawrence Daughter to Bezaleel Lawrence and Sarah 
his wife Born September ye 3 d 1759. 

Anna Lawrence Daughter to Bezalel Lawrence & Sarah 
his wife Born May y e 17 : 1761. 

Bezaleel Lawrence Son to Bezaleel Lawrence & Sarah his 
wife Born April y e 12 1763. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMIL\. 135 

Esther Lawrence Daughter to Bezaleel Lawrence & Sarah 
his wife Born June y e 30"' 1765. 

Bethiah Lawrence Daughter to Bezaleel Lawrence and 
Sarah his wife Born September y e 25 th 1/67. 

Jonas Lawrence Son to Bezaleel Lawrence & Sarah his 
wife Born Feb : ye 27 th 1770. 

Jonathan Lawrence son to Bezaleel Lawrence & Sarah 
His Wife Born Septcm r u th 1774. 

Thaddeus Bowman of Cambridge and Elizabeth Lawrence 
of Lexington where Joined in Marriage November y e 7 th 1764. 

John Hastings & Esther Lawrence both of Lexington 
Married Octo r . 7. 1784. 

Jonathan Lawrance of Lexington & Polly Reed of Bedford 
were joined in Marriage April 12 th 1798. 

Polly Lawrance Daughter to Jonathan Lawrance & Polly 
his wife Born April 28^ 1799. 

Esther Lawrance Ditto Born April 23 th 1801. 

Abigail Lawrence born Nov r . 8 th 1803. 

Elizabeth Swain Lawrence Do born Sep r io th 1807. 

Abigail Lawrence died Dec r . 23. 1826. 

Mr Bezaleel Lawrence Died February 6^. 1796. 

Mrs Sarah Lawrence Wife of the said B. Died Feb r 4 th 1819. 

Mr Royal Stearns & Mifs Esther Lawrence [were married] 
May 2. 1824. 

From the records of the First Parish, Lexington, 
Mass.; the Rev. John Hancock, pastor (1698-1 752) : 

July: 1700: Baptised Samuell Lawrence 

I novemb r . 1702. Baptised Anna Lawrence. 

24 : Fcb r 1705/6. Baptised Jonathan Lawrence. 

( Submitt Poulter. 
20 June 1708 Baptised. 

f Sarah Lawrence. 

31 May 1713 admitted | Bcn J amin Lawrence. 
19 feb r 1715/16 baptised Amos Lawrence. 
[Children of John and Anna (Tarbell) Lawrence.] 



136 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

3 : June 1711 : Baptised Elizabeth Lawrence. 
27 Septemb r 1713. Baptised John Lawrence. 
9 Octob r 1715 Samuel Lawrence was baptised at Lexing- 
ton by M r Fox. 

i Decem br 1717: Baptised Isaac Lawrence. 

14: Aug. 1720. admitted} Anna Lawrence - 

24: March 1723. Jetted j mary Lawrence - 

20 March 1726 Baptised Nath 11 Lawrence. 

21 Apr 111 1728 Baptised Rebekah Lawrence. 

[Children of John Lawrence, jun., and Elizabeth (Stone), 
Lawrence.] 

i April 1739. Baptized micah Lawrance of Jonathan 
Lawrance. 

[The above entry is from records kept by the 
Rev. Ebenezer Hancock, associate pastor from 1734 to 
1740.] 

20 Decem : 1741. Baptised Elizabeth Lawrence of Jona- 
than Lawrence. 

23 March 1746. Baptised Anna Lawrence. 

19 June. 1748. Baptised John Lawrence. 

16: Sept 1750. Baptised Benj. Lawrence. 

[Children of Jonathan and Elizabeth (Swain) Lawrence.] 

At the Request of the Church of Christ in Groaton 
(Nemine Contradicente) I went up on 25. Novemb 1 ": 1705 And 
Administred the holy ordinance of the Lords Supper to 
them & Baptised these persons following- 
Isaac Lawrence [son of Daniel and grandson of Enosh] 
[and 23 others]. 

20: Feb. 1725/6 Baptized Ruth Lawrence [daughter of 
Samuel and granddaughter of John of Lexington]. 

29: June 1735 : Admitted Benj n Lawrence. 

30 November 1735. Baptized Benjamin Lawrance, y e first 
Born of Benj 1 Lawrance. 

[The last entry is from records of the associate 
minister.] 



OF THE I \WRENCE FAMILY. 137 

Sep 9 1750. Baptized Sai h Lawrence of Bezaleel & 
Sarah. 

April 17. 17";,. Baptized Bezaleel Lawrence, of Bezaleel. 

July 7, I7"5, Baptized Esther Lawrence of Bezaleel. 

Oct r . 4. 1767. Baptized Bethiah Lawrence of Bezaleel. 

[The last four persons were baptized by the Rev. Jonas 
Clarke, ]u<tr from 1755 to 1805]. 

April 26, 1761, Baptized by the Rev. M r Gushing Dinah, 
X\'_n> M r Lawrence's. 

May 24, 1761. Baptized by the Rev. M r Lawrence [of 
Lincoln] Anna Lawrence of Bezaleel. 

i Feb r >' 1697, Receaved than Into the Communion of this 
church John Lawrence & his wife. 

15 Aprill i/ n. Admitted Elizabeth Lawrence to full 
communion [wife of John Lawrence, jun.]. 

jj [any. 1726. Admitted Jonathan Lawrence. 

13 Aprill 1729. Dismissed Jonathan Lawrence to y e East 
Church in Sudbury. 

9 January ,742/3 admitted j 

Lawrence by a letter of Dismission from y e East church In 
Sudbury. 

14 Octi)b r 1750. Dismist Prudence Monro to m r Law- 
rence's Church. 

April 4, 1756. Admitted Jonathan Lawrence junior into 
full Communion. 

Xov. 14. 1756. Admitted Violet, Xegro ser 1 to M r Jon a 
Lawrence, Her confession & relation being accepted by the 
Church. The same Day Baptiz'd Violet the above named 
Xe^ro servant. 

26: Xov r . 1747. Chose Jonathan Lawrence messenger for 
m r Trask's ordination at Keenborow. 

-\ 

24: Decemb r 1749. admiUe'l mary Lawrence. 
Mar. 2<~\ 175 s '. admitted Bezaleel Lawrence into full 
Commun: . 



138 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

June 28, 1761. admitted Elizabeth Lawrence Jim 1 '. 

Nov. 4. 1764. Chose Deac n James Browne and Jonathan 
Lawrence for the ordination of M r Micah Lawrence at 
Winchester. 

Jan. 25. 1767. Admitted John Lawrence into Communion 
[son of Jonathan and Elizabeth]. 

T./T /: TV j ( Jonathan Lawrence 

May 26. 1776, Dismiss d \ J 

( John Lawrence 

to the Christian Brethren at Ashby in order to gathering a 
CIA 

Persons buried in Lexington with y e time when they 
Died 

Deacon Lawrence 14-2 [April] 1724. 

Anna Lawrence 19-10. 1732. 

j on than Lawrence's child 7-4. 1744. 

John Lawrence 12-1 [March] 1747. 

Eliz a Lawrence (Aet. about 90) 14 [April] 1768. 

Wid. Elizabeth Lawrence, (A[e]t 83) 5-4. 1790. 

Feb. 12. 1735. Married, Benj. Lawrence to Jane 
Russell. 

Jan. i8 th 1750. Married, Abij ah Smith & Mary Lawrence. 

Oct. 19 th 1758. Married, Bezaleel Lawrence & Sarah 
Muzzy of Lexington. 

Nov. 7. 1764. Married Thaddeus Bowman & Elizabeth 
Lawrence both of Lexington. 

Nov. 15. 1781. Married, John Smith & Sarah Lawrence, 
both of Lexington. 

April 6. 1785. Married, Ebenezer Lawrence of Woburn 
and Hannah Estabrook of Lexington. 

May 2. 1824. Married, Royal Stearns to Esther Law- 
rence. 

April 30. 1829. Married, William H. Piper to Elisabeth 
S. Lawrence. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 139 

l ; rom the Lincoln, Mass., records: 

Lovey Lawrence, daughter of the Rev d M r William 
Lawrence & M rs Love Larence his wife was Born April y e 
1 8"' .lay 1754- 

Doc r Joseph Adams of Townshend and M rs [Miss] Lovey 
Lawrence of Lincoln, their intention of marraige has Been 
Published in Lincoln according to Law and a Certificet 

given 

p r John Adams 

Town Clerk. 

September}' 6 : i8 th 1774. 

Lovey Adams Daughter of Doc r Joseph Adams Jun r and 
M rs Lovey Adams his wife was Born on y e 3O th : Day of 
September A : D : 1775 and Died June y e : io th : A : D : 1776. 

Abel Lawrence, son of the Rev d Mr William Lawrence 
and M rs Love Lawrence his wife was Born August y e 23 day 
A.D. 1771. 

From the Records of the Church of Christ in 
Lincoln, Mass. ; the Re\ r . William Lawrence, A.M., 
pastor from 1 748 to 1 780 : 

Rec d - into Ch h fellowship 

1748. Dec r . 7. M r . Wm Lawrence his Dismission from y e 
I Ch h in Cambridge Being First Read & Rec d . 
i;5'i. - N< " vr Ilth - Love Adams. 
April 17. 1757. Joseph Adams with his Wife. 

BAPTIZED. 

1752. Apr 1 12. \Yilliam Son of ye Rev d W m Lawrence 
and Love his wife. 

1754. April 2i th . Lovey Daughter of W m Lawrence & 
Love his wifr. 

1755. Dec r . 28 th . John 1'rcscott Son of y e Rev d . W '" 
Lawrence & Love His Wife. 



HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

1758. Jany 8. Susanna D[a]ughter of M r . W m - Lawrence 
Pastor of This Ch h and Love his Wife. 

1762. Sept r . 5 ht . Phebe Daughter of W m Lawrence Pastor 
of this Ch h and Love his Wife. 

1764. March 18. Anna Daughter of W' m Lawren[ce] 
Pastor of This Ch h & Love his Wife. 

1767. Nov. i. Mary Daughter of y e Pastor of this Ch h . 
& Love his Wife. 

1771. Augt 25 th . Abel Son of W m Lawrence Pastor of 
This Ch h & Love his Wife. 

Rec d . into Ch h . fellowship 

1774. Aug 1 . 21. Lovey Lawrence oldest Daughter of the 
Pastor of this Ch h . 

Aug 3 d 1783. Sarah Lawrence, Susannah Lawrence, 
Phoebe Lawrence, Anna Lawrence and Mary Lawrence. 

MARRIED. 

Nov 1 '. 23. 1774. Doc r . Joseph Adams to M rs Lovey 
Lawrence. 

BAPTIZED. 

1775. Oct r . i. Lovey, daughter of Doc r . Joseph Adams 
and Lovey his wife and grandaughter of y e Pastor of this 
Ch h . 

Dec r . 26. 17/9. Thus far the Rev d M r W m Lawrence who 
died Apriel. 1 1 : 1780 : 

MARRIED. 

1783. Oct r . 30 th . 

M r Sam 11 Bass of Braintree to Miss Sally Lawrence of 

Lincoln. 
The Rev d . Edmund Foster of Littleton to Miss Phoebe 

Lawrence of Lincoln. 
1790. Dec r . 23 d . Mr David Lawrence of Littleton to Miss 
Pattv Adams of Lincoln. 



OF / HE /..HI 'A/-. \ < 7i FAMJL > . 1 4 1 

1'Yom the " Records <>i llirths deaths and Maryages:&: 

C:for the tonne of \Vooburnc In the County of Midlcsix 
in the Masathusels Colany In Nue England from the yeer 
of our Lord Jesus Christ (1641) [.] note hcer also y l the 
veer begins on the first clay of March Annualy : " 

BIRTHS. 

Olive Lawrence, daughter of Nathaniel and Bathsheba, 
Mareh 24. 1749. 

Jonathan Lawrence, son of Jonathan and Rachel, May 
24, 1752. 

Joseph Lawrence, son of Jonathan and Rachel, November 

12, 1754- 

Ebenezer Lawrence, son of Jonathan and Rachel, October 

1 6, 1757- 

Jonathan Lawrence, son of Jonathan and Elizabeth, 
December 1 1, 1758. 

Rachel Lawrence, daughter of Jonathan and Rachel, 
October , 1760. 

Elizabeth Lawrence, daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth, 
April 26, 1761. 

Benjamin Lawrence, son of Jonathan and Elizabeth, May 
28, i7<>.). 

Nathaniel Lawrence, son of Jonathan and Rachel, July 

-, i7 r >4- 

Dorei- I. .vrence, daughter of Jonathan and Elizabeth, 

September 7 [?], 1766. 

Ruth Lawrence, daughter of Jonathan and Rachel, 
ruary I 2, I 767. 

Micah Lawrence, son of Jonathan and Elizabeth, August 
22, 1769. 

\Villiar.i Johnson Lawrence, son of Jonathan and Elizabeth, 
Janinry I, 1773. 

Ebenezer Lawrence, son of Ebenezer and Hannah, June 
5. : 7' 



!4 2 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Joseph Lawrence, son of Ebenezer and Hannah, September 
23, 1788. 

Nathaniel Lawrence, son of Ebenezer and Hannah, July 
12, 1791. 

Jonathan Lawrence, son of Ebenezer and Hannah, June 
8 [?], 1794. 

Melicent Lawrence, daughter of Ebenezer and Hannah, 
May 17, 1796. 

MARRIAGES. 

Thomas Ditson of Billerica and Elizabeth Lawrence of 
Woburn, June 22, 1732. 

Elisha Tottingham and Sarah Lawrence, both of Woburn, 
May 27, 1736. 

John Lawrence and Mary Simonds, October 23, 1736. 

William Tuttle and Mary Lawrence, May 30, 1738. 

James Simonds and Anna Lawrence, May 12, 1740. 

Thomas Locke of Lexington and Rebecca Lawrence of 
Woburn, June 27, 1751. 

Jonathan Lawrence, jun., and Elizabeth Johnson, Decem- 
ber 13, 1757. 

Jonas Lawrence of Lexington and Dorcas Wood of 
Woburn. 

John Attwood entered his Intentions of Marriage with 
Elizabeth Lawrence, both of Woburn, July 3, 1751. 



DEATHS. 

Nathaniel Lawrence, January 6, 1737. 
John Lawrence, January 22, 1752, aged 63 years. 
Jonathan Lawrence, August r, 1793, 67 years. 
Jonathan Lawrence, May 16, 1795, aged i year. 
Rachel Lawrence, widow of Jonathan, April 21, 1823, 93 
years. 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 143 

Hannah Lawrence, wife of Ebenezcr, November 25, 1835, 
75 years. 

I seph Lawrence, February 8, 1836, Si years. 

I ' aeon ICbenezer Lawrence, January 12, 1842, 84 years. 

NOTE. In order to render the above list complete, certain extracts, 
previously overlooked, were supplied from duly attested copies (not 
rv; i>atim\ prepared by a town official. With a view to uniformity, the 
spelling has been modernized. 

From the Woburn records : 

Abstracts from Public Records Relating to the Early 
Plantation at Woburn. 

I (From Charlestown Records) 1643: "The 30: of the X 
month. (Margin) John Lawrance grant d a Lott on Mistick 
side & / & 15 acres towards / Wobourne./ 

(Text.) John Lawrance was granted John Seers Lott on 
Mistick s[i]d[e] if it be / not already disposed of, & Like- 
wise 15 Acres towards the Village./." 

Taken in Damage and Impounded by John Lawrance 
Jun r of Woburn August ye 28 th 1734 a cartain darke bay 
mair colt with a stair in ye forehead and a littel peice cutt 
out of ye under sid[e] of ye near eare and is Judged to be 
Two years old. 

Entred August ye 3O th 1734 

p r John Fowle Town Clerke. 

From the records of the Second Precinct of 
\Yoburn (afterwards Burlington) : 

[These records are kept at the house of Samuel Scwall, 
Town Clerk, whose father was- the author of the "History of 
Woburn." In this house the patriots John Hancock and 
Samuel Adams ti>,.k refuge on the morning of April 19, 

'775.] 



144 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

" At Lexentown Nouemberthe fi[r]st, 1730, John Larrance, 
Collecter [and the other] precinct officers Ware Sworn Before 
frances Boman esi one of His majestes Justeses of y e 
peece." 

From the records of the Second Parish of Woburn 
(Burlington) : 

" Dec r 28 th 1735. Elizabeth Lawrance was admitted being 
dismiss'd from Lexington." 

From the Westborough, Mass., records: 

Benjamin Laurence was Born of Benjamin Laurence and 
Jane his wife Novmb r 22 1735. 

Benjamin Laurence ye Son of Benjamin Laurence and 
Jane his wife Departed this Life October ye 13 1736. 

Abigail Laurence was Born of Benjamin Laurence and 
Jane his wife August ye 20 1737. 

Submit Larance was Born of Benj a Larance and Joan his 
wife July ye 29 th 1739. 

Elizabeth Larance was Born of Benj a Larance and Joan 
his wife March ye 7. 1741. 

Annah Larance was Born of Benj a Larance and Joan his 
wife August ye 19, 1742 

Joan Larance was born of Benj a Larance and Joan his wife 
March ye 2. 1745/6 

From the Bolton, Mass., records: 

Amos, son of Benj. & Jane Laurence was born July 26 th 
1748. 

Sarah, daughter of Benj. & Jane Laurence was born Oct. 
i I th 1750. 

Jonathan son of Benj. & Jane Laurence was born Sept. 

3 th 1754 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 145 



THE LAWRENCES OF KILLINGLY, CONN. 

At about the time when Daniel Lawrence, a son of 
Enosh, and his family removed from Groton, Mass., to 
\ nlirM, Conn., another person of the same name 
became a resident of the northerly part of the town- 
ship, afterwards Killingly. Of the ancestry of this 
latter individual, we have no definite knowledge ; but 
it is not probable that he was a descendant of John of 
\Yisset, Eng. This Daniel Lawrence was an early 
member of the church in Killinsfly, and was living in 

o * ' o 

that town in the year of its organization, 1708. No 
town records were kept until twenty years later ; but in 
tin: record of land-grants at Danielsonville, we find 
that " David Russell of Killingly sold to Daniell 
Lawrance, husbandman [May 15, i/ii] a cartaine 
tract or parcell of land att a cartaine place called 
Wood-hill," containing one hundred acres. 

Again, on Dec. 8, 1718, Daniel Lawrence bought of 
Samuel Spaulding " y e one half of a Right of a 
hundred acre division of land in Killingly which lyeth. 
in the purchase of land bought by the Plainfield men 
of Oweneco." 

On the first page of the oldest volume of the town 
records is the following : 

[1708] "Daniel Lawrence chosen surveyor of highways." 
"It was then voted that the bridg over the littel River in 
Daniel Lawrences field to be a cart Bridg." 

"At a meeting of the Inhabitants of Killingly Convened 
ither on the first tuesday of December, 1732; Chose 
Kdward Convers Constable ; and he hiered Daniel Lawrance 
to serve in his Rome and the town Accepted of him and he- 
is sworn." 



146 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

"At a Town Meeting held at the public Meeting-house in 
y e South Society in S d Town on y e third tuesday of January 
1734/5, Then Voted to pay M r Daniel Lawrence I2 s /9 d for 
his warning the Graves's, Thoit & Bliss out of this Town & 
traveling after Hepsibah Mackintier to warn her out of town 
& returning y e writ." 

Daniel Lawrence died April 8, 1747, leaving several 
sons. The following item (Killingly town records, vol. 
i. p. 4) refers to one of them : 

"Daniel Lawrance [jun.] and Marey Abbe, both of this 
town ware Joyned to gather in marriage by the Rev d . M r 
James Hale of Ashford the 22 d of Sept. 1731." 

In the records of the First Parish or North Ecclesi- 
astical Society, formerly of Killingly, now of Putnam, 
Conn., is 

"An Ace 1 - of the Names of those with Respect to whom 
Lett r Recom : & Dismissory have been obtained for y e more 
Orderly Translation & Pertaking of Speciale Privilidges with 
y e ch h of Killingley : 

Elizabeth Lawrence from Plainfield, May 13, 1721. 

Marey wife of Dan 11 Lawrence, Nov. 14. 1736. 

Mr Cabot baptized Asa, y e Infant son of Dan 11 & Marey 
Lawrence, May 20, 1743. 

Renewed Covenant, Esther Daughter of Dan 11 Lawrence 
[sen.] July 5. 1730. 

Received to Full Communion, Dan 11 Lawrence Oct. 15, 

1738. 

Baptized by R d M. Cutter, John y e Infant son of Dan 11 & 
Mary Lawrence, Aug. 24. 1735. 

Owned the covenant. Phebe wife of Elihu Lawrence, July 
30. I753- 



7V//-: LAWRENCE FAMILY. 147 

Klihu Larance & Phebc Wilson, married March 4, 1756 
by Aan>n Drown. 

Asa Lawrence & Lucy Joy, married Mar. 18, 1766. 
I'-aptized. John, son of Klihu Lawrence, Aug. 6. 1/58." 



Daniel Lawrence, jun., \vas a member of the South 
Parish church in Killingly, when it \vas organized in 
1 746. Two of his sons, Elihu and Asa, are frequently 
mentioned in the town records. Deacon John Law- 
rence, who died in 1832, was a son of Elihu. Asa had 
a son Lyman. Mr. Horace Lawrence, now (1887) 
about eighty years old, and a resident of Killingly, is a 
son of Lyman Lawrence. 

I-Yom the Killingly, Conn., records: 

Samuel Lawrence's mark for his Creatures is three slitts 
in the under side of the left Ear. Entered June y e 4 th - 
1735- 

[Samuel Lawrence was probably a younger brother of 
Daniel, sen.] 

Daniel Lawrance's mark for his Creturs is a sort of a 
notch Like a saw Carf [carved] out of the under side of the 
near Eare. Knired the 4 th day of november 1747. 

Elihu Laurance Mark for his Creteers is a haole [hole] 
out of y e uper side of y e nigh Eare and a Sqiare Crope of 
y e same ere. Entred may y e 28 Day 1761. 

Asa Lawrence Eare mark for his Creters is [a] Hole throw 
Each Eare Entered July the 7 th Day 1768. 

John Lawrence Ear Mark for his Creatures is a S wallers 
Tale in the Right Eare and Two Slits in the End of the 
Left Ear which was Kphraim Robbins mark Entered Dec . 
22" ' Day 1786. 



148 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Killingly Registry of Deeds (Book I. p. 15) : 

Nathaniel and Sarah Lawrence of Charlestown, Mass., 
convey an " Estate of Inheritance " to John Grover, Septem- 
ber 1 6th, 1717. 

From the Canaan, Conn., records: 

Gideon Lawrence Jun rs Eare mark for bis Creatures is a 
smooth Crop off the Top of Each Ear. Aug 28. 1751. 

Isaac Lawrences Eare mark for his Cretures is a square 
crop cut out of ye Left eare. Entered by David Wright 
Town Clerk, November 23 d 1763. 

Rufus Lawrence his Ear mark for his Creatures is a half 
Crop on the un'der side of the Left car. Entered May ye 
iQth, 1766, p r Jonas Lawrence Reg r . 

[Gideon and Rufus were sons of Daniel, jun., and Jonas 
was the eldest child of Capt. Isaac Lawrence.] 



"Thrice happy he whose name has been well spelt." BYRON. 4 

The family name is probably derived from the Latin 
Laurentius. It is now quite generally written Law- 
rence ; but La^lrence, Laurance, ,and Lawrance have 
also the sanction of reputable usage. 

Many modifications in the spelling of the name are 
found in old records and legal documents, and a list 
of some of them is here given : 

Laurenc. Laranc. Loranc. 

Lawranc. Larranc. Lorranc. 

Lawrrance. Larance. Lorence. 

Lawrrence. Larenc. Lorense. 

Lawranse. Larence. Lorins. 

Lauarance. Larrence. Lorinc. 

Lawarnce. Larense. Laurrance. 

Lawanace. Larrance. Lawriance. 

Lawrans. Larrans. Laureance. 

Lawrens. Larraness. Lawrince. 

Larwance. Larurnz. Lauarnce. 



OF TJIE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 149 

I -'mm the records of Canaan, Conn. :- 

Gideon Laurence of Canaan Married to Jerusha Richards 
of Norfolk the 3 rd Day of October 1749 

As Laurence Son to Gideon Laurence and Jerusha his 
Wife was Horn October ye 7 th 1750 

Stephen Laurence Son to Daniel Laurence Ju r and Rachel 
iiis \Yife was Born February ye 2 I st 1740/41 

Loes Laurence Daughter to Daniel Laurence Ju r and 
K Lchel Iiis Wife was Born April the 12 th 1743 

Daniel Lawrence Son to Daniel Laurence Ju r and Rachel 
his Wife was Born August ye 3O th 1748 

I iiomas Fellows of Canaan Married to Sarah Laurence of 
s d Canaan May ye Third 1750 

Hannah Laurence Daughter of Isaac Laurence and Lidiah 
his wife was Born y e 25 th Day of May 1750 

I.idia Laurence Daughter to Isaac Laurence and Lidia his 
wife was Born Desember 2 1747 

William Laurence Son of Isaac Laurence and Lidia his 
wife Deceased January ye 5 th 1750. 

Solomon Lawrence Son of Isaac Laurence and Lidia his 
Wife Deceased July ye 2i st 1750 

Nehemiah Laurence of Canaan was Married to Sarah 
Boardman of Sheffield by ye Rev nd Mr Hubbard y e 28 Day 
of November 1749 

Asa Lawrence y e son of Isaac Laurence and Lidia his wife 
Deceased y 24 th Day of July 1750. 

Lidia Lawrence ye Daughter of Isaac Laurence and Lidia 
his Wife Deceased y e 4 th Day of August, 1750 

Oliver Strong was married to Lois Laurence y e io th day of 
April 1760 

Lidiah Lawrence y e Daughter of Jonas Lawrence & Try- 
phena his Wife was born October y c 22 nd Day 1756. 

Lidiah Lawrence y e Daughter of Jonas Lawrence & Try- 
phcna his Wife Departed this Life January y c 5 th Day 1857 

William Solomon Lawrence the Son of Jonas Lawrence 
& Tryphena his Wife was born ye 31 st of October 1758 



150 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Neheraiah Laurence y e Son of Nehemiah Laurence & 
Elisabeth his Wife was Born June y e 7 th 1757 

Sarah Laurence y e Daughter of Nehemiah Laurence & 
Elisabeth his Wife Was Born y e 24 th Day of July 1754 

Jonas Lawrence was Married to Tryphena Lawren[ce] of 
Littleton on September y e 3 rd 1754 

Nehemiah Laurence was Married to Elisabeth Robbards 
y e 12 Day of April 1753 by M r Daniel Farrend. 

Johnathan Laurence was Married to Bette Green y e 24 th 
Day of June 1756 

Asa Laurence y e Son of Johnathan Laurence & Bette his 
Wife was Born April y e 3 rd 1757 

Bette Laurence y e Daughter of Johnathan Laurence & 
Bette his Wife was Born y e 15 th day of December 1759 

Isaac Laurence Jun r was Married to Mary Brown of Stock- 
bridge on y e 1 8 th Day of March 1760 

Elijah Cobb was Married to Amy Lawrence on y e 2O th 
Day of March 1760. 

Abiah Laurence y e Daughter of Jonas Laurence & Try- 
phena his Wife Was born November y e 3O th 1760. 

Lidiah Laurence y e Daughter of Isaac Laurence & Mary 
his Wife Was Born September y e second Day 1761. 

Elijah Lawrence y e Son of Isaac Laurence & Mary his 
Wife was Born y e 17 th Day of October 1763 

Abel Lawrence y e Son of Jonas Laurence & Tryphena 
his Wife was Born Septem 1 "- y e 22 d 1763 

David Laurence was Married to Sarah Tubbs Septem r y e 
i6 th 1756 

David Lawrence y e Son of David Lawrence & Sarah his 
Wife was born January y e 2 nd Day 1758 

Olive Lawrence y e Daughter of David Lawrence & Sarah 
his Wife was Born January y e 13 th 1760 

Nathan Laurence y e Son of David Lawrence & Sarah his 
Wife was Born January y e 25 th 1762 

Arial Lawrence y e Son of David Laurence & Sarah his 
Wife was Born January y e 3 rd 1764 



OF Till*. r.All'RRXCE FAMlfA. 151 

I 'Imathan Laurence the Son of Johnathan Laurence & 
Bette h;s Wi;e was Horn February y e 2O th 1762 

L \\iia Laurence the Daughter of Johnathan Laurence & 
Bette his \Vifc Was Born September y tf 13 th 1763 

Abiram I. '.\vrence the Son of Johnathan Laurence and 
Bette his Wife Was Born August iQ th 1765 

Willard Green Was Married to Eunice Laurence March 

y e i s 1759 

Sarah Lawrence the Daughter of Nathaniel Lawrence & 
Sarah his Wife Was Born February y e 19 th 1759 

Martha Laurence the Daughter of Nathaniel Laurence & 
Sarah his Wife was Born January y e n th 1761 

Anfon Laurence the Son of Nathaniel Laurence & Sarah 
his Wife was Born May y e I st 1763 

Sarah Laurence the Wife of Nathaniel Lawrence Deceafed 
March y e 9 th 1765 & in the 25 th year of her age 

Josiah Laurence the Son of Jonas Lawrence & Tryphena 
his Wife Was Born October y e i6 th 1765 

Lydia Laurence the Wife of Isaac Laurence Deceafed 
November y e 14 th 1767 

Samuel Laurence the Son of Isaac Lawrence Jun r & Mary 
his Wife was Born November y e 19 th 1765 

Isaac Laurence the Son of Isaac Laurence Jun r & Mary 
his Wife was Born November ye 22 nd 1767 

Olive Lawrence the Daughter of Johnathan Laurence & 
Bette his Wife was Born August y e 2O th 1767 

Tryphena Lawrence the Daughter of Jonas Laurence and 
Tryphena his Wife Was Born July the 4 th 1768. 

Mary Laurence Daughter to Isaac Lawrence Jr. and his 
wife was Born May y e 4 th AD 1770 

Ruhiff Laurence Son to Johnathan Laurence and Bette 
his Wife was Born January y e io th AD 1771 

Olive Lawrence wife to Jeremiah Lawrence Deceaf ed April 
yc , 7 th AD 1772 

Jeremiah Lawrence was Married to Elifabeth Smith June 
y e 23 rd AD 1772 



I5 2 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Apame Lawrence Daughter to Isaac Laurence Jun r and 
Mary his Wife was Born December y e 7 th 1772 

Elifabeth Lawrence Wife of Jeremiah Lawrence Departed 
this Life March y e 3i st 1772 

Jabes Lawrence Son to Jeremiah Lawrence and Elifabeth 
his Wife was Born March 24 th 1772 

Jeremiah Laurence was Married to Elifabith Higbee July 
y e 6 th AD 1773 

William Laurence Son to Jeremiah Laurence and Elifa- 
beth his Wife was born October y e iQ th 1774 

Benjamine and Joseph Lawrence Sons to Johnathan Law- 
rence and Bette his Wife was Born may y e 25 th 1774 

Zimery [?] Laurence Son to Johnathan Laurence and 
Bette his Wife Was Born September ye 4 th 1772 

Afa Lawrence was Married to Lucy Miller January y e 
1770 

Eunice Laurence Daughter to Afa Laurence and Lucy his 
wife was born December ye 29 th 1771 

Jedediah Laurence Son to Afa Laurence & Lucy his Wife 
was born March ye 4 th 1 774 

Abigail Laurence Daughter to Johnathan Laurence & 
Bette his Wife was born April y e 28 th 1776 

Putnam Laurence Son to Jeremiah Laurence & Elizabeth 
his [Wife] was born December ye 3 rd 1776 

Joseph Kingman was married to Sarah Laurence Septem- 
ber 15 th 1774 

Henry Lawrence Son to Isaac Laurence Jur. and Mary 
his Wife was born February y e 25 th 1778 

Thomas Tubbs was married to Amy Lawrence Nov. io th 
1779. 

Roger Rood was married to Betty Laurence June ye 2 d 
AD 1779 

Charlotte Laurence Daughter to Jonas Lawrence and 
Tryfena his Wife was Born October ye 13, 1770. 

Consider Laurence Son to Jonas Laurence and Tryfena 
his Wife was Born February y e 8, 1777 



OF THE LAWRENCE FAMILY. 153 

Billc Laurence Son to Jonas Laurence and Tryfena his 
Wife was Born January ye 3 I st 1779 

\\"illiam Solomon Laurence Was Married to Esther Dut- 
t"ii October 12 th AD. 1780. 

1 Experience, Daughter to \V m So 1 . Laurence & Esther his 
wife was Born July 28 th 1781. 

J.Mias, Son to W m So 1 . Laurence & Esther his Wife Was 
a November 25 th 1782 

Erastus, Son to Isaac Laurence and Mary his wife was 
Born March i I th 1780. 

Also Pamela Daughter to s d Isaac and Mary Laurence 
was Born May 17 th 1782 

Abel Laurence Was Married to Abigail Rockwell October 
the 6 th 1783 

Their Son Was still Born August 2 I st 1784. 

A Son to Abel Laurence & Abigail his Wife was still 
Born December 25 th 1785. 

Elisha, Son to David Laurence and Sarah his Wife Was 
Born December 9 th 1766. 

Simon, Son to David Laurence and Sarah his Wife Was 
Born January 22 nd 1768, & Died Jany 26 th 1768 

Sarah, Daughter to David Lawrence and Sarah his Wife 
was Born June 17 th 1769 

Joseph, Son to David Laurence & Sarah his Wife was 
Born June 7 th 1771. 

Phebe, Daughter to David Laurence Sarah his Wife 
Was Born July 9 th 1773. 

Mary, Daughter to David Laurence and Sarah his Wife 
was Born August 7 th 1775 

Charry, Daughter to David Laurence Sarah his Wife 
was Born September i8 th 1782 

Elisabeth Laurence Relict to Cap'. Nehemiah Laurence 
Departed this Life March 5 th .1786 

Cap 1 . Nehemiah Laurence Was Married to the Widow 
Abigail Sutton, Oct. 19 th 1786. 

Jeremiah Son t<> Xehemiah Laurence & Elisabeth his 
Wife Born June 15 th 1760. 



154 HISTORICAL SKETCHES 

Jeremiah Laurence Was Married to Phebe Stevens Jan- 
uary 25 th 1786. 

Wolcott, Son to Jeremiah Laurence and Phebe his Wife 
was Born November 4 th 1786. 

Charlotte Daughter to Cap 1 . Nehemiah Laurence & Abigail 
his wife was Born Jany i I th 1788. 

Thomas Tubbs, Married to Ame Laurence November 9 th 
1780. 

Villa, Son to Nehemiah Laurence & Abigail his Wife Was 
Born Dec . 6, 1789 at one Oclock morn. 

Silas, Son to Nathaniel Laurence and Elizabeth his wife 
Born September 26 th 1774 

Phebe Daughter to Nathaniel Laurence & Elizabeth his 
Wife was Born August 8 th AD 1780. 

Orrange, Son to William Solomon Laurence & Esther his 
wife was born February 23 rd 1796 

Eleanor Laurence was Bom January 23 rd 1762 ' 

Josiah Laurences & Ama Rockwell's Births & Marriages, 
& their Children's Births 

Josiah Laurence was born October i6 th 1765. 

Ama Rockwell was born May 4 th 1762. 

Josiah Laurence Was Married unto Ama Rockwell Feb- 
ruary 7 th 1788. 

Abiah Laurence Daughter of said Josiah and Ama was 
born Nov m 28 th 1788. 

Harvey Laurence Son of s d Josiah & Ama Was born 
March 19 th 1791. 

Abigail Laurence Daughter of s d Josiah and Ama was 
born January 29 th 1793. 

Betsey Laurence Daughter of s d Josiah & Ama was born 
Feb r 2i st 1799 

1 Eleanor Laurence married a Van Deusen. The births of her children are 
entered on record book at Canaan. 



OF Till'. LAWRENCE FAMILY. 155 

Charlotte Laurence 1). mentor of s d Josiah & Ama was 
born May 4 th i So2. 

Ania Laurence Died May 1 7 th 1812. 

Harvey Laurence Was Married unto Betsey Deming 
[Dunning) November 24 th 1812 By Rev. Pitkin Cowles 

Sereno 1. (iilleito was Married unto Abigail Lawrence 
December 3O th 1812 by Rev d P. Cowles. 

Nathaniel Laurence was Married unto Sarah Stevens Feb r 
i i t: ' 1 796 

Albert, Son to Nathaniel and Sarah Laurence, was born 
Dec 2 1/97- 

Lynian Son to Nathaniel & Sarah Laurence was born 
Sept. 25* 1801 

Phebe, Daughter to Nathaniel & Sarah Laurence was born 
Sept. 2O th 1 8 10 

Nathan Laurence was Married unto Polly Waicl January 

-Y ' i"S7 

George Son to said Nathan & Polly, was born Sept 8 th 
1791 

Lewis, Son to s d Nathan & Polly was born February 21, 

1/93 

l-.-tsey, Daughter to s d Nathan & Polly was born Feb r 5 th 

1797- 

Lucy Daughter to s d Nathan & Polly was born June 14 th 

1/99 
\Velthy, Daughter to s d Nathan & Polly was born July 29 th 

1801. 

Leonard Son to s d Nathan & Polly was born Augus[t] 4 th 
1802 

William Laurence was Married unto Lotta Rood Octo- 
ber 7 th i So i. 

Laura Laurence Daughter.to s d W m & Lotta born Nov m 5 
1802 

Julia Daughter to s d W m & Lotta born September i8 th 
1804. 



156 HISTORICAL SKETCHES. 

William Son to s d W m & Lotta born July 22 nd 1806 
Jane Daughter to s d W m & Lotta born July 2Q th 1808 
Mariah Daughter to s d W m & Lotta born March 2i st 
1811 

Frederic, Son to s d W in & Lotta born August 15 th 1813 



FAMILY REGISTER. 






FAMILY REGISTER. 



Date. 



FAMILY REGISTER. 



Date. 



FAMILY REGISTER. 



Date. 



FAMILY REGISTER. 



Date. 



FAMILY REGISTER. 



Date. 



APPENDIX. 

[NUMBERS I. to XL, inclusive, are copies of original papers in the 
possession of the writer. The sources from which the remaining numbers 
were obtained are indicated in each case.] 



APPENDIX. 



i. 

THE lands of ensign nath: Lawrance as it is in y e town 
Records, pag[e] 79 of Groten 

1 His uplands, first his houslot ffiue acres mor or Lesse 
Bounded northerly with cap 1 Parker east with william Greene 
and on all other poynts with the towne comon. 

2 At Gibbet Hill thirty acres mor or lesse Bounded south 
with william Greene easterly and westerly with cap 1 Parker 
and on all other poynts with the towns hye way 

3 At Indian hill west with Justin Holden east with Jn 
morsse north with the hye way south with the ends of the 
other lots 

4 At tobaco pip[e] Playne fforty seaven acres mor or lesse 
Bounded northerly with Cap 1 Parker westerly with Ephraim 
ffilbrick part southeast with William Longley near dear 
medow and on all other poynts with the towns comon the 
hye way riming thorow it to pond and Long medow 

5 Entervaill on the west sid of the River twelve acres 
more or lesse Bounded north with John Pag south with Justin 
holden easterly with the River westerly with the towns 
comon 

6 Sixe acres mor or Lesse Bounded easterly with his owne 
medow westerly with the lands of Pelleg Lawrance and on 
all other poynts with y e towns comon 

7 Seaven acres mor or lesse swamp medow and upland 
Hounded part easterly and southerly with the swamp of cap 1 



1 66 APPENDIX. 

Parker easterly with the Land of William Greene and on all 
other poynts with the towns comon upland 

8 Sixty acres mor or Lesse fforty acres of it I bought of the 
town Bounded Round with the towns comon as the mark 
trees direct Lyeing southerly with Long medow 

A committee chusen by the town to sell Land sold to 
ensign Lawrance two persels of Land near his hous contein- 
ing four acres mor or lesse beeing and Lyeing as followeth 
the one psell on the south sid[e] of the hyeway that goe to 
fflaggy medow alowing the hyway four poll wid from william 
Greens Land this land is Bounded northerly by the aforesaid 
hyeway [,] easterly by the towns comon land[,] southerly 
partly by the swamp of Samuell Woods and p l ly by William 
Green [,] southwesterly by the sd Lawrances own Land the 
sd hyeway to be left 4 poll wid conteining the Length of 
William Greens Line and then the sd Lawrances land doe 
run with a slent by the great stump to his own fence near 
the bridg alowing William Green a hyeway to his medow to 
fetch hay and the sd Lawrance is to maintain a sufficient pair 
of barrs or gate. 

The other persell adioyning to his own houslot bounded 
southerly by y e hyeway leading to the town westerly and 
northerly by the Lands of cap 4 James Parker and easterly 
with the sd Lawrances owne Land this Land beeing satisfied 
for by the acknowledgment of the towne committe 

1 Medow upon chelmsford Line ffive acres mor or lesse 
Bounded easterly with chelmsford Line west with Jonathan 
Sawtell and on all other poynts with the towns uplands 

2 In Rock medow twelve acres mor or lesse with a slip of 
upland Bounded north with the Lands of John Barron and 
on all other poynts with the towns uplands 

3 At cowpond Brook ten acres mor or lesse Bounded 
northerly and westerly with a Brook and the medow of James 
ffisk seni[or.]- northerly with the cow-pond Brook andeasterly 
with the medow of Serg* Knop westerly with his own Land 
and on all other poynts with the towns upland 



APPENDIX. 167 

4 At cowpond l'ro<>k two acres Bounded east northerly 
with the mcdo\v of Sauuu-11 Davis and on all other poynts 
with the ton-ns upland and mcdmv. 

5 One acre at l'ro\vu Loaf 1'iavn Hounded westerly with 
the Brook and on all other poynts with the towns uplands 

6 On the west sid[e] of the River near Sqoanacook 
Rixvr two acres ni'>rorlesse Bounded southerly by the towns 
comon and on all other poynts by the Lands of cap 1 Parker 
as the marks specific 

compared appnuied and confirmed by the committe accord- 
in.;- to the order of the town as Attest 

John Morsse cl[erk] March 3. i68| 

On the west sid[e] the River one hundred and twenty 
acres lyeing both sid[e]s of Nashua Brook Bounded west 
southerly [south-westerly ?] by the Lands of Nicholas Cady 
and on all other poynts on the towns comon as the mark 
trees direct 

compared aproned and confirmed by the sellectmen accord- 
ing to the order of the town --as Attest 

John Morss el* no[v] 29 1684. 

the Lands of ensigne nathanill Lawarance. 

8. sixty accors more or Less fforty of it bought of the town 
Bounded round with the towns common as the mark trees 
diract Lying southerly with Longe medow 

Compared aproned and confirmed by the commety accord- 
ing to the order of the town as Atest 

John Morss ; Cl : 

March : 3 i<>3| 

A tru copy out of the town Book of groton of sd lands 
as atast 

Joseph Lakin 
town clark for Groton. 



1 68 APPENDIX. 

more lands of ensign nathanell Lawranc 

1 fouerteen accers bee it more or ieess upland & Swammp 
& boushey medow lyeing ner Spetchell pond boounded part 
northerly with his one [own] land part northe[r]ly & west[e]rly 
with the lands of william Longly decesed ; part southerly by 
y e lands of Cap 1 James Parker ; part e[a]ste[r]ly by the lands 
of Jonas Pr e scot and Thomas Tarball & on all other points 
by Spetchell Pond & towns Common upland : y e which land 
was layed out [to] him in lue [lieu] of his ginerell feeld lots 
& three accers of medow which he wanted of his proposhan 
in his two lots, 

2 nin[e] accers bee it more or Ieess swamp & low land 
with so much medow aginen to it as was tacken from him 
at his medow at chelmsford line when sd line was Run by 
the aut's [authorities ?] bound Round with the towns common 
Swamp & upland as the marked trees derect ; this land lyes 
on ye e[a]st sid of the Cowpond brook aboue thomas williams 
pa[t]ches of meedow : the aboue sd nin[e] accers of swamp & 
Low land was bought of william Price and James ffiske Jun r 
by sd lawranc and payed for beeing neuer layed out to sd Price 
& ffiske. 

June : 15 th 1687. Aproned compared & confirmed by the 
select men acording to tovvne ordr 

Atest Josiah Parkr. 
Town clarke 

II. 

DEED OF SALE. 
JOSEPH LAWRENCE TO NATHANIEL LAWRENCE. 

This Indenture made the first day of Aprill Anno Dom- 
mini : 1665 Betweene Joseph Lawrence of the towne of 
Grawton in the County of Middlesex, on the one pte and 
nathaniell Lawrence on the same towne and county on the 
other pte wittnesseth that the sd Joseph Lawrence for & in 
consideration of fourteen pounds, starling by him in hand 



APPENDIX. 1 69 

paid by the sd Nathaniell Lawrence at the scalings and 
delivery of these Psents whereof the sd Joseph Lawrence 
doth acknowledge the receipt & himself therewith fully satis- 
fy cd & payd & thereof doth fully and absolutely exonerate 
acquitt & discharge the sd Nathaniel Lawrence: his heirs, 
c.vcutors & administrators forever, by these psents Hath 
sold given granted bargained, & doth by these psents give 
grant sell bargain confirm and deliver, unto the sd Nathaniell 
Lawrence his heirs and assignes forever, all his whole accom- 
madations Lying & being in Grawton aforesd : ffirst his 
house Lot with the additions [of] ffifteene acres more or 
Lesse bounded north p'ly by Samuell Woods west partly by 
James Ffisk, & on all other points with the towns com- 
mons ; Two acres of swamp land more or less, bounded 
eastwardly with the lands of James Parker northwardly with 
the meadow of John Lawrence on all other points with the 
townscommon : 3ly five acres of meadow more or lesse 
lying in one pcell near Uncatenasset Hill : bounded on 
all points with the towns common. 4ly one acre of meadow, 
lying on the north side of the brooke that runs by the side 
of Brownloafe plaine, bounded with the brooke & on all 
[ojther points with the towns common, 5ly one acre & three 
quarters Lying in the generall ffeild : with all wayes eas- 
mcnts Lybertyes and priviledges belonging to the sd Lands : 
with all his right and Interest in & to any after pportion or 
pportions, in any After devision or devisions whatsoever that 
may be in the township of Grawton afforesd : And moreover 
the sd Joseph Lawrence doth her[e]by Covenant p[ro]mise 
& grant to & with the sd Nathaniell Lawrence his heirs & 
assignes, that he hath ffull power & Law Authority in his 
owne name, to bargaine, sell, & convey the same as abovcsd, 
& that it shall & may be lawfull to, & for the sd Nathaniell 
Lawrence, his heirs, & assignes forever hereafter peaceably, 
& quietly, to have, hold, occupy, & enioy the to him & their 
use, & uses, all, & singular, the aforesd lands, & premisses 
with all & every of their appurtenances, & every part thereof, 



1 70 APPENDIX. 

free & cleare, & by him the sd Joseph Lawrence his heirs, 
executors Administrators or assignes from tyme to tyme & 
at all tymes hereafter, well & sufficiently saved & kept, 
harmlesse, of & from all former bargaines sailes guifts wills 
changes suites at Law & incumbrances whatsoever, ariseing 
from any person or persons whoesoever, from by or under 
him the sd Joseph Lawrence or his heirs executors or 
administrators ffor ever : In wittness whereof the party 
abovesaid hath put his hand and scale : 

Sealed signed & delivered in the 
presence of us. three words Interlined 

Ann Long[le]y his marke 

William Longley Joseph. | : Lawrence : [SEAL.] 

S. Scripture S[r] 

This deede of sale was acknowledged 
by Joseph Lawrence [ ] : 17 : [ ] 
2 ( ) mo 1665 before me 

Simon Willard assistant 

III. 

JOSEPH LAWRENCE'S BOND TO NATHANIEL 
LAWRENCE. 

Groton, February 7, i6f. 

Know all men by these p r fents, y* I Joseph Lawrence, of 
the Towne of Groton, Middlesex, NE : planter, being by the 
Last will & Testanv. of my Father, Jn Lawrence deceased, 
made joynt Executor & Administrator of his Estate \v th my 
Bro : Nathaniel Lawrence ; Doe acknowledge that there is 
yet remaining in my hand : sixty three pounds fourteen 
shillings & four pence of the s d estate : from which I doe 
here, by these presents acquit my Bro. Nath : Lawrence, his 
heirs & assignes from being lyable to Answer for that estate : 
& for his further security I doe hereby ; having just title & 
full power soe to doe ; bind over to Nath : Lawrence, planter, 
of the above s d Town of Groton, his heirs & assignes : twenty 
and one acres of upland lying in the Necke, neer W m Martains 



APPENDIX. 171 

hounded south-west by James Parker, on all other points with 
the Towne comon : iK; three acres oi Meadow in the halfe 
moon meadow: bounded south by James Parker, West by 
Jim. Allyn. East bv the Smiths Meadow, west [north?] by the 
Upland : also tiv> i , .v, on the hawtrce brooke, 

lying on both sides of the brooke, bounded south by Ja : 
1'arker, ^ the hygh-way : East by Jn. Nutting, on all other 

:ts by the brooke & town Comon : alsoe, thirteen acres of 
Upland lying upon <iihbet hill, bounded North w th Xath : 
Lawrence, west by James Parker & south : east with the 
Towne comon : & a third pt of three acres & a halfe of Up- 
land, lying in the generall tield : & three acres & a 3 d pt of 
an acre of meadow, lying in the flaggy meadow : butting north 
w th S. \Villard : East w th Ja. Parker, on all other points with 
the towne Comon, (& all Town interest therto belonging :) 
all of which Land, & every p[ar]ccH, by vertue of this obli- 
gation, I doe acknowledge to stand fully firmly engaged to 
my ]>ro. Nath. Lawrence aboves d , to secure him fro any 
damage, or law-suits, whatsoever \v ch may arise to him fro 
any [of] my fathers heirs, by ocasion of the defect of due 
paym 1 of the aboves d . sixty three pound fourteen shilling, & 
four pence, notwithstanding any future sale, bargaine, or 
alienation of the s d land, w ch may bee made, by me Joseph 
Lawrence : Provided that the above said p[ar]cells of Land, 
all, or any pticular of them, bee no further engaged, then 
to Answer the defects of the pticular paym ts of the above- 
said sufhe, & damages arising fro such defects, & that upon 
a prizall, or valuation : & to the confirmation of this obliga- 

, I, the s d Joseph Lawrence, doe set to my hand & seale, 
y e day & yeere above written : 

Interlined in line : iS. & 19. 



(& all Towne interest therto belonging) 



his marke 



before the signing:. 
Signed, sealed & delivered > Joseph Lawrence 

in pr[e]sence of 



S im 11 . Willard. 

Jonathan ifisq. 



[SKAL] 



1 72 APPENDIX. 

IV. 

PELEG LAWRENCE'S DEED TO NATHANIEL LAWRENCE. 

Groton. Febr : 18, i6f|; 

Know all men by these p r sents, that I Peleg Lawrence, of 
the Towne of Groton In the County of Middlesex, N.E : plan- 
ter : For, & in consideration of nine pounds starling, by him in 
hand paid, by bill of acquittance, at the sealing & delivery of 
these p r sents, wherof I hereby doe acknowledge the receipt 
& my self e fully satisfyed, & doe absolutely acquit him, his 
heires, executo r s, & administrator for ever : have sold, 
given, graunted, aliened, & enfeoffed, & by these p r sents doe 
give, sell, graunt, alien & enfeoffe, unto Nathaniel Lawrence 
of the scl towne, planter : a pcell of upland once the propriety 
of Joseph Lawrence, & by me of him purchased, lying upon 
Gibbet hill, being thirteen acres, more or lesse, bounded 
north with Nath : Lawrence, west & south w th James Park- 
er, & Eastward, w th the Townes Comon : To have and to 
hold, to him, his heirs, executo r , administrator, & assignes, 
for ever : Furthermore, the said Peleg Lawrence clothe here- 
by coven 1 , pmise, & graunt to & w th the said Nath : Law- 
rence, his heirs and assignes, that he hath full power & 
lawfull authority in his own name, to bargain, sell, & alienate 
the abovesd pcell of land, & y* hee said peleg Lawrence, will 
hold the same land free & cleere to the s d Nath : Lawrence, 
his heirs & assigns for ever, from all former bargains, sales, 
changes, sutes at Law, incumbrances, & just molestations 
whatsoever, arising from any p[er]son, or p[er]ssons whomsso- 
ever, laying just claim & title therto, from, by, or under him 
the sd Peleg Lawrence, his heirs and assignes for ever, in 
witnesse wherof the abovesd Peleg Laurence hath set to his 
hand & scale : 
Signed, sealed & delivered peeleg lawrence 

in p r sence of : 

Sam. 11 Willard [SEAL] 

Jonatha ffisq This deede of sale was acknowledged 

by Peeleg Lawrence i6:th of ye 

9the mo [nth] 1670 before me 
Simon willard asist[ant] 



APPENDIX. 173 

V. 

JOHN MORSE'S DEED TO NATHANIEL LAWRENCE. 

To all People to whom these presents shall come or anyway 
may concerne greeting: Know ye: that I John morsse 
Senior: of the towne of Watertown in the Countey of 
Mulelsex in new england for and in consideration of four 
pound to me in hand well and truely payd by nathaniell 
Lawrance Senior of Groten in the Countey of Midelsex in 
new enplane! of the receit wheirof I doe together with Sarah 

o o 

my wif acknowledg myselfe by these presents fully satisfied 
and payd and theirof doe fully acquit exonerate and discharg 
him the savd nathaniell Lawrance his heires excecutors admin- 

j 

istrators and assignes for euer and by these presents have 
Granted Bergaind sold and confirmed and by these presents 
doe fully clearly and absolutly Grant bergaine sell alien and 
confirm unto him the sayd nath. Lawrance to him his heires 
and assignes for euer one persell of Land scituate and beeing 
in the towne of Groten the same conteyning four acres bee 
it mor or Lesse Lyeing upon a hill comonly called by the 
name of Indian hill adjoyning to his own Land on the west 
north with the Bay Road east with the Land of thomas smith 
south with the ende of the other Lots To haue and to hold 
the abou Granted priuledges and Bergaind premeses and 
apurtances to the sam apertayning or in any wise belonging 
to him the sayd nath : Lawrance his heires and assignes for- 
euer to his and their proper use and behoaf And I the aboue 
named John morse for me my heires excecutors administrators 
and assignes doe couenant promis and Grant to and with the 
sayd nath Lawrance his heires and assignes and by these 
presents I the sd John morsse hau good right and full power 
and Lawfull authority to grant bergaine sell, and confirm 
the abou Granted and bergain-d premesis to him the sd nath : 
Lawrance his heires and assignes foreuer and that he the sd 
nath Lawrance his heires and assignes shall and may at all 
times and from tim to tim for euer hereafter quietly and 



1 74 APPENDIX. 

peaceably hau hold occupy possesse and Injoy the sam abou 
granted and Bergained premesis be the same more or Lesse 
without Let deniall or Interruption of me the sd John morsse 
my heires excecuters administrators and assignes them or of 
any of them or of any other person or persons clayming 
and hauing any right title or Interest theirin by from or 
under mee or by any other Lawfull wayes or means whatso- 
euer In witness herof I the aboue named John Morsse haue 
set to my hand and seall in the yeare of our Lord one thou- 
sand six hundred eighty-four 

febr 10 John morffe [SEAL] 

Signed sealled and 

diliuered in the Sarah morfe 

presence of us mark A [SEAL] 

Dauid church, Cambr. 15. 3. 1685. 

mary [O] Church This Deed of Sale is acknowledged by 

her mark. Jn Moss to be his act and deed. 

Before Tho : Danforth. Dep'. Gou r . 

VI. 

THIS INDENTER made between Nathanaell Laurence 
sen r of the Towne of Concord in the County of Midd x 
within the province of the Massathusets Bay in New Eng- 
land on the one part, and Nathanaell Lawrence Jun r (son 
unto sd Nathan 11 Laurence sen r ) on the other part, Wittnesseth 
that he the sayd Nathan 11 Laurence Jun 1 ", for Valluable 
Causes & Good Reasons him there unto moveing which are 
here after mentioned and are done & fullfilled by Nathan 11 
Laurence sen r afores d Hath (with the free consent of Anna 
his now maryed wife) Given granted Bargained exchainged 
Allyened enfeoffed conveyed and confirmed and by these 
prsents doth freely fully Clearly and absolutely Give grant 
Bargain Exchange Alyen enfeoffe Convey & Confirme unto 
him the sayd Nathan 11 Laurence senr his father, his Heirs 
Executo r s Administrator & Assignes forever, as follows, 
Impri : a certain Parcell of Land containing by Estimation 



APPENDIX. 175 

Twelve Acres be the same more <>r Less, within the Limits 
<S: l^miuls of the Township of Ci rot ton in sd County of Midd x 
(in which Towne \" M.I Nathan 11 Laurence Jun r now liveth) 
which Land did formerly belong to James ffske sen r , Being 
Bounded by Joshu.i \Ylu-at Northeasterly, southerly and east- 
erly partly by the Lands of James Cady, & partly by Corne- 
lious Church, and westerly upon the highway Together with 
the houseing, fenceing & all the Improvement upon it, Also 
one Acre of meadow or meadow Land within the Bounds of 
Groton aforesd, be the same more or less Bounding north 
and west upon Capt" Prescote, southerly by Thomas ffiske s 
meadow, easterly Butting upon the highway. 

To have and to hold all singuler the aboue granted & Bar- 
gained pr[e]mises be the same more or less with all & every 
the privelidges and Appurtenances thereunto Appertaining 
or in any wise belonging unto him ,Jhe said Nathan 11 Lau- 
rence sen r his Heirs executors Administrators and Assignes 
for ever unto his & their propper use Benefit & behoof. IN 
CONSIDERATION \Vherof he sd Nathan 11 Laurence sen r 
with the free consent of Sarah his wife. HATH given 
granted Bargained exchanged Alyened enfeoffed Conveyed 
and Confirmed, and by these presents DOTH fully freely 
Clearly and Absolutely give grant Bargaine Exchange Alyen 
enfeoff Convey & Confirm unto him the sd Nathan 11 Lau- 
rence Jun r his son & with him his Heirs Executo r s Adminis- 
trato r s and Assignes forever the sever 11 , parcells of Land & 
meadow hereafter expressed all within the Limits & Bounds 
of the Township of Groton aforesd, Imprimis his house-Lott 
containing five acres be the same more or less, which Lott 
doth adjoin unto the Lands of Capt n James parker. Also a 
lott of Thirty Acres of upland at a place known by the Name 
of Gibbit-hill be the same more or less. Also seven acres of 
upland swampe & meadow land at [a] place known by the 
name of provedence meadows with an Addition of about three 
Acres of Land by sd Nathan 11 Laurence sen r purchassed of 
the Towne of Groton their Committee ; all these Lastnamcd 
four parcells of Land the sd Nathan" Laurence sen r cloth 



176 APPENDIX. 

convey & pass - over to his sd son Nathan 11 as they were 
granted & purchased, and entered in Groton afore sd there 
Booke of Records be they more or less. TO HAVE and 
TO HOLD all and singular the last a bove four parcells of 
Land as they are her[e] Butted & Bounded with all the 
Right[s] members privelidges and Appurtenances there unto 
Appertaining or in any wise belonging unto him the sd 
Nathan 11 Laurence Jun r his Heirs executors Administrator 
and Assigns unto his & their & every of their proper use 
Benefit and behoof forever. And it is to be understood that 
what these four Last mentioned parcells of Land are of more 
value then the first mentioned two parcells, he y e sd Nathan 11 
Laurence sen r doth freely bestow the same upon the afore 
sayd Nathan 11 Laurence Jun r his son. And the partyes con- 
cerned, Viz. Nathan 11 Laurence sen r & Nathan 11 Laurence 
Jim r do both covenant promise & grant for them selves their 
heirs executors & Administrators with each other their Heirs 
& Assignes, that they will secure and deffend all what they 
have exchanged & sold to each other in this Instrument from 
any Lawfull claymes y i shall Be made by any person or per- 
sons what so ever[,] That so the pr[e]mises aboue granted 
may remain & abide Absolute & Indefeazeble Titles of In- 
heritance in ffee simple uto each other their heirs executors 
Administrator and Assigns forever according to the true 
meaning of this Indenture 

IN WITTNESS where of he the sd Nathanael Laurence 
sen r , as also Sarah his wife. And Nathan 11 Laurence Jun r 
and Anna his wife unto this their Deed & Act they do all put 
to their hands and seals this thirty first day of Octob r in the 
year Anno Dommi one thousand sixteen [sic] hundred ninty 
& five In the seventh year of his majestyes Reign : King 
william the third 
signed sealed and Declared 

in presence of us nathannil Lawrance [SEAL] 

tthomas Bateman her 

elazar batman Sarah X Laurence [SEAL] 

Thomas Browne sen r marke 

Nathanell Lawrence [SEAL] 
annah Larrance [SEAL] 



APPENDIX. 177 

X.ithanicl Lawrance of concord. Se. 

Sarah Lawrance his wife 

n.uhaniel Lawrance Jun. & hannah his wife personally 

apcaring before in' acknowledged this instrument to be 

their proper act & deed. 

James Minott 

Justice 
Octob. 31. 1695 

VII. 

NATHANIEL LAWRENCE'S LEASE TO JONATHAN FOSKIT. 

This indenture of Lees made and Confirmed this twenty 
day of March in year of our lord 1723 one thousand sauen 
houndread and twenty three : and in the ninth year of his 
maiestes Raign King George: of great brittain by and 
betwene Nathaniel Lawrrance And Johnnathan foskit booth 
of Charlstowr. i.i the County of mi d sx within his maigestes 
prouence of \ ; massachusets bay in New England husband 
man wittncsseth that y e afore s d . Nathanil Lawrance for 
diners good Causes and Conceiderations him hereunto rnoue- 
ing but more Espeshely in Consideration of y e Rents 
Couinants and Scaruis [service] here After Mentioned and 
Exspresed to be by y e s d Jonathan foskit performed and sat- 
isfied doth by these presents denies Leeas leat and farm leet 
unto ye said Jonathan foskit his hiers Executors Administra- 
tors or .Willis A certain Massage {Messuage} or Liueing of 
lands Containing About Eaightty acres be it more or less 
sittueate lying in ye bounds of Charlstown afore said namly 
one dwelling house y e old house and half y e barn with all y e 
land y e said Lawrance hath in Charlstown Afore-s li - with 
all the proffits preiuiledg[e]s Anil appourtainces thereunto 
belonging to the sole use of y e s d - Jonathan Foskit, his heirs 
and Assigns duering the term of three full years affter y e date 
of these presents for and in Conceideration wherof the s d 
Jonathan foskit doth hereby bind and oblige himself his 



1 78 APPENDIX. 

heirs Executors and Administrators to till and use and 
occ[u]pye all y e s d Lands by plowing planting sowing and till- 
ing all the brooken up Land and mo[w]ing and Raken all y e 
Mecldow Land yt yous [used] to be Mowed and y e s d foskit is 
to Cut Split and Sharp one hundred of posts and hool three 
hools [make three holes] in Eatch of y e s d posts and y e said 
foskit is to Cut and Split and Sharpe one houndred and fifty 
rails all for y e s d - Lawrance on y e fore Mentioned land and 
y e s d foskit is to Cut and bring to y e s d Lawrances hous so 
much handye Cord wood as y e s d Lawrance or his wife shall 
haue ocation to burn in three full years Affter the date here 
of and y e said foskit is to take y e whole Care of y e s d Law- 
rances Cattel booth summer and wintter to feet[c]h up, to 
turn in to the paster to house and to Clean and to meet y e 
same sofisciently as Cattel should be lookt affter for y e whole 
term of three years from y e date of these presents aboue 
mentioned and y e s d foskit is to Cart all y e dung into y e feeld 
that is in y e yeard afore y e barn before winter : and y e s d 
Nathanil Lawrrences or his hiers is to have half of all that 
is Raised on all y e aboue said lands for Reant and y e s d 
Larances is to haue s d reents yearly and y e s d Larances is 
to find half ye seed of all sorts and s d foskit is to find y e 
other half of y e seed and y e said foskit is to Cart all ye s d 
Larances half of hay into y e barn and y e said Lawrances 
half of Corn into y e hous and foskit is to pay ha[l]f the rats 
for y e s d Lands and y e s d foskit is to maintain all y e fence 
upon y e aboue s d farm and s d foskit is to find occen and Cart 
and tacklen to do y e said work with all and y e said foskit is 
not to sell any wood or timber of[f] of y e places, or hay with- 
out y e leue of y e s d Lawrances ; Not with standing all afore 
written I y e s d nathaniel lawrances dowe hereby receuve 
[reserve] for my self and my family y e use and improuement 
of my house which i now line in and my Shop and all sow 
y e garden before y e door farther more we ye aboue mentioned 
Nathaniel Lawrance and Jonathan foskit do hereby bind and 
oblige our selufs [selves] and Each of our hiers Joyntly and 



MTKNDIX. 179 

seanerly (severally] to Echat other to fullfill all the Artickils 
and seruis afore mentioned Ami Abide by the premises afore 
mentioned ;is witness our hands And seals. 

An[n]o Domini 1723 

his 



Signed sealed 



3 



and delivered 
in presents of 



Nathaniel M Lawrance 



mark [SEAL.] 

James Wesson : , , . 

Jonathan 4- foskit 
Joanna \\ esson. 

) mark [SEAL.] 

VIII. 

THOMAS RAND'S DEED TO NATHANIEL LAWRENCE. 

To all people to whome these p r esents shall come greeting 
Know YE that I Thomas rand of Charlstowne in the County 
of Midlesex in new England shoemaker for and in Consid- 
eration of thre pound ten shilings to me well and truly paid 
that is to say wone Cow By Es te mation worth fifty shillings 
and twenty shillings in Currant mony of new England i say 
to be paid By nathanell Lauranc Sen r of Groton in the County 
of Midlesex in new England Planter the receite wherof i doe 
By these presents Acknowledg and therwith to be fully 
satisfied and paid and therof and of every part and persell 
therof doe fully Clearly & absolutly aquit & discharg the 
said nathanell Lawrenc his heirs exceciito r s & administrator 
for ever by these presents Have granted Bargained & Sold 
aliened enfeofed and confirmed and By these presents doe 
fully & absolutely grant Bargaine & sell alien enfeofe and Con- 
firme unto him the said nathanell Laurenc one acre of meadow 
& ten acres of upland more or les lying & Being in ye towne 
of Groton situate & Bounded north ] >' with the land of nathanell 
Laurenc aforsd west with the highway that leads to long 
meadow & part south with johnathan sattell & southeast 
with James parker sen 1 with all the preueledges to the same 
apertayning or in any wise Belonging To have and to hold 



l8o APPENDIX. 

the aboue granted & Bargained p r emises to him the said 
nathanell Laurenc his heires and Asignes for euer to his and 
their only proper use and Behoofe and I the Aboue named 
Thomas Rand for mee my heires excecuto r s & Administra- 
tors doe couenant promis & grant to & with him the said 
nathanell Laurenc his heires & Asignes By these presents ; 
that I the said Thomas Rand haue good right full power & 
authority to Grant Bargaine & Confirme the same unto him 
the said nathanell Laurenc his heirs & Assignes for euer ; 
and that he the said nathanell Laurenc his heires & Assignes 
shall & may at all times & from time to time for euer here- 
after haue & hold ocupy posess & injoy the Aboue Granted 
& Bargained p r mises without the lett denyall or Contradic- 
tion of me the said Thomas Rand my heires executors Ad- 
ministrators or Assignes them or of Any of them or of Any 
other person or persons lawfully claiming & hauing any right 
title or interest therin By Any way or meanes whatsoeuer in 
witnes herof I the aboue named Thomas Rand haue put to 
my hand & Seall this fiftene day of may in the yeare of our 
Lord God one thousand six hondred eighty eight Signed 
Sealed and deliuered in presenc of us Witneses 

Eleazer phillips 

. TH.-11- Thomas Rand [SEAL] 

Timothy Phillips 

Sah 

Sar a h rand [SEAL] 

Boston 24 th January 1688/9 

Thomas Rand and Sarah his wife personally appearing 
before me one of the Councill of this his Majestys Territory 
and Dominion of New England acknowledged the within 
written Instrum . to be their act & deed 

Jn Ufher. 



APPENDIX. i Si 



IX. 

RECORD OF JOHN LAWRENCE AND HIS WIFE AND 

CHILDREN. 

this is a tru Ragster of all y c Chilclran of John and Anna 
Laurancc Born unto tru-m of thar owne Bodies. 
John Lawrance fathar of thes borne in y e 

yore 1667 

Anna Lawrance mother of thes borne in 

y e yere 1670. 

John Born June the ninth clay in the yeare 1689 
Thomas. Born in clesember the tvventeth 3 day in 

the yeare 1691. 
Nathanill Born jenuarey 31 clay in the 

yeare 1694 
William Born august the r I day in the 

yeare 1697. 
Samuell Born July the 9th clay in the 

year I7o[o] 
Anna Born octobar the 29 day in the 

yeare I7[o]2 
Johnathan Born february the i3enth 

day in the year i/[o~]6. 
Sarah Born June the I9enth day in 

the yeare I7[o]8 
Beniman Born maye 28th day in the 

yeare 1713 

Amos Born february the 13611 th clay in the yea[r]e 1716. 
John was 37 yers old in y e yere 1726. 
Thomas was 35 yers old in y- vere 1726 
nathanil would have bin 33, in y e yere 1727. 
willam was 29 in y e yere 172^. 
samuell was 26 in y e yere 1726. 
anna was 24 in y c yere 1726 



1 82 APPENDIX. 

Jonathan was 20 in y e yere 1726 
sary was 18 in y e yere 1726. 
beniman was 13 in y e yere 1726. 
Amos was 10 in y e yere 1726.' 

X. 

ACQUITTANCE. 
SAREY FARNSWORTH. 

Lexington. September 29 - 1725. 

Receued of John Lawrance, one of the execut[o]rs unto 
Deacon Lawrance Late of Charlstown in the County of 
midelsex in new ingland desesed the sum of 8 pounds ten 
shillings being the full of a Legac[y] giu[e]n unto me in the 
Last will and Testament of y e sd Decon Lawrance of which 
sumb & all other debts du[e]s & sumbs of money & Demands 
what so euer [on] acounts of sd Test[a]ment I do hereby 
acquitt & discharg y e sd execut[o]rs thar heirs execut[o]rs & 
admin rs & eueri of them for euer by thes presanc witness my 
hand this 29 day of septamber a[n]no Dom[in]i on[e] thou- 
sand seuen hundred & twenty fine. 

mark ^ 

r ,, Sarah farnworth 

marey o tarnworth. ' 

hur 

c , T Isaac harnsworth. 

Sarah Lawrance. ) 

XI. 

"A REWARD TO SYMONS [AND] LOCK AND GIFT TO 

MARY TUTTLE." 2 

Woburn. June y e 19 1757. 

This may sartify that we the heirs of our honoured Mother 
who not Long sence Departed this Life at Lemester at our 
beloved brother Jemas Symons house. 

1 The original of this record is in the handwriting of John Lawrence of 
Lexington. 
2 See Lawrence Genealogy. Edition of 1869. Family No. 13. 



APPENDIX. 183 

in Consideration of there Treble in her sickness and while 
[she | was at there house we fivlv give our part of the bed 
and bed ing at there house which was prised at ;i8 old tener. 
. . . 18-0-0. Lickwise to paying- the dochter and funeral 
charges[,] one Cow Reconed at 15 old tener and cash 
4, S2, di'). . . . 19- 2-6. which we Look upon to be there 
Just Due from s d Estate and Lickwise we Leve a note Due 
s d symons to s d Estate of 12 old tener in the hands of our 
brother to git and set up [a] grave stone at our honoured 
mothers grave[.] in testimony hereof we have set our 
hands[.] 

Furthermore we agree to give to our beloved Sister Lock 
10 old tener for Nursing and taking Care of our honoured 
mother in hur weekness[.] also we a Cording to our hon- 
oured mothers desier give ,10 old tener to mary Tuttell. 

John Lawrance Geo Tilley 

Thomas Ditson. James Simonds 

Samuial Lawanace mary Tuttle. 
Isaac Lawrance 



XII. 

DEED OF THE HOMESTEAD AT CAMBRIDGE FARMS. 

[MIDDLESEX RM.I-IKY OF Di.i.ns, fol. 18. 413.] 

To all People before whom these P r sents shall come Greet- 
ing and Kii'-w ye that I William Johnson now of Cambridge 
in the County Midd x In the Massachusets Colony in new 
England Carpanter for & in consideration of twenty pounds 
to me well & truly Paid in hand by John Laurance Weaver 
of Groton the Receipt whereof I do by these p r sents acknowl- 
edge and t'herew th to be fully satisfied contented and paid and 
of every part and parcell thc-reof Do fullv Clearly & absolute- 
ly acquitt Exonarte & discharge the s d John Laurance & his 
heires for ever by these presents have granted bargained & 
sold & therefore Do by these p'sents farther give grant bar- 



1 84 APPENDIX. 

gain sell alien enfeofe & confirm unto John Laruance aforesd 
a tract of Land Containing by Estimation thirty eight acres 
be it more or less Scituate Lying or being within the bounds 
of y e Town Of Cambridge at a place Cornonly Called y e worlds 
end & is bounded by the medow of William Lock & Sam el 
Lock north east & by ye land of afores d William Johnson : 
Easte & south west by the Land of Henry Goddin norwest & 
South east by town high wayes that is thirty two acres of it 
y e other six acres Lyeing y e next raing twoards Billeraca & 
is bounded northeast by a Lott that was John Wintars South- 
west by a lott of Joseph Russell southeast & norwest by Town 
high wayes to Have and to Hold the two parcels of Land as 
they arr butted bounded together with all y e Rights of 
trees and timber Like trees wood & underwood standing 
Lying or growing or that ever shall grow upon y e same w th 
all other the Rights priviledges & appurtenances thereunto be- 
longing or in any wise appertaining to him y e s d John Laru- 
ance his heires Exec 1 ' 3 Aclmm rs assignes that I have good 
Right & Law full authority to make sale of y e premesess & 
that y e s d John Laruance shall or may at all times & from 
time to time forever hereafter pecably & quietly Have Hold 
ocupie possess & Injoy y e same in as full & ample manner as 
I myself did or might have done w th out y e Lawfull Sute Lett 
hindrance molestation Contridiction Expultion of me or any 
from by or under me waranting y e same from all former gifts 
grants sales Leases mortgages Jonteres Dowress or titles of 
Dowress atachments Judgments or Executions formerly had 
made or Done granted of or by me at any time & from any 
person or persons Claiming or haveing any Right title or 
Interest therein or any part thereof & that ye above bargained 
premises may Continue & Remain a good true absolute secure 
title of Inheritance in fee simple unto the s d John Laruance 
& his heires forever I the s d William Johnson as also mary 
my now married wife manefesting Consentt to this my act & 
deed have sett to our hands & afixed our scales this twentieth 
day of June anno Domi [sic] Sixten hundred ninty & three 



APPENDIX. 185 

<S: in ye fifth year of their majts Rai-n King william & Queen 
mar)' Defenders of the faith ouer Kngland Scotland france 
& I ivlund -- William Johnson his mark, [seal.] - - mary 
Johnson her mark, [seal] Signed Sealed & Delivered in 
\v p'sence of us William Johnson Sen r of Cambridge farms 
Confessed this Instrument to be his proper act & Deed be- 
fore me february n - 1697. 

James Minott Justice. 

XIII. 
From the Middlesex Registry of Probate : 

AN INVENTORY OF YE ESTATE OF JNO LAWRENCE OF 

GROTON DECEASED. 



lb s d 

Imp. 13 swine 9 lbs 3 s : i young red heifer, 3 lb 12 s 6 d 12 15 6 
It. i young brown cow 3 lb 5 s . 

i black cow 4 lb io s . 07 15 o 

It. i old brown cow 3 lb io s . 

1 great black ox 6 lb 09 10 o 
It. 2 fat oxen i i lb . 

2 blacke working oxen, ii lb . 22 oo o 
It. i pair steeres io lb i iron pot 14 s . 

& pot hookes 10 14 o 

It. i iron pot i I s & pot hooks. 

i iron kettle 2 s oo 13 o 

It. i old iron pot, I s r brass pot I s . 

tubs, pails & trayes 9 s . oo 1 1 o 

It. more tubs & wooden platters 3 s . 

i fan, 5 s , i halfe bushel 2 s 6 d oo 10 6 

It. 2 tubs, & a cieve, I s 6 d , 3 pecks, malt 3 s , 

3 sawes & a reele 6 s , oo 10 6 
It. i iron crow 5 s , i pair tramels 4 s , 

1 paire tramels I s 6 d , oo ro 6 
It. 3 augurs, 3% i broad ax & 4 Bobbins I s , 

2 old syths I s , oo 05 



1 86 APPENDIX. 

It. i hammer & a skellet frame I s , Ib s d 

2 wedges and a pair of beetle rings, 4 s , oo 05 o 

It. 3 axes, 5 s , I narrow how & a bolt, I s , 

i ax, 2 bolts & 2 ring, 3 s , oo 09 o 

It. i horse shoo, i iron S, one chissel, I s , 

i locke & key I s , oo 02 o 

It. i pin for a shackle & a piece of lead, I s , 

old iron 2 s , 3 pailes, & i plate, 2 s , oo 05 o 

It. powder, shot, bullets, bag, & mold, 3 s 6 d , 

1 pair boots, 15% oo 18 6 
It. 2 paire of shoos, 6 s , i shackle for a plow, I s , 

pewter, i lb , I s , 01 08 o 

It. i dripping pan, 6 spoons, 4 s , i little kettle I s , 

2 trays, i inkhorne I s , oo 06 o 
It. i. cushion case & i y rd curtain cloth, 5 S >, 

i looking glass, i dram cup, 2 s 6 d , oo 07 6 

It. pewter, i6 s , 3 earthern platters, 2 s , 

a paire of scales, & a little skellet, 2 s 6 d , 01 oo 6 

It. i saddle & pillion, i lb , 5 s , 

i pillion cloath, 12 s , 2 hats, 13 s , 02 10 o 

It. i chaire 4 s , i cushion 6 d , i fether bed, 

& furniture : 9 lb , 09 04 6 

It. i bed & bolster, & y e accoutrements: i lb , 4 01 04 o 
It. i bearing blanket, 15 s , 2 yrds stuffe, 3 s , 

i serge suit & coat 2 lb , 13 s , 03 10 o 

It. cloath suit & coat 2 lb , 15 s , i cloath suit 

& coat, io s 03 05 o 

It. i chest, 8 s , i chamber pot: 2 s -6 d . 

i cushion & a paire of stockings 2 s , 6 d . oo 13 o 

It. 4 bushels of meale, 12 s , i bushel i wheat, 7 s 6 d , oo 19 6 
It. 2 bushel indian corne, 6 s , sackes 15 s , 

hempe & old boots, 5 s , 01 06 o 

It. i flaile & a staff e, I s , 2 curtain rods, 2 s , 

3 chaires, 4 s , oo 07 o 
It. i pigeon net, i lb , i stone jug 6 d , 

i Bible 6 s , i box a knife & ring 3 s , 01 08 6 



.irPENDIX. 187 

It. 2 cieves, I s , 2 ioyn stooles, 3 s , i box, 3 s Ib s <1 

I sheet, & 2 pillowheers i6 s , Oi 03 O 

It. i paire of gloves, I s , 6 d , sugar, 2 s , 8 d , 

i frying pan 3 s , OO 07 2 

It. i paire of sheets, 12 s , i halfe sheet, 2 s , 

i sheet 5 s , i shirt, 4 s , Oi 03 o 

It. 2 pillow beers, 4 s , 2 pillow beers 3 s , 

10 napkins 12 s , 6 d , OO 19 6 

It. 2 napkins, I s , 6' 1 , r table cloath I s , 

3 pillow beers 7 s , oo 09 6 

It. Stockings & 2 pillows 3 s , hobnails 8 d , 

1 warming pan, 4 s , OO 07 8 
It. i cradle rug, 4 s , 2 band, & 2 neck-cloaths, 3 s , 

2 chests io s , oo 17 o 
It. i bed & furniture, i lb , 8 s , i chain 5 s , 

I wheele-burrow, 3 s , ^01160 

It. 2 rings & staples 4 s -6 d , i plow 6 s , 

I grind stone, 4 s , OO 14 o 

103 oo 10 



It. i slead, 3 s , tubs, 9 s , barkes & tubs, 3 s , Ib s d 

i table leaf I s , 00160 
It. i cupboard, 6 s , i chest 2 s , 

1 trough and i chissell I s , oo 09 o 
It. 2 files 6 d , i fowling piece i lb , 01 oo 6 
It. The house, barnes, & ten acres adjoyning 

running fro ye street to the hill taking an 

equal 1 breadthe 6o lb - 60 oo o 

It. 4 acres meadow to this. 8 s oo 08 o 
The other 10 acres lying at the side of this, 

30 lb 30 oo o 

It. the residue of y e accomodation, 54 lb - 54 oo o 

It. corne of all sorts, 2O lb - 20 oo o 

It. hay 3 lb - i sickle I s . hempe 9 s . 

2 yokes & a forke 5 s . 03 15 o 



1 88 APPENDIX. 

It. 30 yr d s cloath at y e weavers, all charges paid Ib s d 

2 lb , 4 s . 02 04 o 

It. i bush. I s - i cart, 2 chains, 

& i rope, 2 lb 6 s - 02 07 o 



174 19 6 
103 oo 10 

Sume totall : 278 oo 4 

This is a true coppy of the Inventory 

taken by us : 
James Parker. 
John Nutting. 

John Page. 

Ib s d 
It. Due to the estate upon debt fro severall ptyes : 02 03 o 

It. some old iron found since the Inventory 

made amounts to oo 03 o 

Sworne by y e Executrix Susanna Lauranc & Nathaniel 
8. i. 1667. Laurance Executor that this is a true 

Inventory of the estate of the said John 
Laurance & that if any more appeare 
they will cause it to be added hereto. 
Thomas Danforth R. 



XIV. 

From the Middlesex Registry of Probate (box 263, No. 14 ; 
recorded lib. xvii. p. no) : 

AN IN VENTORY OF DBA : CN NETHANIEL LAWRANCES 
ESTATE. LATE OF CHARLESTOWN FARMES DECEASED. 

Lands. 

To Houses and Lands & all Buildings on sd Lands 

s d 
^690. o. o. 

To one Bible and sundry other Books . . oo. 18. o. 
To one Brass Kettle & one small Brass Skillet 01 oo oo 



APPENDIX. 189 

To two 1 'utcr I '..i so ns i Ouarte poot I platter s d 

& 2 puter Chamber pots . . . 00 n oo 

To I frying pan i Iron Kettle i -rid Iron . oo 09 oo 
To 2 Sives i Iletchell i Close Broch . . oo 07 oo 
To Wooden Dishes and Trenchers . . . OO 01 OO 
To 7 oald Chares and one Oald Table . . 0006 oo 
To i pare of beattle and Wedges Iron Crow 
and a Hone . . . . . . . OO 14 oo 

To one Broad axe i mortising axe i adds 

4 oald Choping axes . . . . . . 01 or oo 

To 2 orders 2 Chessels I shave 3 plaines . . oo 07 oo 
To 2 Sickles 2 Sithes i Tramel and a Hammer, oo 07 oo 
To i Cowbell a Ring and Staple 3 oald gripes 
i oald bore iron i Ring . . . . . oo 10 oo 

To i pare of Traces and a vvhipple tree Chaine 
i paire of Fetters i spade Sum oald pieces of 
Chaines stock & bitt . . . . . oo 18 oo 

To i oald gun and i oald Sword i Casement 

Chessele . . . . . . . oo 10 oo 

To i pare of Composes whetstone gouge & 

Pieces of oald Iron . . . . . oo 03 oo 

To i Coller i half Bushil 2 Chests . . oo 10 oo 

To 3 Dry Casks and Churne 2 Baskets one 

Riddle and Sum oald Tooles & odd things of 

y e Same Kinde . . . . . . oo 06 oo 

To i feather Beed and Bolster & 2 pillows 2 

Coverlids & 6 Blankets . . . . . 5 oo oo 

To i oald under Bead and Boalster of flock 

and under bead tickin . . . . . or 04 oo 

To Sum Oald Lumber of Oald Beadsteds and 

Boxes . . . . . . . . oo 06 oo 

To two sheats 3 pillerbceres i napken i meal 

Sack & headline . . . . . . or 04 oo 

To oald Bead Ticken & paire of Blankets a 
Coller a half barReele a small Skillet of Brass 
& a Iron Kettle a pare of Bellovvss a Tongues 
and Peale & a Iron Hook a sive a Oyl gare [?] & 



190 



APPENDIX. 



a Tine Lampe one Linnen sheet a table Cloth 
and one pillow i wollen whele and a Knot [?] 
Dish a pare of pincherses and a gimbljt one 

Chare 

To i Forke and 2 Oald Plows spanshakel and 

Pin 

To i mare and Saddle 



s d 
02 01 oo 

02 02 06 
04 oo oo 

. 714 18 6 



Sum Totale . 
Charls Town Farms. 

June io th 1724 

A true In Ventory Errors Excepted. 

Eben Bruks 

moer Things on the John Holdin 

other side prised 

bye the prisers John Willis 

The sum totall of ye other side Broot ouer 
and here fixed ....... 

to one Boonde of six pownds .... 

to one Boonde moer of fowr pownds Ten 
shillings ........ 

to Twenty-nine Booshels of indian corne 

to Eaight Booshells of oates .... 

to Three Booshels of Beens .... 

to Three Boshels & one half peack of Rye 
to one small Timber chaine .... 

to one Leather Belt & one mony case & 
one pockett Knife .... 

& to one small glue bottle & one oald 
linning wheale. 

totall . . . ^"733 12 06 

NOTE. A hatchel or hetchel is an instrument for combing flax. 
Trammel signifies an iron hook for hanging kettles. A riddle is a 
coarse sieve. Pilloivbeer, old name for pillow-case. A colter or coulter 
is the cutting-iron of a plough. A peal or peel is a kind of fire-shovel. 
Spans/tackle means a large bolt. 



714 18 6 
06 oo oo 

04 10 oo 

05 01 06 
oo 15 oo 

OO II OO 

oo 15 06 
oo 16 oo 



oo 05 oo 



APPENDIX. 1 9 1 



XV. 
From the Middlesex Registry of Probate :- 

AN INVENTORY OF YE ESTATE OF LIEUT. AMOS 

LAURENCE LATE GROTON DECEDVIZ- 

Homestead buildings & land [;]45o o o 

Woodland at long pond 45 " " 

Pine plain 9 - - 

Pick fork o I 8 

Small do 009 

5 rakes O I 6 
Ox yoke 060 

Do 020 

staple and ring 020 

3 draft chanes o 18 o 
Iron bar 012 o 

Do 060 

Iron shovel 040 

shackel & pin o i o 

I'.rake O 2 O 

slay & harness, 300 

6 Dry casks 030 

4 hoes 030 
dung fork 030 
Desk 060 
Clock 300 
foot whele 060 
2 Sythes & snayhs o 6 10 
1". -at hers O 12 o 
Corn. 4 10 o 

ns 060 

Rye i 10 o 

side saddle 060 

chest o i 6 

chest of draws 012 o 

Case of do i 10 o 

Do. Do. 090 

looking glass 040 

6 chairs o 18 o 

2 cfreat Do. 030 

8 old Do. 080 

^525 14 3 



192 APPENDIX. 

2 Tea tables [;]o 3 9 

1 Table o 12 o 
candle stand o i 6 
Large round table 090 

2 kitchen tables 030 
2 axes 090 
2 old do 020 
small plow 060 
betle rings 009 
horse traces 020 
Cart. 280 
harrow o 18 o 
stubble plow o 9 9 
sled 030 
26 cyder barrels i 6 o 

2 keggs 009 
soap & barrel 012 o 
pork 500 

3 beef tubs 060 
potatoes 060 
saddle o 12 o 
bridle 060 
pillion 030 
whele 060 

Do 030 

looking glass 060 

earthen plates 060 

pewter Do 090 

Do platters i 4 o 

Do basons 036 

pitchers 020 

glases 03 

cups & sau[c]ers 020 

Tea pots 006 

bowles 020 

Bottles o i o 

Cream pots 030 

Milk pans 030 

Jugs 020 

puding pans & boles o i o 

tea spones o i o 

candle sticks 040 

shovel & tongs 030 

And Irons o 12 o 

19 1 S 9 



APPENDIX. 1 93 



brass kittle [] '5 O 

|'ts 060 

Dish kittles 030 

'1\ a Do. 030 

skillets 040 

i;rid Iri'ii O I O 

Hillows O I 6 

Coffee pots 020 

Tin pale O I O 

pales 020 

flat irons 030 

Knifes & forks 040 

tost iron O I o 

grate 006 

stilyards 030 

seive o i o 

hammers 009 

half bushel & measures 030 

w.ishtubs 020 

cheese tubs & keelers 046 

cheese press 020 

baskets 020 

frying pan O I o 

shirts o 12 o 

strait bodied coat o 12 o 

great c<ut 030 

small clothes 046 

fustian coat 040 

waistcoats 046 

hat 050 

shoes 027 

stockii 046 

Table clothes & towels 019 6 

1 ' Bed & becling 318 o 

2 Do Do 360 

3 Do Do 300 

4 Do Do 300 

5 1 ><> Do - 214 
Oxen 12 o o 
Cows 900 

43 15 10 



i 9 4 



APPENDIX. 



Sow & pig 

2 hogs 

3 Young cattle 3 years old 
2 yearlings 

Mair & colt 

1 yearling 

2 2 years old 
Large plow 
Reals 

hand saw 

sickels 

Tunnels 

Canisters 

Books 

stove 

warming pan 

Cheese hoops 

Churn 

Boxes 

Kitchel 

Cards 

Breadtrough 



Equal in Dollars to 
D 2076.72 

Joseph Allen 

Joseph Sawtell Jr. apprizers. 

Amos Davis 

Groton May 29 th 1798 

Total 2076.72 

We add i of a pew below 10. 

half of a pew above 6.67 

a Grind stone 0.75 



2 O 
4OO 
740 
300 
9OO 

i 16 o 
440 
0180 



o 


i 


o 


o 


o 


9 


o 


I 


o 


o 


o 


8 


o 


I 


2 


o 


6 


8 





3 


6 


o 


3 


o 


o 


i 


6 


o 


3 


6 


o 


o 


5 


o 


3 


9 





i 


6 





i 


6 


33 


13 


ii 


43 


15 


10 


19 


15 


9 


525 


14 


3 



^622 19 9 



D 2094.14 

Middlesex ss in Probate Court at Groton 17 octob r . 1798. 
Amos Lawrance the admor having made oath to the Inven- 
tory before me I order that it be recorded. 

Oliver Prescott. J. prob. 



APPENDIX. 195 



XVI. 
From the Middlesex Registry of Probate : 

An Inventory of the real estate whereof Samuel Lawrence 
late of Groton in the County of Middlesex, Esq. deceased 
died siezed and possessed taken by us the subscribers on 
oath pursuant to the warrant hereto annexed. Real estate. 
Homested Farm of the deceased. .... 84000. 
About ten Acres of land on the West side of Nashua 
River adjoining thereto. 100. 

About twenty five Acres of land on the West side 
of said River, called " Wrangling Swamp." 3- 

One undivided half of twenty three Acres of wood 
land on Squannacook Plains so called 69. 

About ten Acres of Wood Land situated on the east 
side of said River and adjoining the same. 250. 

A Pew in the Groton Meeting House being No. [ ] 70. 
A Pew in Union Meeting House 100. 

A Horse stable near the last mentioned Meeting House - 35. 
About five Acres of land in Long Pond Woods- 25. 



4949.00 

Personal estate. 
In North Front Room. 
Glass Ware 5.90 Decanter stands .50 

Bread & cheese Tray 1.50 7.90 

Crockery & China Ware 9. Candle sticks & snuffer Tray 
snulfer Tray 2.00 11.00 

Fendor, Fire sett, hooks and Hearth-brush 12. 
Soffa 6. Card Table 5. 23.00 

Carpet & floor Cloath 22. Dining Table & Cloath 4. 26.00 
7 chairs 4. 50 --Looking glass, 4.50 9.00 

In South Front Room. 
Carpet 5.00, 9 chairs & 2 Cushions 5. 
Pembrook Table & cover. 4- 14.00 



196 APPENDIX. 

Light stand .50, Easy chair 9. Fire sett 6. 

2 pr. bellows I. Looking glass 4. $20.50 

Bed, bedsted sacking and Curtains 15. Books 24- 39.00 

Front entry carpets stair carpet and rods 6. 6.00 

In North Bed Room. 

Bed & bedsted 5. Night Cabinet 6. old case drawers i. 

Woolen Wheel i. 13.00 

Back North chamber. 

Bed, bedsted, and beding &c. 13.00 



182.40 

Amt. Brought forward- 182.40 

In Buttery -- Wooden Ware 1.50 Tin Ware 3.25 
Table .60 churn 2.00 6.75 

Earthern Ware 3.50, 60 Ibs butter & Furkins 10. 
Hogs Lard 1.50 15.00 

Lot of Glass bottles 4.00, \ barrel of Flour 3. 
Apple sauce & cask 1.25 Candles 2.25 10.50 

In Meal Room- -Tin Kitchen 1.50 Coffee Mill 1.75 
Logerhead .25 Sieves .25 3.75 

In Small Kitchen. Tin Ware 2.00 Pewter 1.50 
Brass Wash Dish & skimmers 1.25 4.75 

2 Warming Pans 2.50 Crockery Ware i. 

Milk Pans 1.25 Iron Ware 18.50 2 3-25 

Copper and Brass Kettles 13. Cheese Press .50 
Clothes Line & Pins .50 14.00 

Water Pails and Wash Tubs i. 4 chairs 1.50 
Table .33, 2 pr steel yards 1.25 4.08 

choping Knife 20 .20 

82.28 

In Large Kitchen. Dish covers 9. 18 sheets 6. 
19 Pillow cases 2.37 17-37 

4 coarce Towels .40, 10 napkins 1.58 

i doz. Table cloaths 6. 3 damask table cloaths 4. 11.98 

I check Table Cloath 2 & i Flannel ditto .50 
4 Large silver spoons 8. 10.50 



APPENDIX. 197 

10 Tea Spoons 4.50 Sugar Tongs .50 Knife Tray & 

2 Knife baskets .50 $5-5 

5 do/. knives& forks 2 carving knives &forks and steel 10.50 

5 Waiters 1.50, 2 brass candle sticks & snuffer tray 1.50 

2 Tables 2.50 5-5O 

Old chest .66, 5 old chairs 1.25 Looking Glass .75 

Old Desk 2. 4.66 

Old clock 5. Crockery Ware 5.40, 2 Coolers .25 

2 Coffee & 2 Tea Pots 4.00 H-^S 

Sugar and Pail 3. Tin ware .50 spice Box .33 3.83 

In North Front Chamber- - Carpet and Hearth Rug 7. 

4 chairs 2. 9.00 

Bed, Bedding, Mattress, Bedsted & Curtains 50. 

4 pr sheets 10. 7 napkins 2. 62.00 

7 pr pillow cases 4. Looking Glass 2. Toilette I. 

Bureau 10. 17.00 

Wash stand Pitcher & Bowl 5. i Chamber vessel .25 5.25 



17774 

In South Front Chamber, Carpet I. Wash stand, 
Bowl & Pitcher 2. Bureau 6. 9.00 

Looking Glass .75, 3 chairs i. I pr dogs & Tongs .50 
Window curtains .75 3.00 

Bed, bedding, bedsted, and Mattress .25, Bed, bedding 
bedsted sacking & curtains 25 50.00 

2 chamber vessels .50 .50 

In Kitchen Chamber, Bed bedding & bedsted 9. 
2 Comforts & bedquilts 6.50 15-5 

1 '<ing Glass .75 old case of draws 2. 

Tool stove .50, 2 Woolen Blankets 3. 6.25 

2 Chairs i.oo, 4 Bed Quilts 5.50 6.50 
In Back South Chamber, Bed, bedding & bedsted 8. 

i Chair .33 Old Chest .50 8.83 

In the Garrett, 2 bushels of beans 2. 

Warping bars & Weavers Reeds 3. 5- 

In Cellar. 26 Barrels of Cider & casks full 



198 APPENDIX. 

& 6 empty casks 40. Soal Leather 2. 42.00 

Potatoes supposed to be 175 bushels 35. 

I bushel of onions I. Soap and casks 5 $41.00 

5 bushels of Carrots 1.25 Pork & meal Tubs 18. 

Cheese [150 Ibs] 10 29.25 

216.83 



Carried forward - 659.25 

Amt. bro't forward - $659.25 

Double Sleigh & Box 12. 3 old saddles & bridle 4. 

old Iron .50 small wagon & Harness 10. 26.50 

single sleigh & Harness 7. Grindstone & Frame 3. 

2 bar ls of vinegar & 4 casks 6. 16.00 

2 Iron Bars 4.25 Beetle & 4 wedges 1.25 

dry casks 1.25 Wood saw .50 6.25 

20 Cords of Woods 40. 2 Hammers .50 

3 axes 1.25 Wheel Barrow 1.50 43- 2 5 
Lot of baskets .50 Slug wheel cart 7. 

Narrow Wheel cart 16. Large Saw 2.50 26.00 

Mortice Axe and ditching knife 2. Scythes & 

sneaths 2.50, 8 rakes & I Potatoe rake .75 6.25 

2 hoes I. 4 Pitch Forks I. Hay hook .25 

Winnowing Mill 8. Cider Mill shovel .75 n.oo 

60 bushels of corn 45. 2 Flails .50 

6 meal bags 2. 30 Tons of Hay $268 S^-SO 

25 bushels of rye 20. Stoves 5. 

4 bushels of meal 3.00 28.00 
one horse 60. r pr of Oxen 80. 

I pr 2 yrs old steers 47. 5 cows 90. 277.00 

1 year'g heifer 10. 2 heifer calves 11. 

6 sheep 18. 39.00 

2 Harrows 7.50, 4 Ploughs 25. 

4 Mud & Dung Forks 3. Spade .75 36.25 

3 draft chains 4.00, 2 pr chain traces & 

Whippletree chains 3. 2 collars .50 7.50 



A1TENDIX. 199 

a Lot of Yokes and Irons 3.50 2 ox sleds 5. 

one old swine 15. 3 young swine 15. ^38. 50 

one chaise and Harness 5000 

$927.00 

Total of personal estate $1586.25 

Total of Real estate 4949.00 

Dec. 22 d . 1827. $6535.25 

Abel Farnsworth, 

Joseph F. Hall, 
Walter Dickson Jr. 

XVII. 

DEED OF SALE FROM THE STATE OF CONNECTICUT 
TO DANIEL LAWRENCE. 

From the first volume of the records of the Proprietors of 
Canaan, Conn. (p. i) : 

\Yhereas By an Act of ye ginaral Asembly Holclen at 
New haven October 13, 1737, entitled an act for ye ordering 
and directing ye sale and settlement of all ye townships in 
ye western Lands ; among other things it is enacted that 
ye northwest town in s d Land bounding west by Housatanock 
River shall be vandued and sold at ye Court House in New 
London to ye hig[h]est bid[d]ers being inhabitence of this 
colony and ye first Tu[e]sday of Jan[u]ary next at one of 
ye clock in ye afternoon and continue by Adjournments till 
ye [wjhole be sold by Sam'l Lynd, John Griswold and John 
Richards esquirs, they or any two of them to be a comity in 
ye name of ye governor and company to sell all rights to the 
lands and give Deads [deeds] .... therefor : to all people 
to [w]home these presents shall come, gre[e]ting : Know 
ye that we Sam' 1 Lynde, John Griswold and John Richards 
by vartue of ye power and authority to us --ranted in s j act 
for and in consideration of ye sum of one hundred [and] 
fifty foure [pounds], twelve shillings to us in hand paid, 



200 APPENDIX. 

before ye Insealing hear of by Daniel Lawrence of Plainfield 
in ye county of Windham in ye colony of Con[n]e[cti]cut ye 
Receipt whereof we do hereby acknowledge and there upon 
in ye name of ye govener and company of ye colony afore- 
said do give, grant, Bargain, sell, enfeof, convay and confirm 
unto ye s d Daniel Lawrence his Heirs [and] Assigns for ever, 
one Right, part, share or alotment in ye township aforesaid, 
ye same being devided into fifty three equal shares or alot- 
ments, exclusive of ye Lands granted to ye Colidg [college] 
and all former grants of ye general asembly that are survayed 
and Recorded in ye publick Records of ye colany and are 
l[y]ing in s d town with ye privilidges and appurtinances 
thereof, theiron or th[e]ireunto belonging ; to have and to 
hold ye s d granted and bargined premises with all and singular 
ye appurt[e]nances theriof unto ye s d Daniel Lawrance, his 
Heirs and Asigns forever to his and their own sole and 
proper use, benefit and beho[o]f, and we ye s f1 Sam'l Lynde, 
John griswold and John Richards do covenant to and with 
ye s d Daniel Lawrence his Heirs and Asigns in man[n]er 
and form folowing, that is to say that at and untill ye ensealing 
of these presents, we by vartue of ye power and a[u]thority 
to us granted, have good Right to sell and dispose of ye s d 
granted premises in maner as afore sd and that ye same is 
and shall be a good and indefeasible estat[e] of inheritance 
in fee simple and is free from all incombrences whatsoever, 
all ways provided and these presents are upon this condition, 
that If ye s d Daniel Lawrence shall by himself or his Agent 
within ye space of two full years nex[t] after the date hearof 
enter upon ye s d granted premises, build and finish an house 
theiron not less than eighteen feets square and seven feets 
stud, subdue, clear and Fence six acres of s d land and 
continue theiron for ye space of three successive years, 
comincing after ye two years afore sd unless prevented by 
Death or inevitable providence and do and perform all orders 
and duties, pay all taxes that shall be granted, then the 
afores d deed shall remain in full force and vartue, but in 



APPENDIX. 201 

detail or neglect in either or all of these s d articles, ye same 
shall be void and of none effect, in witness we have hear- 
unto set our hands and seals this fo[u]rth day of January, 
An[n]oque domi [Domini] 175*. 

Samuell Lynde 
John griswold 



John Richards 



Signed, sealed and 
delivered in presents 
of 

Tho. prentis 

george Richard 
N. London. 

Jan[u]ary ye 4. 1738. 

Sam'l Lynde, John Griswold and John Richards parsnally 
Apered and Acknolid[g]ed ye above Riten instrement to be 
their free act and Deed, 
before me 

Tho. prentis 

Justis peace. 
by me 

David Whitney 
proprietors Clark. 



EPITAPHS IN THE OLD CEMETERY AT LEXINGTON. 

Here Lyes the Body of Deacon Nathaniel 
Lawrance, formally of Groton. Dec d . at 
Lexington April --the I4th-- 1724 
in the 85th Year of His age. 

"Hear Lies Buried ,y e Body of Mr John 
Lawrance who Departed This Life 
March y e I2th A.D. 1746-7. 
Age 79 years 7 M & 1 1 D s ." 



202 APPENDIX. 

Here lyes Buried y e Body of Mrs 
Anna Lawrance wife to Mr John Law- 
ranee who Died Decemb r igth 1732 
in y e 63rd Year of Her Age. 

[Cherub's head and wings.] 
[Hour glass.] 

As time doth fly, our death draws nigh. 
Here lies the Body of M r Jonathan Law- 
rence who departed this Life March 
the 19^ 1773 in the 68 t . h year of his Age. 

From Death arrest no age is free. 

My fri\_e\nds prepare to follow me. 

[Cherub's head and wings.] 
In Memory of M rs Elizabeth Lawrence, 
Relict of Mr Jonathan Lawrence, who 
died July 4th, 1790, Aged 83 years. 

Here Lies y e Body of Beniamin Lawrance, 
Son of M r Jonathan & Mr s Elizabeth Law- 
rance Who Died June y e 19, 1753 Aged 
2 years 9 Menth. 

Here Lies y e Body of Anna Lawrance 
Daft r of Mr Jonathan & Mr s Elizabeth 
Lawrance Who Died July y e 18 1753 
Aged 7 years 4 months. 

LINCOLN EPITAPHS. 
^ Memento mori. 

[Cherub's 'head and wings.] 



Here Lies the Body 
of M r Nehemiah 
Abbo 1 Who departed 
this Life Feb r i6 th 1767 
In the 76 th year of 
his age. 



And also the Body 

of M rs Sarah Abbot 

wife of M r Nehemiah Abbot 

who departed this Life 

October 4 th 1755 In 

the 63 d Year of her age 



[Nehemiah and Sarah Abbott were the parents of Abigail 
Abbott, who married Capt. Amos Lawrence Nov. 7, I749-] 



APPENDIX. 203 

PLAINFIELD EPITAPH. 

In Memory of Mr Joseph Lawrence 
Who Died July y e nth A.D. 1756. 

A -vt I f)f> years. 

[A son of Pelcg. ami grandson of John Lawrence of 
Wisset, Eng.] 

EPITAPHS FROM THE OLD CEMETERY AT PUTNAM 
HEIGHTS (NORTH KILLINGLY), CONN. 

In memory of Lieut. Elihu Lawrence 
Who died Sep tr 10 A D 1815 In his 7Qth year. 

Hail glorious Gospel heavenly light whereby 
\\'e live with comfort and with comfort die ; 
And when beyond this gloomy scene, the tomb 
A life of endless happiness to come. 

Sacred to the memory of Mr Asa Lawrence 
Who died Oct. 19 1813 In his /1 st year. 

Tis but a few whose years amount 
To three score years and ten 
And all beyond that short account 
Is sorrow toil and pain. 

In Memory of Mrs Lucy Lawrence wife of 
Mr Asa Lawrence who died 
May 3 rd - 1819 In her 72 nd year. 

A consort kind and good a parent dear 
To all obliging and to all sincere 
True to her God the orphans frk'nd V Guide 
She lived beloved and lauu-nk-d died. 

In memory of John Lawrence 

who died Sept. 27 1.832, aged 76 years. 

My friends I bid you all adieu 
I leave you in good care 
And if I neaver more see you 
Go on I meet you thear. 



204 APPENDIX. 

In Memory of Mrs Phebe Lawrence 
wife of Dea n John Lawrence, who died 
_ Aug 14 1813, Aged 52 yrs. 5m. 

[A]ffliction sore long time I bore 

Physicians skill was vain 

Till . . . easd to giv[e] 

. . . [illegible] . . . my . . . 

Sarah 
wife of Dea. John Lawrence died Dec 27 1846 

Aged 74. 

The great, the good, the wise, the just, 
Must all in time be turned to dust. 
Then learn to quit terrest[r]ial ties, 
That you may soar above the skies, 
And then enjoy the blissful favor 
Of Jesus Christ our Lord and Saviour. 



LITTLETON EPITAPHS. 

Memento mori. 
[Cherub's head and wings.] 

Erected In Memory of Deacon Jonathan 
Lawrance Who departed this life Dec r y e 8 th 
1789 Aged 86 years I month and 23 days. 

Here Lies Buried The Body of Mrs Trypheuny 
Lawrance Wife of M r Jonathan Lawrance 
Who Departed this life August y e 25 A.D. 
1752 In y 42 year of Her Age. 

Memento moti. 
[Cherub's head and wings.] 

In memory of Cap 1 - David Lawrance 
who departed this life Sept y e 28 th A.D. 
1790 In the 85 th year of his age. 



APPENDIX. 205 



nior. 

In Menu TV of M rs Hannah Lawrancc 
(Relict of Cap 1 David Lawrance) who 
departed this life May the 8 th 1791 
In the '<; year "f her a--e. 

PEPPERELL EPITAPHS. 

[Cherub's head.] 

Here lies the Body of M 1 Zachariah Lawrence, 
who departed this Life Jan r y i8 th 1754 

In the 7i st year of his age. 
[A son of Enosh Lawrence.] 

[Urn.] 
In memory of Cap 1 . James & Mrs Mary Lawrence 



Cap'. Lawrence 
departed this 
life Jan'y 23 d 
1800 in the 
97 th Year of 
his ajre. 



Mrs Lawrence 
departed this 
life Dec r 2 I st 
1799 in the 
87 th Year of 
her age. 



[Capt. James Lawrence was a son of Nathaniel, and grand- 
son of Enosh.] 

[Cherub's head and wings.] 
In memory of Mrs Sybil Lawrence, wife of 
Cap^ Bcnj n Lawrence, who deceased Nov^_ r 
28 th 1797 aged 52 Years & 22 days. 

[Cherub's head.] 

In Memory of Molley Lawrence Dau^I of 
Lieu 1 Benjamin & M rs Sibbel Lawrence 
who died Sep 1 y e iq th 1790 aged 2 Years 
5 Months & 10 days. 

[Lieut, or Capt. Benjamin Lawrence was a son of Capt. 
James Lawrenc< 



206 APPENDIX. 

Memento mori. 
[Cherub's head and wings.] 

Here lies the Remains of Mr Jeremiah Law- 
rence who was chosen the first Deacon of 
the Church in this Place Jan r y II th 1748 
and departed this Life Aug* 2Q th 1759 
In the 47 th Year of his Age. 
[A son of Zechariah, and grandson of Enosh.] 

[Willow-tree and urn.] 

In memory of Doct. Ephraim Lawrence 
Who died Dec. 23, 1809, Aet. 75. 
[He was a son of Deacon Peleg Lawrence.] 

[Urn.] 

Erected in Memory of Major Thomas 
Lawrence who died July 27, 1822. Aet. 65. 

Ah ! trust not to your fleeting breath, 
Nor call your time your own ; 
Around you see the Scythe of death 
is mowing thousands down. 
And you who hitherto are spared 
Must shortly yield your lives 
Your wisdom is to be prepared 
Before the stroke arrives. 

Thomas S. Lawrence Died July loth 
1811, Aet. 28 yrs & 6 mos. 
Rebecca His wife Died Feb. 12, 1853 
Aet. 71 yrs & 9 mos. 

Tis God that lifts our comforts high 

or sinks them in the grave ; 

He gives and blessed be his name 

He takes but what he gave 

Peace all our angry passions then 

Let each rebellious sigh 

Be silent at his sovereign will 

And every murmur die. 

[Thomas S. Lawrence was the oldest son of Major Thomas 
Lawrence of Pepperell] 



APPENDIX. 207 



EPITAPHS FROM THE LOWER CEMETERY IN NORTH 

CANAAN, CONN. 

In Memory of Cap 1 Daniel Lawrence 
he died May s" 1 1777 In the 97 th 
year f his 



In Memory of Cap Daniel Law- 
rence Jun r ., he died Jan 27 th 1790 
AE 87. 

In Memory of Mrs Rachel wife 
to Cap 1 Daniel Lawrence Jun r . 
She died Mar 3 d 1767 AE 63. 

BIOGRAPHIES, MEMOIRS, AND SERMONS RELATING TO 
DESCENDANTS OF MAJOR SAMUEL LAWRENCE. 

A Sermon on the Death of the Hon. Luther Lawrence. 
By Henry A. Miles. Lowell, 1839. 

A Sermon commemorative of William Lawrence, Boston, 
1848; and A Memoir of William Lawrence, 1856. By the 
Rev. S. K. Lothrop, D.D. 

Extracts from the Diary and Correspondence of the late 
Amos Lawrence, with a brief account of some incidents in 
his life. Edited by his son, William R. Lawrence, M.D. 
Boston, 1855. 

A Sermon on " the Moral Power of Character," as illus- 
trated by the life of Amos Lawrence. By the Rev. Dr 
Lothrop. Boston, 1853. 

A Discourse commemorative of Amos Lawrence. By 
Mark Hopkins, D.D. 1853. 

" A Tribute to a Good Man." Extract from a sermon on 
Amos Lawrence by the Rev. F. T. Gray. Boston, 1853. 

Memoir of the Hon. Abbott Lawrence. 15 y W. H. 
Prescott. 1856. 



208 APPENDIX. 

Memoir of Abbott Lawrence. By N. Appleton. 1856. 

Memoir of Abbott Lawrence. By H. A. Hill. 1883. 

" The Stewardship of Wealth as illustrated in the Lives of 
Amos and Abbott Lawrence." . By Frank W. Ballard. 1865. 

A Sermon commemorative of William Richards Lawrence, 
M.D. By the Rev. R. H. Howe. Boston, 1885. 

The Life of Amos A. Lawrence. By William Lawrence. 
Boston, 1888. 



" The waves of Time may devastate our lives, 

The frosts of age may check our failing breath : 
They shall not touch the spirit that survives 
Triumphant over doubt and pain and death." 




INDEX. 



ABBOTT, ABIGAIL, 87, 
Abbott, Nehemiah, 64, 87, 88. 
Adams, Dr. Daniel, 26, 75. 
Adams, Dr. Joseph, 74-76. 
Adams Family, 73- 
Adams, Love, 73. 
Adams, Lovcy, 27. 
Adams, Patty, 30. 
Appendix, 163-208. 

1! ABBIDGE, REV. DR., 69. 

Bancroft, Dr., 93. 

Bartlett, Widow, 8. 

Batchelder, Susanna, 10. 

Batchelder, William, 10. 

Bate, Benjamin, 64. 

Bigelow, Hon. Timothy, 115. 

Biscoe, John, 8. 

Blinn, Mrs. Charlotte, 83. 

Blood. John E., 69. 

Bolton, Mass., Records of, 144. 

Boutwell. Francis M., 5, 14, 30. 

Bowman, Francis, 59. 

Bowman, Sergeant Joseph, 55. 

Bradstreet, Gov. ; 13. 

Brigham, George D., 5. 

Brown, Rev. Joseph, 74. 

Bulkier, Capt. Joseph, 29. 

I'.urgoync, Gen., 69, 106. 

Burlington, Mas*., Records of, 143-144. 

Burrage, John, u. 

Bush, John, 96. 



210 INDEX. 

CADY, DANIEL, 94. 

Canaan, Conn., Records of, 148-156. 

Carley, Rachel, 60. 

Carley, William, 59. 

Gaunter, Henry, 79. 

Chaplin, Rev. Daniel, 92, 106. 

Clark, Moses, 31. 

Clarke, Rev. Jonas, 74. 

DlX, WIDOW, 8. 
Dudley, Gov., 50, 51. 

EDDY, SAMUEL A., 5. 
Epitaphs, 201-207. 

pARNSWORTH, DEACON ISAAC, 98. 

Farrar, Rev. Stephen, 74. 

Farwell, Capt. Henry, 96, 98, 100, 108. 

Fasset, Joseph, 61. 

Fisk, Dr. Robert, 60. 

Fitch, Zachariah, 96. 

Flemming, John, 8. 

GATES, MAJOR-GEN., 69. 

Gray, David B., 31. 

Gray, Mrs. Martha, 6, 30, 31. 

Green, Dr. Joshua, 119. 

Green, Mrs. Joshua, 108. 

Green, Hon. Samuel A., M.D., 5, 14, 90, 97, 116. 

Greene, Col., 107. 

Groton, Mass., Records of, 119. 

HALL, JOSEPH F., 9. 

Hammond, John, 8, 88. 

Hancock, Rev. Ebenezer, 84. 

Hancock, Rev. John, of Lexington, 45, 84. 

Hartwell, Eliza Jane, 31. 

Hawkins, Timothy, 8. 

Heath, Brig.-Gen., 102, 103, 104, 105. 

Hildreth, Stowe, 94. 

Hobart, Rev. Gershom, 53. 

Holden, Capt. $., 95. 

Holden, Stephen, 17. 

Howe, Admiral, 103. 

Howe, Lord. 103. 



INDL \. 2I 

[OHNS< >N, WILLIAM, 

I\ILl.INi;i.V. CONN., Tlu- Lawrences of, 145 i 

1 \ K I \. ( lAPT. X A I'M \\n ;.. 105. 

LawtciKe, Abigail Abi.utt, 105. 

I..iv. r\-i;ro, Hon. Abbott, 109. I IQ. 

Lawrence. Abbott, of Boston, 112, 114. 

Lawrence, Dr. Abel, 75, 77. 

Lawrence, Capt. Abel, So. 

Lawrence, Amory A., 50, 51. 

Lawrence, Amos, of Boston, 13, loS, i 19, 120. 

Lawrence, Capt. Amos, 40, 65, 85-94, 98, 99, 108, 127. 

Lawrence, Lieut. Amos, jun., 89, 94, 95, 96, 108. 

Lawrence, Amos A., 51, 101. 

Lawrence, Rev. Arthur, 110. 

Lawrence, Artemas, 41. 

I. iwrence, Capt. Asa, 23, 98. 

Lawrence, Capt. Benjamin, 40. 

Lawrence, Lieut. Benjamin, jun., 41. 

Lawrence, Benjamin, son of John of Lexington, 84. 

Lawrence, Benjamin Franklin, 94. 

Lawrence, Bezaleel, of Lexington, 65, 66, 82, 83. 

Lawrence, Charles M., 31. 

Lawrence, Deacon Curtis, 67. 

Lawrence, Capt. Daniel, 42. 

Lawrence, Daniel, jun., 42, 43, 45. 

Lawrence, Daniel, son of Peleg, 20. 

Lawrence, Daniel H., 70. 

Lawrence, David, Capt., 21, 25, 29, 30: 

Lawrence, Deacon David, jun., 26-28, 30. 

Lawrence, David Prescott, 32. 

Lawrence, Edwin, 83. 

Lawrence, Lieut. Eleazer, 24, 31-34. 

Lawrence, Major Eleazer, 19-21, 29, 30, 31. 

Lawrence, Elizabeth, 7, 10. 

Lawrence, Enosh, 14, 38, 39. 

Lawrence, Ensign Enosh, 40. 

Lawrence, Dr. Ephraim, z^. 

Lawrence Family of Cornwall, Eng., 77-79.* 

Lawrence Farm in Littleton, 29. 

Lawrence, Francis W., 65, no. 

Lawrence, Frederick J., 41. 



2 1 2 INDEX. 

Lawrence, George, of Littleton, 30. 

Lawrence, Grace, 32. 

Lawrence, Henry, 7. 

Lawrence, Capt. Isaac, 43, 44, 45-47. 

Lawrence, Isaac, jun., 48. 

Lawrence, Isaac, son of John, sen., 49. 

Lawrence, James, of Groton. 108, 109, 112, 115. 

Lawrence, Capt. James, 39. 

Lawrence, James, jun., of Pepperell, 40. 

Lawrence, Jeremiah, 41. 

Lawrence, Dr. J. H., 79. 

Lawrence, John, of Wisset, Eng., 5, 7-10, 185. 

Lawrence, John, of Lexington, 14, 15, 53-65, 181. 

Lawrence, Rev. John, 6, 84. 

Lawrence, John, jun., of Chnrlestown, 10, n. 

Lawrence, John, jun., of Woburn, 66. 

Lawrence, Lieut. Jonathan, son of John, sen., 14, 17, 49-51. 

Lawrence, Jonathan, son of Eleazer, 24. 

Lawrence, Jonathan, son of John of Lexington, 65, Si, 82, 127. 

Lawrence, Jonathan, jun., grandson of Major Eleazer, 25. 

Lawrence, Joseph, of Groton, 14-16. 

Lawrence, Joseph, son of Peleg, 18, 34-36. 

Lawrence, Corporal Joseph, 70. 

Lawrence, Lovey, 74. 

Lawrence, Luther, 94, 108, 119. 

Lawrence, Lyman, 127. 

Lawrence, Mary, 118. 

Lawrence, Rev. Micah, 84. 

Lawrence, Moody, 41. 

Lawrence, Ensign Nathaniel, 11-16, 53, 93, 188. 

Lawrence, Nathaniel, son of Enosh, 39. 

Lawrence, Nathaniel, jun., of Medford, 51, 52. 

Lawrence, Nehemiah 89, 94, 96. 

Lawrence, Peleg, 9, 14, 16, 17, 29, 30. 

Lawrence, Deacon Peleg, 21, 22. 

Lawrence, Prescott, 112. 

Lawrence, Major Samuel, 40, 89, 94, 97-116, 118, 119. 

Lawrence, Samuel, of Lexington, 62. 

Lawrence, Samuel, son of Peleg, 18. 

Lawrence, Samuel, son of Major Eleazer, 24, 34. 

Lawrence, Samuel, of Stockbridge, Mass., 108, 119. 

Lawrence, Sumner P., 70. 

Lawrence, Susanna Parker, 116-119. 



INDEX, 

I.awrrn, e, 'I'l'innas. of ( ',ioton, 

:. Thomas, 68. 

Lawrence, " M.iior" Thomas, of \\-\\' riell, < 
I ij Plaintield. COUP.. 37, 38. 

'ol. William, 40, 70 

1. a\\ reiicc. William, merchant. -n, i\<). 

Luwrem <. Rev. W I" C'.mliriil-e, 112. 

Lawrence. Rev. William, oi" l.i, 
Lmvrence. William R., .M.I)., 105, 110. 

rence. X ichariah, jun., 41. 
.ington. ..'; .1-^.. Records of, 133-1^ 

rv.'ton. Mass., Ok! Lawrence Place in, 65, 82. 
Lincoln, Mass., Records of, 139, 140. 
Litileion. Mass., Records of, 128-133. 
I.ivermore, George. 107. 
Lock, Samuel, 57, 59. 

MACE, Ar-RAHAM c., 65. 

Mclntosh. i ol. \\illiam, 106. 
Merriam, Rebecca, 31. 
Minott, Love, 74. 
Moors, Capt. Joseph, 102. 
Morse, Sarah, II, 15. 
Mosse, John, 10. 
Mulliken, Nathaniel, 30. 
Muzzey, Amos, 83. 

PALFRKV. JOHN c, 8. 

Palmer, Benjamin, 35. 

Parker, Capt. James, 10, 13, 17. 

Parker, Susanna, 105. 

Parker, William, 116, 119. 

Peabody Homestead in Groton, 93. 

Peabody, William, 94, 108. 

Penticose. John, 1 1. 

Perham, John. 17. 

Pierce, Samuel I'., 65. 

Pitcairn. Major, 100. 

PlainfiHd. Conn., Records of, 123, 126. 

r, Rev. K. (',., 66. 
Powers, Isaac, 29. 
Prescott, Col. James, 95, 97, 98. 
Prescott, Jonas, 14, 17, 71. 



214 INDEX. 

Prescott, Capt. Jonathan, 29. 

Prescott, Oliver, 92, 97, 98. 

Prescott, Col. William, 70, 86, 96-97, 99, 101, 103, in. 

Proctor, George F., 19, 31. 



, EDWARD, Secretary, 13. 
Read, Capt. William, 55. 
Reed, Major Benjamin, 127. 
Reed, Hiram, 65. 
Reed, Col. Jonathan, 127. 
Reed, Nathan, 66. 
Register, Family, 157-162. 
Robbins, Robert, 29. 
Robinson, Col., 106. 
Rockwood, Lieut. Elisha, 93. 
Rodney, Admiral, 75. 
Rogers, Rev. Daniel, 23. 
Ryan, Patrick, 65. 

SANDERSON, REV. AMASA, 31. 

Sartell, Capt. Josiah, 98. 

Sawtelle, Hezekiah, 97. 

Sayles, Mrs. Polly, 82. 

Scripture, Samuel, 19. 

Seaver, Mrs. Norman, 108. 

Sewall, Henry, jun., 102. 

Shattuck, Andrew, 94. 

Shirley, Gov., 32. 

Simonds, Benjamin, 57. 

Simonds, Joshua, 66. 

Staples, Rev. C. A., 64. 

Stone, Deacon Samuel, 59, 64, 66. 

Sullivan, Judge, 92. 

Sullivan, Gen., 102, 106, 107. 

Sullivan, Hon. William. 108. 

TARBELL, CAPT. SAMUEL, 108. 
Taylor, David, 116. 
Tidd, Joseph, 57. 
Trowbridge, Rev. Caleb, 64. 



INDEX. 2 1 5 



\\ A [.DO, SAMIKI . 97. 
Warren, Gen. Joseph, loo. 
Washington, Gen., 102, 103. 
Wayinan, Lieut. Seth, 55. 
Wi'stlxmHi-li. Mass.. Rcioi.is of, 144. 
\\ liitconil), lonatlian, 94. 
Williams, Joseph, of Plainrield, 17. 
\\'oluini, Mass., Records of, 141-143. 
Wo!o<tt. Mdwanl G., 102. 
Woodbury, Rev. Samuel, 119. 
Woods, Major Henry, 70. 
Woods, Samuel, 12. 
Wyman, Francis, 66. 



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